This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on a sulfur group of donors with a disulfide as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is glutathione:protein-disulfide oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include glutathione-insulin transhydrogenase, insulin reductase, reductase, protein disulfide (glutathione), protein disulfide transhydrogenase, glutathione-protein disulfide oxidoreductase, protein disulfide reductase (glutathione), GSH-insulin transhydrogenase, protein-disulfide interchange enzyme, protein-disulfide isomerase/oxidoreductase, thiol:protein-disulfide oxidoreductase, and thiol-protein disulphide oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in glutathione metabolism.
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Kohnert KD, Hahn HJ, Zuhlke H, Schmidt S, Fiedler H (1974). "Breakdown of exogenous insulin by Langerhans islets of the pancreas in vitro". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 338: 68–77. doi:10.1016/0304-4165(74)90336-5.