Page move-protected

Protests over responses to the COVID-19 pandemic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Protests over responses to the COVID-19 pandemic
Part of the COVID-19 pandemic and the responses of the outbreak in the world
Canadian COVID-19 protesters (cropped).jpg
An anti-lockdown protest at Queen's Park, Toronto, on 25 April 2020
Date15 March 2020[1]ongoing
(1 year, 1 month and 1 day)
Location
Worldwide
Caused byOpposition to government responses to the COVID-19 pandemic
GoalsRevocation of protective measures against Covid 19 and anti-mask laws; increased relief aid; discouragement of vaccine takeup
Methods

There have been protests and demonstrations around the world against responses to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic by governmental bodies. Some forms of protests have been compared to the Anti-Mask League of San Francisco movement that was seen during the 1918 pandemic.[2] Various strikes have also occurred.

Africa[edit]

Ivory Coast[edit]

Protesters have destroyed a coronavirus testing centre that was being built in Abidjan, which they said was in a crowded residential area too close to their homes.[3]

Kenya[edit]

The Kenyan government has been accused of extreme measures, with protesters accusing the Kenyan Police of killing at least six people within the first 10 days of the lockdown. Others protested against the forced quarantine of individuals failing to comply with regulations or returning home from abroad, claiming that they had been quarantined for longer than 14 days and made to pay the government for their care.[4] Hundreds protested on 8 May 2020 when the government destroyed 7,000 homes and a market in Kariobangi in an effort to control the virus.[5]

Malawi[edit]

A Malawi high court temporarily barred the government from implementing a 21-day lockdown after it was challenged by the Human Rights Defenders Coalition, after it was argued that more consultation was needed to prevent harm to the poorest and most vulnerable. Small protests had been staged prior to the ruling, in at least three major cities with some protesters stating it was better to contract the virus than die of hunger due to lack of work.[6]

Nigeria[edit]

A group of at least twenty coronavirus patients forced their way out of an isolation facility to protest against alleged improper care and the government's actions which they believed to worsen their conditions.[7] Workers at a construction site rioted against lockdown measures that limited their ability to work on constructing an oil refinery for billionaire Aliko Dangote.[8]

Rwanda[edit]

Refugees that had been relocated to the country from an overcrowded refugee camp in Libya, protested against the lockdown from the refugee camp in the capital Kigali.[9]

South Africa[edit]

Many residents protested against the policy that food parcel aid would only be going to households that earn below R3600, and demanded action from the South African Social Security Agency.[10] Surfers have also protested to be allowed to surf during the lockdown, that allows exercise but not water activities.[11]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Three young, female opposition activists were reported missing following a protest in Harare, Zimbabwe, over COVID-19 lockdown measures on 15 May 2020. They were later treated at a hospital after asserting they had been abducted and sexually abused by suspected state security agents.[12]

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

Small shop owners protested the continuation of rent charges outside of the Grand Ocean Department Store in Wuhan, chanting "Exempt rental for a year, or refund the lease". Videos from the demonstration were posted in the social media platform Sina Weibo but quickly censored.[13] A woman was arrested and facing criminal charges after attempting to rally about 100 people to protest the poor management and overpriced provisions during the lockdown. She has been charged with "picking quarrels and provoking trouble" an offense normally used to detain dissidents and social activists.[14]

Hong Kong[edit]

Protest against plans to set up designated coronavirus clinics near residential areas in Hong Kong on 15 February 2020

Pro-democratic movement's tactics were repurposed to pressure the government to take stronger actions to safeguard Hong Kong's public health in the face of the coronavirus outbreak in Hong Kong. Protesters demanded all travellers coming from China be banned from entering Hong Kong. From 3 to 7 February 2020, hospital staff launched a labour strike with the same goal. The strike was not successful as Carrie Lam rejected a full border closure and still left three of the 14 crossing points with China open.

People responded negatively to the government's attempt to set up quarantine and clinical centres in neighbourhoods close to residents and marched to express their discontent or blocked roads to thwart the government's plans across the territory.

