Protectorate of the Holy See

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At the San Remo conference (19-26 April 1920), the Mandate for Palestine was allocated to Great Britain. France required the continuation of its religious protectorate in Palestine but Italy and Great Britain opposed it. France lost the religious protectorate, but, thanks to the Holy See, continued to enjoy liturgical honors in Mandatory Palestine until 1924, when the honors were abolished.[1] The precise boundaries of all territories, including that of the British Mandate for Palestine, were left unspecified, to "be determined by the Principal Allied Powers".[2] During that time, the British were in control of Palestine and the French took control of Syria, for which France had been given a mandate.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ Custodia Terrae Sanctae: "The Question of the Holy Places"
  2. ^ San Remo Resolution
  3. ^ The Palestine Order in LoN Council - Mandatory order (10 August 1922)
  4. ^ Sergio I. Minerbi, The Vatican and Zionism: Conflict in the Holy Land, 1895-1925 (ISBN 0-19-505892-5)
  5. ^ Catherine Nicault, "The End of the French Religious Protectorate in Jerusalem (1918-1924)" (Bulletin du Centre de recherche français à Jérusalem, No. 4, March 1999, p. 77-92)