Protests against Executive Order 13769

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Protesters holding signs outside John F. Kennedy International Airport's Terminal 4

During the protests against Executive Order 13769, also referred to as the protests against Donald Trump's travel ban or protests against Trump's Muslim ban, thousands of people gathered at various airports in the United States and around the world to prevent the returning of refugees and other visitors from seven countries considered unsafe.[1] According to various sources, more than 2,000 people were at the protest at John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York City[2][3] with other protests appearing at significant international airports and other important sites around the United States. Protests continued daily and internationally through February 6.[4][5][6][7] Protests also continued after a federal judge issued a temporary restraining order against parts of the travel ban.[8]

Background[edit]

On January 27, President Trump signed an executive order which created a suspension of admissions of all refugees entering the United States for 120 days and an indefinite block for Syrian refugees.[9] The order also blocks citizens from Iran, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen from entering the U.S. for 90 days.[9] Green card holders from these countries are also affected.[10]

Approximately 27 air passengers coming into airports around the United States were either detained or sent home on January 28.[10] By January 29, an estimated 375 travelers have been affected by the order.[11] Two Iraqi detainees were released from the JFK airport and as of 6 pm Eastern Time, 11 detainees remained.[10] On January 29, there were still two detainees left inside the airport.[12] One detainee at the JFK airport was Hameed Jhalid Darweesh, who is an Iraqi interpreter for the United States Army.[13] Darweesh was held for twelve hours without being allowed to see his lawyers.[14] Two elderly and disabled Iranian citizens with green cards were detained for hours at Washington Dulles International Airport.[15] President Trump told the Christian Broadcasting Network (CBN) that Christian refugees will be given priority in terms of refugee status in the United States.[16]

Protests[edit]

The first protest started at New York City's John F. Kennedy International Airport.[17] Protests quickly started at other airports nationwide, including Chicago's O'Hare International Airport,[18] Los Angeles International Airport (LAX),[19] San Francisco International Airport,[18][20] Seattle's SeaTac Airport,[21] and in airports in Indianapolis, Boston, Denver, Albuquerque,[22] Hartford,[23][24] Newark,[25] Albany, New York,[26] and San Diego.[27] Also planned were Atlanta, Houston, Las Vegas,[28] Orlando, Greenville and Philadelphia.[25]

Protesters were mobilized mainly through the use of social media.[29]

Protests and walk outs have continued through February 2. On February 2, thousands of Comcast employees in Portland, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia and Sunnyvale walked off the job in protest of the executive order.[30]

A later series of protests occurred in Europe and Asia on February 4th.[31]

New York City[edit]

'Trump Immigration Order Sparks Protests at NY Airport' report from Voice of America

The protest started January 28, with a small group[17] of around thirty people[32] sometime near 11 a.m. EST.[33] Protesters gathered in front of Terminal 4, where international arrivals take place.[13] As advocacy groups, such as the New York Immigration Coalition, called out to protestors on social media, the crowd grew.[28] The protestors were gathered to denounce Trump's executive order and to show support for refugees and immigrants.[34] The demonstration became large enough by sunset that it spread into the parking deck near the terminal.[17] Demonstrators brought signs, chanted slogans and called the action a "Muslim ban".[28] The protesters marched from terminal to terminal.[35] Throughout the day, state representatives, Nydia Velázquez and Jerry Nadler were present to help constituents affected by the ban.[32]

A companion protest sprang up on Staten Island in the evening, taking place in Port Richmond.[36] Another protest took place at Battery Park on Sunday. Chelsea Clinton was one of the protesters at that location.[37] There were several thousand protestors at Battery Park.[38] Protests continued at the JFK airport on Sunday as well.[32]

Nydia Velazquez and Jerry Nadler giving a press conference at the protest.

Other groups involved in the protest included Make the Road New York, Jews for Racial and Economic Justice (JFREJ), Black Latino Asian Caucus members.[39] The Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS) was also involved in the protests, having expressed anger that the executive order, which would have harm the prospects of Muslim refugees, was signed on International Holocaust Remembrance Day, and groups of Jews broke Sabbath to join the protests.[40][41] From 6–7pm, taxi drivers of the New York Taxi Workers Alliance (NYTWA) stopped picking up passengers at the JFK airport in protest of those detained.[42][43] Uber of New York briefly saw a surge in pricing because of the taxi boycott.[44] In the evening, the police were turning away anyone without airplane tickets from using the AirTrain.[17] After 8pm, Governor Andrew Cuomo asked that people be allowed to board the Air Train once again.[17]

