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Temporal range: L-M Ordovician
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Nautiloidea
Order: Endocerida
Family: Endoceratidae
Genus: Proterovaginoceras
Reudemann, 1905

Proterovaginoceras (Ancient Greek for "earlier shield horn") is a medium to large sized[ambiguous] endocerid (endocone-bearing orthoconic nautiliod) from the Early and Middle Ordovician included in the family Endoceratidae.

Proterovaginoceras has a straight shell with a circular cross section, straight sutures, and a ventral to central, nanno-type, siphuncle which fills the entire apical part of the shell. Septal necks are macrochoanitic, up to two camerae (chambers) long; connecting rings, one chamber in length line the inside of the necks. Endocones are long and slender, fill the entire bulbous, nanno-end, of the siphuncle.

Proterovaginoceras was named by Reudemann in 1905. Dideroceras Flower 1950 and Chisloceras Gortani 1934 are probably synonymous equivalents.


  • Tiechert,C. 1964. Endoceratoidea. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part K. Endoceratoidea, Actinoceratoidea, Nautiloidea. Geological Soc. of America and Univ Kansas Press.
  • Proterovaginoceras in Paleobiology Database