India[edit]

After the televised announcement by Prime Minister Narendra Modi that the lockdown was to be extended until at least 3 May, police used batons to disperse protesting migrant workers in Mumbai. Thousands of jobless migrant workers had gathered at railway stations and were demanding to be allowed to break the lockdown to return home.[15] Similar protests were seen in other parts of the country by the workers, and those who claimed that they received no aid which was promised by the government to provide them with during the lockdown period.[16]

Indonesia[edit]

On 5 October 2020, Indonesia has passed a law on job creation that will weaken environmental protections and workers’ rights in an attempt to boost the economy hit hard by the Wuhan pneumonia pandemic.[17] On 6 October, thousands of Indonesians protest in industrial areas around Jakarta including Tangerang and Karawang and on Batam. A three-day national strike was started which unions expected to involve two million workers in protest against the law.[18]

Israel[edit]

Thousands of Israelis engaged in social distancing while gathering to protest against the believed anti-democratic measures in the country by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Many were involved in the Black Flag movement which had been allowed to protest by police if they stood six feet apart and all wore masks. An earlier protest had seen the protesters drive to Jerusalem to protest anti-democratic measures.[19] Other demonstrations have been seen in the ultra-Orthodox Jerusalem neighborhood of Mea Shearim with men and youths throwing rocks at police before being arrested.[20] Riots broke out in Bnei Brak with crowds vandalizing property and throwing rocks against police attempts to clear yeshiva classes and religious gatherings being held in violation of lockdown rules.[21]

Iraq[edit]

Protests against the lockdown have been coupled with the ongoing protests against the current government and female-targeting violence within the country.[22][23]

Lebanon[edit]

Many protesters argued for monetary relief from the countries slumping economy after weeks of the lockdown.[23] At least one demonstrator died after soldiers used tear gas, batons, and live bullets to disperse a protesters in Tripoli who were throwing molotov cocktails.[24] Protesters also congregated in Beirut outside the central bank and threw rocks at the building, and took over major roads as they claimed there wasn't enough done to protect the economy and those that would suffer the most economically.[25]

Pakistan[edit]

Dozens of doctors were arrested in Quetta after protesting the lack of safety equipment that they had been given to battle the spread of the disease.[26] Hundreds of laborers protested against their forced layoffs due to the pandemic by gathering outside their old places of work throughout the city of Karachi.[27]

Parents of students who had been studying abroad in the Chinese province of Hubei protested against the government's decision to leave the children in the area in February 2020.[28]

Philippines[edit]

Spontaneous demonstrations were held on 1 April 2020 by a Quezon City urban poor community to protest lack of food and other assistance during the metropolitan-wide COVID-19 lockdown.[29] Police violently dispersed protesters and arrested 21 people.[30] The city mayor and a Congress representative appealed to police to release those arrested.[30]

In May 2020, journalist and individuals protested the cease and desist order that led to the shutdown of media giant ABS-CBN, a situation that jeopardized more than 11,000 jobs and prevented the broadcast of vital information about the pandemic. More protests were held after the House of Representatives junked ABS-CBN's application for a legislative franchise.

Jeepney drivers rendered jobless by the COVID-19 emergency protested in Caloocan on 3 June 2020. Six protesters were arrested and jailed for a few days to one week.[31]

Several groups held protests nationwide to coincide with the commemoration of Philippine Independence on 12 June 2020.[32] Among these was the "Grand Mañanita" protest at the University of the Philippines in Quezon City. The Grand Mañanita protested the government's response to the COVID-19 crisis and Congress' passage of a controversial anti-terror bill.[33]

Thailand[edit]

Demonstrations at the Democracy Monument, Bangkok at night

On 18 July, Thailand saw the largest street demonstration since the 2014 Thai coup d'état at the Democracy Monument in Bangkok with around 2,500 protesters. The protesters, organised under the name Free Youth (Thai: เยวชนปลดแอก; RTGSyaowachon plod aek), announced three demands: dissolution of the House, stop threatening the people and drafting of a new constitution. The event was triggered by the failed economy due to pandemic, and unjustified implementation of the COVID-19 acts that were heavily criticised as being a tool against any possible protest. The situation erupted after two COVID-19 cases; an Egyptian soldier in Rayong Province, and a Sudanese diplomat's daughter in Asok neighbourhood of Bangkok, were tested positive earlier on 15 July. Both were excepted from COVID-19's travel restrictions and containment. Many criticised on both the government's failure to contain the disease from these VIPs, and its failure to boost the heavily affected tourism industry in Rayong Province.[34][35] The protesters demanded the government to accept within two weeks, or face larger demonstrations.