Late in the evening on January 28, Ann Donnelly, a Federal District court judge in Brooklyn for the Eastern District of New York,[9] blocked part of the executive order, "providing immediate relief to dozens stranded at airports around the country."[45] In the U.S. District Courts in Seattle and Virginia, similar rulings were made.[45] This emergency stay will allow affected individuals with valid visas to stay in the US.[46] However, lawyers from the American Civil Liberties Union and Zachary Manfredi from Yale's Worker and Immigrant Rights Advocacy Clinic caution that individuals detained at the airports could still be transferred to different detention facilities.[46] Reports coming from midnight, January 28, indicated that Legal Aid lawyers were still not given access to clients being held inside of JFK.[35] In Brooklyn, demonstrators waited outside the Federal District court as the case was being decided.[9] Additionally, two Iraqi men who had been detained have filed lawsuits on January 28 against both Trump and the United States government over the issue.[39][a]

President Donald Trump was quoted as saying that his executive order's ban is "working out very nicely. You see it at the airports, you see it all over."[47] Former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani said that President Trump came to him for guidance over the ruling which Giuliani described as a "Muslim ban".[48]

Atlanta[edit]

On January 29, around 2,000 people gathered outside of the domestic terminal at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport to protest the ban and the detention of 11 airplane passengers taken into custody the previous day.[49] The detained individuals included a 10-year-old girl and an elderly woman. Civil rights activist John Lewis participated in the protest. Atlanta mayor Kasim Reed was also on site to speak to the media, although he did not join the demonstration. During the protest, Reed announced that the 11 people detained at the airport had been released.[50][51]

California[edit]

Protests in San Francisco; in the image a boy can be seen with the flag of Yemen in support of the Muslim community of Yemen and other countries affected by the executive order.

The protest in Los Angeles initially saw around 200 protesters on Saturday.[3] Protesters marched and chanted, growing to 400 people by 7:30pm, when word came in that Federal judges had placed a stay on the executive order.[52] Seven people had been detained in the LAX because of the executive order.[53] Attorneys specializing in immigration law created a "makeshift office" in the Bradley Terminal to help travelers in need.[53] The protest at the Los Angeles International Airport grew to thousands of people who filled the Tom Bradley International Terminal and spilling out to the street.[54] The local ABC News station stated that around 4,000 protesters were there to protest again on Sunday.[55] A smaller group of counter-protesters also showed up at the airport, and the resulting clash caused the road next to Terminal 3 to be shut down for an hour.[56] Later on Sunday, World Way was blocked when protesters sat down and refused to move until all people detained in the airport were released.[57] By 10pm, 2 protesters were arrested for blocking traffic, then cited and released.[57] Los Angeles mayor, Eric Garcetti, promised that Los Angeles would be a refuge for all people.[56] Because of the protest, some travelers leaving Los Angeles missed their flights.[58]

On Sunday, protesters in Sacramento started demonstrating in Terminal B of the Sacramento International Airport.[59] The city's mayor, Darrell Steinberg, was on hand and said, "Mr. Trump, we will fight you every step of the way."[59] Some Sacramento protesters were heckled by those who agreed with the executive order.[60]

At the San Francisco International Airport (SFO), around 1,000 protesters showed up in support of refugees.[61] Initially, US Customs and Border Protection denied holding any travellers at the airport.[62] Five travellers had been detained and each was released by Sunday afternoon.[63] The protest blocked the International arrival area in front of the airport and closed the street.[64] California Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom and Google co-founder Sergey Brin attended the SFO protest.[65] Around 60 people had gathered by 6am Sunday morning to demonstrate at SFO.[66] By noon the crowd had returned to its earlier size of around 1,000 protesters.[63]

San Diego saw two days of protest at the San Diego International Airport.[67] On Sunday there were around 1,000 protesters at Terminal 2 around 5pm.[67]

Protesters at Google's headquarters in Mountain View, California. Waymo's self-driving cars appear in the foreground.

On January 30 about 2,000 employees of Google staged a protest in the company's headquarters, Googleplex in Mountain View, as well as seven of its other offices.[68][69][70][71]

On February 4, thousands of protesters attended a rally at San Francisco Civic Center.[72]

Chicago[edit]

Protestors at Chicago's O'Hare International Airport

In Chicago, hundreds of protesters showed up at O'Hare International Airport to protest the detention of 17 travelers.[73] By Saturday night, there were more than a thousand people present and traffic was shut down near Terminal 5.[74] Eighteen travelers had been detained Saturday; all were finally released.[75] On Sunday, at least another 50 were kept for additional questioning.[74] Mayor Rahm Emanuel, Representatives Jan Schakowsky and Elaine Nekritz were there to support the demonstration.[75] Protests at O'Hare slowed down somewhat during the day on Sunday only to begin again both inside and outside around 6pm.[75] By 7pm, there were hundreds of protesters at the airport.[74]

Detroit[edit]

