Proterius of Alexandria
|St Proterius of Alexandria|
|Venerated in||Eastern Orthodoxy|
Hieromartyr Proterius of Alexandria (died 457) was Patriarch of Alexandria from 451 to 457.
Proterius was elected by the Council of Chalcedon in 451 to replace Dioscorus of Alexandria, who had been deposed as Patriarch by the same council (cf. Evagrius Scholasticus, Ecclesiastical History, book 2, chapter 5 ).
His accession marks the beginning of the Schism of 451 between the Coptic Orthodox and the Greek Orthodox patriarchs of Alexandria, which has never been completely resolved. Because the church of Alexandria was largely anti-Chalcedonian, the deposition of Dioscorus, an anti-Chalcedonian, from the Patriarchate, and the elevation of Proterius, a Chalcedonian, to it, was violently opposed. Finally in 457 the anti-Chalcedonian party in Alexandria elected Timothy Aelurus as Patriarch of Alexandria, in opposition to Proterius, who was either subsequently martyred by a Coptic mob (Evagrius Scholasticus, 2, 8 ) or murdered by the Byzantine garrison in Alexandria (Zachariah of Mitylene, 4,1-3 ).
He is regarded as a Saint by the Eastern Orthodox Church. He is not recognized as a Pope by the Coptic Orthodox, who instead recognize Dioscorus and Timothy as having been the legitimate Popes during this time. (Coptic Orthodox Church Network, Popes Chronology ).
- Pearse, Roger. "Zachariah of Mitylene, Syriac Chronicle (1899). Book 4". www.tertullian.org. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
- Meyendorff, John (1989). Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A.D. The Church in history. 2. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press.
- "Proterius (451–457)". Official web site of the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa. Retrieved 2011-02-07.
- St Proterius of Alexandria Orthodox Synaxarion
|Eastern Orthodox Church titles|
| Greek Patriarch of Alexandria
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