Later on 19 July, several protests erupted in Chiang Mai Province and Ubon Ratchathani Province.[36]

Europe[edit]

Anti-lockdown demonstration in Rådhuspladsen, Copenhagen, 27 March 2021

Belgium[edit]

On 31 January 2021, police in Brussels said they had arrested more than 400 people to prevent a banned protest of anti-COVID-19 measures.[37]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

On 6 April 2021, anti-governmental protests were held by a group of citizens and activists in Bosnia and Herzegovina's capital Sarajevo in front of the Parliamentary Assembly and the Federal Government, seeking resignations from Chairman of the Council of Ministers Zoran Tegeltija and Federal Prime Minister Fadil Novalić, due to lack of leadership during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bosnia and Herzegovina and late procurement of COVID-19 vaccines for the country.[38]

Bulgaria[edit]

On 30 March 2020 The Bulgarian Health Ministry issued an order that made not wearing a face mask in public punishable by law at a time when no masks were available for purchasing in the country. After strong public unrest, the order was recalled on the following day[39] and re-instated yet again later, with some modifications.[40] A small protest took place on 19 April 2020 in Sofia against the measures to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, with many of the participants expressing concerns about their livelihoods.[41] Protests with an anti-vax slant that also demanded the resignation of the government, organized by the Vazrazhdane party,[42] were held in May and June, resulting in a few arrests, but did not see a significant turnout.[43]

Public disapproval grew during the pandemic and reached a spontaneous culmination on 9 July 2020 after a police raid on the Presidency of Bulgaria in what was perceived as an attack against President Rumen Radev, a vocal critic of prime minister Boyko Borisov, who has been in power since 2009,[44] and the long-standing grievances against endemic corruption and state capture. Daily demonstrations have been held in the country's capital Sofia ever since.[45]

France[edit]

The Paris suburb Villeneuve-la-Garenne saw riots in April 2020, partly about the strains of the coronavirus outbreak and lockdown on working-class families, often immigrants, who live in small apartments in crowded public housing buildings. Many have reported that in poorer neighbourhoods the policies are difficult to follow due to over crowding and cause the neighbourhoods to be impacted more than wealthier Parisians. The demonstrations have since been seen in the suburb Hauts-de-Seine, and other French cities Toulouse, Lyon and Strasbourg.[46]

Germany[edit]

Protester with a "Free The Bee" placard during the COVID-19 protests in Berlin on 29 August 2020, near the Brandenburg Gate

Since April 2020, in Germany numerous protests against government policies over the COVID-19 pandemic have been held in several cities. A protest in Berlin on 29 August was estimated by authorities to have drawn 38,000 participants.[47]

Several of the protests in Germany, like the one of 29 August, were organized by the group Querdenken 711, based in Stuttgart. They consider the German corona restrictions to be disproportionate, but most of all they censure the violation of nine articles of the German Constitution by the German corona measures.[48][better source needed]

Anarchist anti conspiracy theory, anti-gentrification protest

At the 29 August demonstration in Berlin, one of the invited orators was Robert F. Kennedy Jr., lawyer and conspiracy theorist and nephew of the assassinated U.S. President John F. Kennedy. He warned the crowd that the COVID-19 measures being deployed in many countries might lead to the implementation of a surveillance state and global totalitarianism, and predicted that the Berlin protests would be discredited by news media as a "nazi" eruption.[47][49]

Anarchists, libertarian socialists and anti-fascists in Germany have been protesting what is seen as increased state control and surveillance. Focusing on increasing gentrification, wealth inequality, evictions and police measures. Anarchists have seen increasing evictions of anarchist communities and squats.[50][51][52]

Hungary[edit]

On 28 February 2021, around 3-5000 protesters gathered in the capital city of Budapest at Hősök tere to protest the lockdown regulations, and the illegitimate Constitution of 2012.

