Protein arginine methyltransferase 5

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Available structures
PDBOrtholog search: PDBe RCSB
AliasesPRMT5, HRMT1L5, IBP72, JBP1, SKB1, SKB1Hs, Protein arginine methyltransferase 5, HSL7
External IDsOMIM: 604045 MGI: 1351645 HomoloGene: 4454 GeneCards: PRMT5
EC number2.1.1.321
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 14 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 14 (human)[1]
Chromosome 14 (human)
Genomic location for PRMT5
Genomic location for PRMT5
Band14q11.2Start22,920,525 bp[1]
End22,929,408 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE PRMT5 217786 at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)


RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC)Chr 14: 22.92 – 22.93 MbChr 14: 54.51 – 54.52 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Protein arginine N-methyltransferase 5 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PRMT5 gene.[5][6] PRMT5 symmetrically dimethylates H2AR3, H4R3, H3R2, and H3R8 in vivo, all of which are linked to a range of transcriptional regulatory events.[7]

PRMT5 is a highly conserved arginine methyltransferase that translocated from the cytoplasm to the nucleus at embryonic day ~E8.5, and during preimplantation development at the ~4-cell stage.[8]

Model organisms[edit]

Model organisms have been used in the study of PRMT5 function. A conditional knockout mouse line, called Prmt5tm2a(EUCOMM)Wtsi[14][15] was generated as part of the International Knockout Mouse Consortium program — a high-throughput mutagenesis project to generate and distribute animal models of disease to interested scientists.[16][17][18]

Male and female animals underwent a standardized phenotypic screen to determine the effects of deletion.[12][19] Twenty five tests were carried out on mutant mice and two significant abnormalities were observed.[12] No homozygous mutant embryos were identified during gestation, and therefore none survived until weaning. The remaining tests were carried out on heterozygous mutant adult mice but no further abnormalities were observed.[12]

A conditional allele of Prmt5 in the mouse limb shows that it is essential for maintaining a progenitor population, as conditional mutants have limb defects [20]


Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 has been shown to interact with:


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000100462 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000023110 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ Gilbreth M, Yang P, Bartholomeusz G, Pimental RA, Kansra S, Gadiraju R, Marcus S (Jan 1999). "Negative regulation of mitosis in fission yeast by the shk1 interacting protein skb1 and its human homolog, Skb1Hs". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 95 (25): 14781–6. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.25.14781. PMC 24526. PMID 9843966.
  6. ^ "Entrez Gene: PRMT5 protein arginine methyltransferase 5".
  7. ^ Stopa N, Krebs JE, Shechter D (June 2015). "The PRMT5 arginine methyltransferase: many roles in development, cancer and beyond". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. 72 (11): 2041–59. doi:10.1007/s00018-015-1847-9. PMC 4430368. PMID 25662273.
  8. ^ Kim S, Gunesdogan, U, Zylicz JJ, Hackett, JA, Cougot, D, Bao, S, Lee, C, Dietmann, S, Allen, GE, Sngupta, R, Surani MA (Nov 2014). "PRMT5 Protects Genomic Integrity during Global DNA Demethylation in Primordial Germ Cells and Preimplantation Embryos". Molecular Cell. 56 (4): 564–579. doi:10.1016/j.molcel.2014.10.003. PMC 4250265. PMID 25457166.
  9. ^ "Haematology data for Prmt5". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  10. ^ "Salmonella infection data for Prmt5". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  11. ^ "Citrobacter infection data for Prmt5". Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  12. ^ a b c d Gerdin AK (2010). "The Sanger Mouse Genetics Programme: High throughput characterisation of knockout mice". Acta Ophthalmologica. 88: 925–7. doi:10.1111/j.1755-3768.2010.4142.x.
  13. ^ Mouse Resources Portal, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
  14. ^ "International Knockout Mouse Consortium".
  15. ^ "Mouse Genome Informatics".
  16. ^ Skarnes WC, Rosen B, West AP, Koutsourakis M, Bushell W, Iyer V, Mujica AO, Thomas M, Harrow J, Cox T, Jackson D, Severin J, Biggs P, Fu J, Nefedov M, de Jong PJ, Stewart AF, Bradley A (2011). "A conditional knockout resource for the genome-wide study of mouse gene function". Nature. 474 (7351): 337–342. doi:10.1038/nature10163. PMC 3572410. PMID 21677750.
  17. ^ Dolgin E (2011). "Mouse library set to be knockout". Nature. 474 (7351): 262–3. doi:10.1038/474262a. PMID 21677718.
  18. ^ Collins FS, Rossant J, Wurst W (2007). "A Mouse for All Reasons". Cell. 128 (1): 9–13. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.12.018. PMID 17218247.
  19. ^ van der Weyden L, White JK, Adams DJ, Logan DW (2011). "The mouse genetics toolkit: revealing function and mechanism". Genome Biol. 12 (6): 224. doi:10.1186/gb-2011-12-6-224. PMC 3218837. PMID 21722353.
  20. ^ Norrie JL, Li Q, Co S, Huang BL, Ding D, Uy JC, et al. (December 2016). "PRMT5 is essential for the maintenance of chondrogenic progenitor cells in the limb bud". Development. 143 (24): 4608–4619. doi:10.1242/dev.140715. PMC 5201029. PMID 27827819.
  21. ^ a b Friesen WJ, Wyce A, Paushkin S, Abel L, Rappsilber J, Mann M, Dreyfuss G (Mar 2002). "A novel WD repeat protein component of the methylosome binds Sm proteins". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (10): 8243–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.M109984200. PMID 11756452.
  22. ^ Krapivinsky G, Pu W, Wickman K, Krapivinsky L, Clapham DE (May 1998). "pICln binds to a mammalian homolog of a yeast protein involved in regulation of cell morphology". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (18): 10811–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.18.10811. PMID 9556550.
  23. ^ a b Friesen WJ, Paushkin S, Wyce A, Massenet S, Pesiridis GS, Van Duyne G, Rappsilber J, Mann M, Dreyfuss G (Dec 2001). "The methylosome, a 20S complex containing JBP1 and pICln, produces dimethylarginine-modified Sm proteins". Mol. Cell. Biol. 21 (24): 8289–300. doi:10.1128/MCB.21.24.8289-8300.2001. PMC 99994. PMID 11713266.
  24. ^ Pollack BP, Kotenko SV, He W, Izotova LS, Barnoski BL, Pestka S (Oct 1999). "The human homologue of the yeast proteins Skb1 and Hsl7p interacts with Jak kinases and contains protein methyltransferase activity". J. Biol. Chem. 274 (44): 31531–42. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.44.31531. PMID 10531356.
  25. ^ Kwak YT, Guo J, Prajapati S, Park KJ, Surabhi RM, Miller B, Gehrig P, Gaynor RB (Apr 2003). "Methylation of SPT5 regulates its interaction with RNA polymerase II and transcriptional elongation properties". Mol. Cell. 11 (4): 1055–66. doi:10.1016/s1097-2765(03)00101-1. PMID 12718890.
  26. ^ Guderian G, Peter C, Wiesner J, Sickmann A, Schulze-Osthoff K, Fischer U, Grimmler M (Jan 2011). "RioK1, a new interactor of protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), competes with pICln for binding and modulates PRMT5 complex composition and substrate specificity". J Biol Chem. 286 (3): 1976–86. doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.148486. PMC 3023494. PMID 21081503.

Further reading[edit]