Protector of Aborigines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The office of the Protector of Aborigines was established pursuant to a recommendation contained in the Report of the Parliamentary Select Committee on Aboriginal Tribes, (British settlements.) of the House of Commons. On 31 January 1838, Lord Glenelg, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies sent Governor Gipps the report.

The report recommended that Protectors of Aborigines should be engaged. They would be required to learn the Aboriginal language and their duties would be to watch over the rights of Aborigines, guard against encroachment on their property and to protect them from acts of cruelty, oppression and injustice. The Port Phillip Protectorate was established with George Augustus Robinson as chief protector and four full-time protectors.[1]

While the role was nominally to protect Aborigines, particularly in remote areas, the role included social control up to the point of controlling whom individuals were able to marry and where they lived and managing their financial affairs.[citation needed]

As well as Robinson, A. O. Neville and Edward John Eyre were notable Protectors of Aborigines.

Matthew Moorhouse was the first Protector of Aborigines in South Australia. He led the Rufus River massacre, which slaughtered 30-to-40 Aborigines.[2]

The Aborigines Welfare Board in New South Wales was abolished in 1969. By then, all states and territories had repealed the legislation allowing for the removal of Aboriginal children under the policy of "protection".[citation needed]

Protectors of Aborigines[edit]

Protectors of Aborigines around Australia included:

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Aplin, Graeme; S.G. Foster; Michael McKernan, eds. (1987). Australians:Events and Places. Fairfax, Syme and Weldon Associates. pp. 47–8. ISBN 0-949288-13-6. 
  2. ^ "Friction between overlanders and Australian Aboriginals". State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "SEVENTY YEARS A COLONIST". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931). Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia. 3 July 1909. p. 8. Retrieved 3 January 2016. 
  8. ^ Reports on actions of Dr Cecil Cook.
  9. ^ Dr Cook was the Chief Protector of Aborigines during the trial and appeal of Dhakiyarr Wirrpanda. The first Aboriginal Australian whose case was heard in the High Court (at the National Archives of Australia)
  10. ^ Hossain, Samia. "Norman Haire and Cecil Cook on Procedures of Sterilisation in the Inter-War Period." In Historicising Whiteness: Transnational Perspectives on the Construction of an Identity, edited by Leigh Boucher, Jane Carey, and Katherine Ellinghaus, 454-63. Melbourne: RMIT Publishing, 2007.
  11. ^ Tony Koch, (2 November 2010), Notorious bureaucrat who oppressed Aborigines dies unlamented, The Australian accessed 24 November 2013
  12. ^ "Golden Wedding". Bunbury Herald. Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 9 March 1918. p. 6. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "News and notes". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 12 December 1907. p. 7. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "South and West Australia". The Albury Banner and Wodonga Express. New South Wales: National Library of Australia. 20 December 1907. p. 34. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Our Calendar". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 5 November 1915. p. 31. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Internal Troubles". Western Mail. Perth: National Library of Australia. 23 February 1917. p. 29. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Former Public Servant dies at home". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 20 April 1954. p. 7. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Native Affairs". The Northern Times. Carnarvon, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 17 October 1940. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Mr. F. I. BRAY Dead". The West Australian. Perth: National Library of Australia. 7 October 1949. p. 2. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Native Affairs". Kalgoorlie Miner. Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 28 July 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  21. ^ Kral, Inge (2012). "Everything was Different because of the Changing". Talk, Text and Technology: Literacy and Social Practice in a Remote Indigenous Community. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. p. 113. ISBN 9781847697592. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 
  22. ^ Wilson-Clark, Charlie (16 February 2004). "He heralded a new era for Aborigines". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 18 April 2016. 

External links[edit]