Ireland[edit]

Hundreds attended an anti-lockdown, anti-face mask protest in Dublin on 22 August 2020. The protest was organised by Health Freedom Ireland with support from Yellow Vest Ireland. Four people were arrested at the protest.[53] Another protest was organised by the same groups on 3 October, with up to a thousand protesters marching through the city centre before staging a sit-down protest in the main shopping area of Grafton Street.[54]

On 27 February 2021, violent clashes between protesters and An Garda Síochána erupted during an anti-lockdown protest near St Stephen's Green in Dublin. Three Gardaí were injured and 23 people were arrested in the aftermath of the protest. The Taoiseach Micheál Martin condemned the demonstration as "an unacceptable risk to both the public and Gardaí".[55] A non-violent anti-lockdown protest with approximately 450 people in attendance took place on 6 March in Cork. The event was organised by The People's Convention.[56] Six people were arrested on the day of the protest.[57]

Italy[edit]

Since the month of March 2020, many people started protesting over COVID-19 and the rules imposed by the Italian government.

Netherlands[edit]

On 24 January 2021, violent protests erupted as a reaction to the Dutch government decision to impose a curfew as a means to curb the spread of the COVID-19.[58][59] The curfew, imposed between 9 PM to 4:30 AM, was the first of its kind to be enacted in the country since the Second World War.[58][60] Protests took place in most major cities, including Amsterdam and Eindhoven. Police made hundreds of arrests and issued thousands of fines.[58][61][59] The Dutch Police Association described the riots at the worst violence in Netherlands in the last 40 years.[58] The protests have been described as being composed of mostly young men.[58][61]

An opinion poll by public broadcaster NOS indicated that the curfew was supported by seven out of 10 Dutch respondents, with just 18% of the population opposing it.[61]

Poland[edit]

Hundreds of protesters gathered in the Polish border town of Zgorzelec to protest the lockdown regulations, the protest was staged specifically on the foot bridge connecting Zgorzelec and the German town of Gorlitz as many lived in Poland but worked in Germany. Many protested the inability to cross the borders of the countries as they lived in a different country from where they worked, and similar protests were seen in border towns along the Polish-German border and the Polish-Czech border.[62] Freedom march (Marsz Wolności) happens every month, for example in Wrocław.[63]

Russia[edit]

Security forces broke up a crowd of about 2,000 individuals protesting against the lockdown in Vladikavkaz, with some detained and the believed organizer arrested prior to the event.[64] Some protesters at the event used their social media to post videos about their demands against the lockdown, with one stating; "Today, under the pretext of the coronavirus, which doesn't exist, people are driven into slavery, they are trying to establish total control over us all."[65]

Serbia[edit]

On 7 July, a riot began in Belgrade after the government's announcement of a curfew for the weekend. Protests began because of the government's continuous change in handling COVID-19 policy and alleged hiding of the number of COVID-19 cases in the country.

Spain[edit]

Thousands of people, mostly supporters of the far-right party Vox, attended protests in Madrid and the country's regional capitals over the lockdown and its impact on the Spanish economy. The protesters drove in convoys to adhere to social distancing, with the Madrid protest led by a bus containing Vox leader Santiago Abascal. Abascal called for the national government of Pedro Sánchez to resign over its handling of the virus.[66]

On 20 September 2020, thousands of people went out in protest throughout the Community of Madrid demanding the resignation of the regional government of Isabel Díaz Ayuso, after the latter had announced two days earlier a partial lockdown affecting 850,000 people living in the region's poorest areas which was dubbed as "segregationist" and fostering "stigmatisation, exclusion and territorial discrimination".[67] The protests came amid growing criticism of Ayuso's handling of the virus as "ineffective" and of her coalition government having "floundered" in its attempt to antagonize with Sánchez's government, as the region became the most heavily hit area in all of Europe in the second wave of the pandemic with many neighborhoods being near or above 1,000 cases per 100,000 people.[68]