Protestors in Detroit

People and organizations in Detroit organized a protest on January 29 at the Metropolitan Airport which drew an estimated 2,500 prostestors.[76][77] Hundreds turned out in protests in the nearby suburbs of Dearborn and Hamtramck, which have significant Muslim American and immigrant populations.[77] Protesters demonstrated as snow fell and the Detroit Free Press reported that their voices "could be above the roar of jet engines."[78] The airport's Authority Public Safety team coordinated with protest organizers to ensure that the protest would be safe and that the demonstrators could be heard. No one was arrested.[79]

Indianapolis[edit]

In Indianapolis, author John Green, Representative Andre Carson, and Senator Joe Donnelly attended a protest at Indianapolis International Airport.[23]

Maine[edit]

On January 29, more than 2,000 protesters, including the mayor and other officials and politicians, gathered at the airport in Portland to protest the travel ban. A smaller rally was also held in Bangor.[80]

Massachusetts[edit]

Mayor Marty Walsh and Senator Elizabeth Warren joined the protest in Boston at the Logan International Airport.[27]

In Cambridge at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), around 200 students staged a demonstration on Sunday in solidarity with classmates like engineering student, Niki Mossafer Rahmati, who were affected by the ban.[81]

Ohio[edit]

Around 1,000 protesters in Cleveland demonstrated at the Cleveland Hopkins International Airport on Sunday.[82]

On Monday, January 30, protesters against the executive order in Columbus were sprayed with pepper spray by police when they would not disperse.[4] There were hundreds of demonstrators on Monday night which started at the Statehouse.[83]

Orlando[edit]

1,000 people held a demonstration at 1:30 PM inside the Orlando International Airport's Terminal B.[84] The demonstration included Florida State Representatives Carlos Guillermo Smith and Amy Mercado. Although there was a significant police presence, there were no incidents, arrests, or disruptions of any airport activities. This was the first demonstration ever staged at the Orlando International Airport. One Iranian and two Syrians were held by customs officers at the airport for roughly seven hours.[85]

Philadelphia[edit]

Protestors in Philadelphia

4,000 to 5,000 people held a demonstration between 2:00 and 5:00 PM at Philadelphia International Airport's Terminal A.[86] Speakers included U.S. Representative Bob Brady, members of Philadelphia City Council, and airport employees. The demonstration had the support of Governor Tom Wolf who had met with Syrian refugee families whose relatives had been sent back to the Middle East after over the weekend. Others detained at the airport were released during the protests.[87]

Portland, Oregon[edit]

On Saturday, there were around 150 demonstrators inside the Portland International Airport (PDX).[88] While there was an ordinance against marching at the airport, no tickets had been issued by 4:15pm.[89] Portland also had around 400 protesters who gathered at the Terry Schrunk Plaza on Monday.[90] Monday's protest was organized by a group called Unite Oregon.[90] City commissioners, Amanda Fritz and Nick Fish, and staff from Senator Jeff Merkley's office attended.[90] During the Monday protest, a 20-year-old man was arrested for "brandishing a replica gun" while he was driving past the rally in his truck.[91] He was charged with second-degree disorderly conduct.[91]

Raleigh–Durham, North Carolina[edit]

There were around 1,500 protesters at the Raleigh Durham International Airport outside of Terminal 2 on Sunday.[92]

Seattle[edit]

The protest in Seattle on January 28 grew to more than 3,000 protesters was supported at an on-site news conference by numerous elected officials, including the state Governor Jay Inslee.[21][93][94] "Up to 13 people" were detained in the Seattle airport.[27] In Seattle, the Port police used pepper spray on crowds and around 15 people were arrested.[95]

Link light rail service to the airport's station was halted for 30 minutes during the protest at the request of Port of Seattle Police. It was later restored by Sound Transit, the service's owner, amid criticism that the request limited the freedom of assembly at the airport, a public space.[96][97] On January 30, Sound Transit and transit operator King County Metro formalized a new protocol requiring future requests from law enforcement to suspend service be approved by the CEO or general manager as a result of the shutdown.[98]

On Monday, January 30, Google workers in Seattle walked out of work in protest against the ban.[99]

Texas[edit]

Protestors in San Antonio, Texas

On Sunday afternoon, hundreds of protesters demonstrated at the Austin-Bergstrom International Airport.[100] It was estimated that there were between 300 and 400 people at the protest.[100]

There were over 800 protesters at the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.[27] The airport had detained 13 travelers,[101] one of whom was an elderly woman and green card holder from Iran who was kept in the airport overnight.[102] Another 800 protesters arrived Sunday to continue to protest Trump's executive order.[101] Nine detainees were released to their families off-site on Sunday, January 29. Dallas mayor Mike Rawlings, who had previously expressed concern over the detention, met with the travellers and expressed apologies on behalf of the people of Dallas.[103]

The city of El Paso hosted a small demonstration of around 30 people on Sunday at the El Paso International Airport in a protest organized by Muslims of El Paso and Friends.[104]

In Houston, protests took place around the city over the course of the weekend.[105] On January 28, demonstrators went to George Bush Intercontinental Airport to protest.[106] On Sunday, protesters filled the George Bush Intercontinental Airport to capacity.[107] More than 1,000 people marched near Discovery Green (which at the time hosted Super Bowl Live) to demonstrate against the executive order.[107][108] Further protests took place during Super Bowl weekend.[109]

Washington, D.C.[edit]

Demonstrators in Washington, D.C.

