Protected designation of origin

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EU Protected designation of origin logo in French
EU Protected designation of origin logo in German

Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) is a type of Geographical Indication of the European Union and the United Kingdom aimed at preserving the designations of origin of food-related products. The designation was created in 1992 and its main purpose is to designate products that have been produced, processed and developed in a specific geographical area, using the recognized know-how of local producers and ingredients from the region concerned.[1]

The list below also shows other Geographic Indications.


The characteristics of the products protected are essentially linked to the terroir. The European or UK PDO logo, of which the use is compulsory, ensures this identification.[2] The European Regulation n.o 510/2006 of March 20, 2006 acknowledges a priority to establish a community protection system guaranteeing equal conditions of competition between producers. This European regulation should guarantee the reputation of regional products, adapt existing national protections to make them comply with the requirements of the World Trade Organization and inform consumers that products bearing the logo of protected designation of origin respect the conditions of production and origin specified by this designation. This regulation concerns certain agricultural products and foodstuffs for which there is a link between the characteristics of the product or the foodstuff and its geographical origin: it may be wines, cheeses, hams, sausages, olives, beers, fruits, vegetables, breads or animal feed.[3][1][4]

Foods such as Parmigiano-Reggiano, Gorgonzola, Asiago cheese, Camembert de Normandie and champagne can be labeled as such if they come only from the designated region. For example, to be marketed under the designation of origin "Roquefort",[5] the cheese must be processed from raw milk from a certain breed of sheep (Lacaune), the animals will be raised in a specific territory and the cheese obtained will be refined in one of the cellars of the village of Roquefort-sur-Soulzonin the French department of Aveyron, where it will be seeded with mold spores (Penicillium roqueforti) prepared from traditional strains endemic to these same cellars.[2]

PDO in different languages[edit]

The PDO logo is available in all languages of the European Union and companies are free to use the logo and abbreviation of any of the versions. Examples of different language versions are shown below:

PDO in different EU language versions
Language Name Abbreviation
Bulgarian Защитено наименование за произход ЗНП
Croatian Zaštićena oznaka izvornosti ZOI
Czech Chráněné označení původu ChOP
Danish Beskyttet oprindelsesbetegnelse BOB
Dutch Beschermde Oorsprongsbenaming BOB
Estonian Kaitstud päritolunimetus KPN
Finnish Suojattu alkuperänimitys SAN
French Appellation d'origine protégée AOP
German geschützte Ursprungsbezeichnung g. U.
Greek προστατευόμενη ονομασία προέλευσης ΠΟΠ
Hungarian Oltalom alatt álló eredetmegjelölés OEM
Italian Denominazione d'Origine Protetta DOP
Latvian Aizsargāts cilmes vietas nosaukums ACVN
Lithuanian Saugomos kilmės vietos nuorodos SKVN
Polish chroniona nazwa pochodzenia CNP
Portuguese Denominação de Origem Protegida DOP
Romanian Denumirea de origine protejată DOP
Slovakian Chránené označenie pôvodu CHOP
Slovenian Zaščitena označba porekla ZOP
Spanish Denominación de origen protegida DOP
Swedish Skyddad ursprungsbeteckning SUB

European register[edit]

The protected names are entered in the European "Register of Protected Designations of Origin and Protected Geographical Indications", or "EU Quality Register" for short, which is maintained by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural Development.[6] The applications, publications, registrations and any changes are recorded in the DOOR (Database of Origin and Registration) database and can be accessed online by anyone.[7]

Starting on April 1, 2019, the online database eAmbrosia was put into operation by the European Commission, which lists information about protected wines, spirits and food in the European Union and the previous three different databases: E-SPIRIT-DRINKS, DOOR and E -BACCHUS replaced on December 31, 2019.[8]

Lists of PDO products by country[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Commission européenne. "Politique de l'UE en matière de qualité des produits agricoles".
  2. ^ a b Barham, Elizabeth; Sylvander, Bertil, eds. (2011). Labels of Origin for Food: Local Development, Global Recognition. CABI. p. 17. ISBN 9781845933777.
  3. ^ REGOLAMENTO (CEE) N. 2081/1992 -
  4. ^ La riforma del Regolamento (CEE) 2081/92 sulla protezione delle indicazioni geografiche e delle denominazioni di origine -
  5. ^ Hughes, Tom; Hughes, Meredith Sayles (2005). Gastronomie!: Food Museums and Heritage Sites of France. Piermont, NH: Bunker Hill Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 1-59373-029-2.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Source de la définition : Commission européenne. "Politique de l'UE en matière de qualité des produits agricoles". European Commission (in French).
  8. ^ "REGOLAMENTO (CE) N. 510/2006 DEL CONSIGLIO del 20 marzo 2006 relativo alla protezione delle indicazioni geografiche e delle denominazioni d'origine dei prodotti agricoli e alimentari". Archived from the original on 22 April 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2019.