Sweden[edit]

On 7 March 2021, an estimate of 300-500 people gathered at Medborgarplatsen in Stockholm to protest against COVID-19 measures.[69]

United Kingdom[edit]

The first protests against the national mandatory lockdown in the United Kingdom took place in April 2020, extending into the following month before abating as lockdown restrictions were slowly eased. As local area lockdown measures were reintroduced towards the end of summer, followed by stricter national lockdown measures, anti-lockdown protests resurged across the country beginning in September 2020. More than 55 protesters have been arrested in these events as of October 2020. Some protesters have claimed that COVID-19 is a hoax, and many refused to wear masks or practice social distancing.[70] Protests have occurred in Shrewsbury,[71] Glastonbury,[72] London, Manchester, Cardiff, Glasgow, Belfast,[73] Hove,[74] Birmingham,[75] Liverpool,[76] and a few other cities.

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Anti-lockdown protest in Vancouver, British Columbia, on 26 April 2020

In Canada, American imitation protests began on 19 April 2020 in Vancouver.[77][78] Protests also occurred in Toronto, Edmonton, and Ottawa.[79][80]

On 21 April 2020 it was reported that prisoners at the Saskatchewan Penitentiary had been protesting against restrictions placed upon them in response to COVID-19, like being kept in their cells for 20 hours a day.[81]

On 15 January 2021, Roman Baber, Member of Provincial Parliament for the Toronto riding of York Centre, was removed from the caucus of the governing Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario after publishing an open letter to Premier Doug Ford criticizing Ontario's lockdown restrictions. Baber continued his anti-lockdown advocacy as an independent member of the legislative opposition.[82][83][84]

Alberta[edit]

A group calling itself "Walk for Freedom" has been organizing anti-mask protests since at least April 2020.[85][86] Concerns were raised when several hundred protestors took part in a February 20, 2021 freedom convoy and Jericho Torch March at the Legislature organized by the "Walk for Freedom Alberta" and the "Freedom Unity Alliance".[87] Posters advertising the rally included an image of white nationalists marching through Charlottesville with Tiki torches in the 2017 US Unite the Right rally.[87][88][89][90] The group of hundreds of unmasked anti-lockdown protestors, carrying a Walk for Freedom banner included COVID-19 deniers.[91] Others were supporters of a pastor who was arrested for repeatedly refusing to comply to public health regulations, such as capping attendance, physical distancing and mask-wearing.[92][93] The Justice Centre for Constitutional Freedoms (JCCF), representing the pastor, had launched a legal charter challenge against the Alberta government.[94] The Mayor of Edmonton said that the rally organizers were from outside Edmonton and that they "may be associated with known hate groups. Edmonton unequivocally condemns racism, misogyny and other forms of hate—such speech is not welcome in our community."[95][91][96]

Mexico[edit]

On 29 April, police in Yajalón, Chiapas, southern Mexico, opened fire on people who were protesting against a checkpoint that left their community isolated. Residents of neighbouring Tumbalá complained that the checkpoint made it impossible for them to access governmental and banking services and that it seemed to be related to a belief that Tumbalá had a high rate of coronavirus infection. Checkpoints have been installed in about 20% of Mexico's municipalities, which the federal government has declared illegal.[97]

Hundreds of Mexicans participated in caravans on 30 May demanding the resignation of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador because of his handling of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico and the economy. The caravans, which took place in about a dozen cities across the country, consisted largely of luxury cars.[98]

Violence broke out on 4 June during demonstrations in Guadalajara, Jalisco to demand justice after the death of Giovanni López in the town of Ixtlahuacán de los Membrillos.[99] López, a 30-year-old mason, had been arrested on 4 May for not wearing a facemask during a lockdown and died the next day while in police custody.[100]

United States[edit]