The Governor of Virginia, Terry McAuliffe, joined the protest at Dulles International Airport on Saturday.[25] Senator Cory Booker was also at the protest at the Dulles International Airport.[27] Rabbi Jack Moline, president of the Interfaith Alliance, also joined the protest.[73] The advocacy group, CASA, helped bring in dozens of protesters.[3]

Protesters continued to demonstrate at Dulles and other protesters demonstrated outside the White House on Sunday.[110] Senators Kamala Harris and Catherine Cortez Masto were at the protests.[111] Other protesters demonstrated outside of the Trump International Hotel.[110]

On Monday evening, Democrats demonstrated outside of the United States Supreme Court Building in opposition to the executive order.[112] House Minority Leader, Nancy Pelosi, Senators Chuck Schumer, Joe Manchin, Cory Booker, Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders, Jeff Merkley and Al Franken along with Representatives Jerrold Nadler, Nydia Velázquez, Andre Carson, and Joseph Crowley spoke at the rally.[113]

Germany[edit]

A crowd of around 1,200 protesters against Trump marched on February 4, 2017 through the city of Berlin. The protest rallied in front of the U.S. Embassy and near the Brandenburg Gate.[8] The Los Angeles Times reported that "Trump's actions and tough talk on a number of issues in his first two weeks have deeply unsettled many Germans."[8] The protest was organized by a group called The Coalition and also targeted Trump's planned wall between Mexico and the United States.[114]

United Kingdom[edit]

Protests in Whitehall, London, 30 January 2017

A mass protest in London was scheduled for Monday evening, with 9,000 people registering on Facebook and another 16,000 stating they were interested in attending.[115] Owen Jones was one of the organisers of the event which protested the executive order.[116] Protesters also asked that a recent invitation to President Trump to visit the UK be rescinded.[117] The march towards Downing Street began around 6pm.[118] The march packed Westminster station and brought Whitehall to a "standstill."[116] Thousands of protesters joined the demonstration.[119]

Around 3,000 people attended the Manchester demonstration.[119] Crowds also attended protests in Glasgow, Edinburgh, Cardiff, Newcastle, Sheffield, Oxford, Cambridge, Brighton, Gloucester, Leeds, York, Liverpool, Leicester[119] , where Yasmin Surti said that "this sends out a powerful message to Mr Trump that people of all colours and creeds are as one in Leicester".

At group of around 300 people gathered to protest in January in Hastings. One speaker, Dominic Buxton said that "we will not let Trump divide us".[120]

On February 4, 2017, around 10,000 people protested in London against May's support of Trump.[31]

Other responses[edit]

Protest in Tehran, Iran, 10 February 2017

In opposition to the executive order, over 350,000 people acted by donating to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) who had been protecting individual rights.[121] The organization collected more money over the weekend of January 28 than it did during all of 2016.[121] Lyft was one of the companies that donated, giving $1 million to the ACLU.[44] Because Uber was seen as acting as strike-breakers during the New York taxi strike and also because Uber's CEO, Travis Kalanick, had agreed to serve on an economic advisory panel for Trump, many protesters are boycotting Uber and using Lyft or traditional taxi service instead.[122]

Starbucks pledged to hire 10,000 refugees worldwide over the next five years as a response to the executive order.[123]

On January 28, writer Eoin Higgins called for using the momentum of the JFK protests as a prelude to a general strike.[124]

Small businesses and bodegas in New York City owned by Yemeni immigrants closed from noon to 8pm on February 2 in protest against the executive order.[5] It was expected that more than a thousand businesses would be shut down.[125] In the evening, many of the business owners and supporters demonstrated at Brooklyn Borough Hall.[126]

The United Talent Agency (UTA) cancelled its annual Oscars party to protest the travel ban.[127] The amount to be spent on the party, $250,000, was donated to the ACLU instead.[127]

Reactions[edit]

Former United States President, Barack Obama, publicly stated that he disagreed with the travel ban and was "heartened by the level of engagement taking place in communities around the country."[128] In response, Larry Klayman sued Obama, alleging his comments incited a protestor at the Los Angeles International Airport.[129]

Impact[edit]

Muslims in New York City had reported feeling supported by the protests and more a part of the community.[130] In the United Kingdom, Muslims also "appreciated the show of solidarity."[117]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

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