United States national response began in early January, originating with actions by the CDC and the White House. The first US case of COVID-19 was recorded on 19 January 2020. In the United States, the response was determined by state and local officials in coordination with the CDC and federal officials. On 9 February, Governors were briefed by the White House Coronavirus Task Force.[101] Beginning in mid-March various social distancing measures to limit spread of the virus were undertaken by state governors and in some cases counties or cities.[102] Actions taken included Stay-at-home orders ("quarantine"), school and business closures, and limitation on the size of gatherings. On 19 March 2020, President Donald Trump, and Vice President Mike Pence met (via teleconference) with governors of most states to continue coordination and to assist states with their responses. FEMA was brought into the effort around this time.[103] By 7 April 42 states had lockdown orders in place.[104] The shutdowns had serious economic effects, including a steep rise in unemployment due to the shutdown of stores and workplaces.[105] By 15 April protests and demonstrations had broken out in some states, demanding that the area be "re-opened" for normal business and personal activity. By 1 May there had been demonstrations in more than half of the states, and many governors began to take steps to lift the restrictions.[106]

Ohio protesters, 18 April
Ohio protesters, 20 April 20
Several hundred anti-lockdown protesters rallied at the Ohio Statehouse on 20 April.[107]

One of the first protests was in Michigan on 15 April 2020, organized by conservative groups which also encouraged groups in other states to copy their wording and templates. Protesters in numerous other states said they were inspired by Michigan, and they used Michigan's material on their own websites, Facebook groups, and Reddit pages to promote their protests.[108] Subsequent protests were organized by Republican activists or party organizations,[109][110][111] Tea Party activists,[112] armed militia movement supporters,[113] guns-rights activists,[114] and "anti-vaccination" advocates.[115][116]

Protesters, many without face masks, opposed the shelter-in-place orders in their states for various reasons. Many said they want businesses reopened so they can go back to work. Many others displayed pro-Trump banners, signs, and MAGA hats.[117] Still others insisted the lockdowns were a violation of their constitutional rights. One militia leader told a reporter, "Re-open my state or we will re-open it ourselves."[118] Articles published by two liberal publications, an opinion article in The New York Times, and an article in the Washington Post claim that the anger driving the protests was called "both real and manufactured", blaming conservative groups for engaging in astroturfing via centralized organization backed by anonymous donors.[119][120]

President Trump originally issued guidelines for how to phase out restrictions, saying that governors would decide how to reopen their own states and suggesting a cautious three-phase approach.[121] However, the next day he reacted to the protests against social restrictions by encouraging the protests.[122][123][124][125] Governor Jay Inslee (D-WA) accused the president of "fomenting domestic rebellion" and said the president's call to ignore his own team's guidelines was "schizophrenic".[126][127]

Facebook announced that it would block events and messages from anti-quarantine protest groups "when gatherings do not follow the health parameters established by the government and are therefore unlawful".[128]

In California, Libertarian Party chapters in Santa Clara and San Francisco counties condemned lockdown measures in the state with a resolution stating in part that, "these government impositions have already lasted for longer than could be justified by the purpose for which they were allegedly necessary, constituting a sort of "mission creep" that could potentially keep them in place with no definite end, and with economic and social damage continuing to accumulate and becoming more severe."[129]

Cell phone data from digital-contact tracing software, captured from opt-in cellphone apps and the Firm VoteMap, then provided to The Guardian (publication) by progressive campaign group the Committee to Protect Medicare, suggests that cell phones present at anti-lockdown protests in Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Michigan and North Carolina traveled long distances after leaving the protests. Dr. Rob Davidson, executive director of the Committee to Protect Medicare, said that although “it’s hard to draw a straight line between devices, individuals at these protests, and cases”, the data suggests that the protests may be epidemiologically significant events." and that "The behavior we’re seeing at protests carries a high risk of infection."[130]

On January 30, 2021, dozens of "SCAMDEMIC" protesters blocked the entrance to the vaccination center at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.[131]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

The first anti-lockdown protests occurred on 7 April in a Park within the City of Gold Coast, Queensland. This was live-streamed via Facebook and was conducted by a disgrunted Juris Doctor named Arjay Martin.[132] On that day Dr Martin revealed loopholes to the Covid Directions including that one could be exercising whilst protesting, as exercising was an exemption to the Stay at Home Orders in each of the States and Territories of Australia. This information repeated what Martin stated within his live-streamed video the day prior (6 April) where he called for people world-wide to start protesting.[133]

On 12 April Sydney based Victor Tey created 'Exercising My Rights' using information provided by Dr Martin, creating a video calling for people to 'exercise' at the New South Wales Parliament House for 15 April.[134]

On Anzac Day (25 April) Australia's first anti-lockdown protests mimicking the ones in the US and Germany occurred in the rural town of Trafalgar, Victoria.[135][136]

On Mother's Day (9 May) around 100 to 300 protesters picketed against the lockdown and vaccinations outside Victoria's Parliament House in Melbourne. Protesters defied social-distancing restrictions and violent scenes ensued.[137][138]

On 30 May, after more than a month of protesting in Brisbane, Dr Arjay Martin held an Authorised Public Assembly in Brisbane, starting in King George Square and marching on the Queensland Parliament.[139] There were various groups in attendance and had approxiamently 1800-2500 attendees and there were smaller protests in State Capitols.[140] The easing of Covid Restrictions were brought forward to Midday, 31 May, [accelerated by two weeks from the 'Covid Roadmap time frame'].[141]

On 2 September, a 28-year-old woman, Zoe-Lee Buhler was arrested and is facing criminal charges for allegedly organising an anti-lockdown protest on social media. Australian Police Assistant Commissioner Luke Cornelius justified her arrest and stated he was outraged that there were people in the community who thought it was a good idea to leave home and mass protest during a time of a deadly pandemic.[142][143]

On 5 September, about 300 anti-lockdown protesters marched from Melbourne's Shrine of Remembrance to Albert Park and Lake. Several protesters were arrested.[144]

New Zealand[edit]

South America[edit]

Argentina[edit]

On 25 May, during the Anniversary of the First National Government, protests erupted all over the country,[145] but predominantly in Buenos Aires and Cordoba. The protest consisted mostly of small business owners demanding the local and national governments to be allowed to work, under a sanitary protocol. At this point, the stay-at-home order had been in place nationwide for 65 days.

On 20 June, which is the country's National Flag Day, the size of the protests had grown immensely compared to the previous ones held in late May.[146] While business owners and workers were still calling for more workplaces to be allowed to operate, the government's attempt to expropriate Vicentín, a soy and wheat manufacturer and one of the largest exporting firms in the country, also sparked outrage and motivated protests in many provinces where agriculture plays a big role in their local economy, particularly in the Santa Fe Province, where this business is located. Due to the huge backlash, president Alberto Fernandez has decided to step down and not take over the company. Protests also took place in the city centre of most cities and at the gates of the presidential residence. While the lockdown had been lifted in most provinces and municipalities, it was still enforced in Greater Buenos Aires, which represents around 60% of the Argentine economy. On this day, the stay-at-home order had been in place for 90 days, making it the longest mandatory quarantine in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[147]

On 9 July, the country's Independence Day, protests flared up once again.[148] In addition to workers and entrepreneurs asking to be allowed to work, many were angered by the fact that Lazaro Baez, who is serving jail time for money laundering and stealing from taxpayers' money and is associated with much of the government staff, could be eligible for parole. This incident, and the murder of Fabián Gutiérrez, who was ex-president Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner's secretary while she was in office, which many opposition affiliates believe was orchestrated by the administration and covered up as a "crime of passion" by two unknown men, also caused large outrage in some sectors of the population. This day marked 109 days since the lockdown was put in place in the Greater Buenos Aires area.

On 1 August, many opponents of Alberto Fernandez's government, and of Kirchnerism in general, took to the streets to rally against the judicial reform proposed by the administration. Many believe this is a way to absolve vice president Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner from her ongoing trials, and also a way to give the governing political party control over the judicial branch of government, all disguised under the promise that this reform will make judges and trials fairer and less biased to certain ideologies or political parties. While the lockdown has not been completely lifted in Buenos Aires, many activities and businesses are now allowed to take place again since mid-July, and a re-opening scheme with various stages has been designed and put in place, although with no strict dates. However, many companies, such as restaurants or bars for instance, still cannot open and many business owners are uncertain of how much more they can endure with their doors closed.

On 17 August, the General José de San Martín Memorial Day, a public holiday which commemorates Argentine liberator and army general José de San Martín, protesters gathered once again on the city centres of the main Argentine cities for the same reasons as the previous one, 16 days prior. This manifestation was backed by many political figures from the Juntos por el Cambio, Frente Despertar, Fuerza Unidaria Argentina, opposition forces, near liberal, libertarian and survivalist groups. Some, however, have decided to not publicly support the protests, most notably Horacio Rodríguez Larreta, mayor of Buenos Aires.

Brazil[edit]

On 18 March, Brazilians in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro protested Jair Bolsonaro's handling of the pandemic by banging pots and pans on their balconies and shouting "Bolsonaro out!"[149]

On 19 April, Brazil's Armed Forces Day, Bolsonaro gathered with about 600 protesters in front of the Army's headquarters in Brasilia to demand a "military intervention" into the handling of the coronavirus situation. Smaller protests calling for governors to resign occurred the previous day in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Brasilia.[150]

Chile[edit]

On 18 March, riots took place at the communes of El Bosque, La Pintana, and other communes in the Santiago Metropolitan Region.[151] Rioters are denouncing the hunger resulting from the partial and total lockdowns in the region. They claim that the lockdowns have left them without work and means of sustenance.

Paraguay[edit]

On March 5, protests broke out across Paraguay due to the lack of efficient government response against the pandemic in the country. The protests gathered thousands of people, and left hundreds of injured. It culminated in the resignation of the then health minister Julio Mazzoleni.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bolsonaro compartilha vídeo de manifestações; veja fotos de militantes". Poder360. 15 March 2020.
  2. ^ Kane, Peter Lawrence (29 April 2020). "The Anti-Mask League: lockdown protests draw parallels to 1918 pandemic". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Coronavirus: Ivory Coast protesters target testing centre". BBC News. 6 April 2020.
  4. ^ Dahir, Abdi Latif (8 May 2020). "Kenyans held for weeks in quarantine were then told to pay to get out". baltimoresun.com. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Kenyans protest house demolitions amid virus restrictions". ABC News. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Malawi high court blocks coronavirus lockdown". www.aljazeera.com. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  7. ^ "Nigeria: COVID-19 patients protest over 'ill treatment'". www.aa.com.tr. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  8. ^ "Nigerian workers riot over Covid-19 lockdown | New Straits Times". NST Online. 27 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Refugees Protest Under Coronavirus Lockdown in Rwanda | Voice of America - English". www.voanews.com. 17 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  10. ^ Anciano, Fiona (24 April 2020). ""We are still waiting" – protesting under lockdown in South Africa". openDemocracy. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Anti-lockdown protests around the world | Reuters.com". www.reuters.com. 5 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  12. ^ "Zimbabwe police accused of assaulting young female activists". ABC News. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  13. ^ "covid 19: Wuhan rent protest shows unrest brewing in China after lockdown - The Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  14. ^ Huang, Kristin (19 April 2020). "Chinese woman charged with organising protests during coronavirus lockdown". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  15. ^ "India extends world's biggest lockdown, ignites protest by migrant workers". 14 April 2020 – via reuters.com.
  16. ^ Puranam, Elizabeth (15 April 2020). "India's migrant workers protest against lockdown extension | India News". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  17. ^ "國會通過爭議性法案 印尼各地發起罷工示威". Liberty Times (in Chinese). 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  18. ^ "Thousands of Indonesians protest against passage of jobs bill". Reuters. 6 October 2020. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  19. ^ Rosner, Elizabeth. "Israelis maintain social distancing while protesting Netanyahu". Nypost.com. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  20. ^ staff, T. O. I. (20 April 2020). "Police clash with stone-throwing Haredi protesters in Jerusalem, 5 arrested". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  21. ^ Hendrix, Steve; Rubin, Shira (26 January 2021). "Violence erupts in Israel's ultra-Orthodox neighborhoods over coronavirus restrictions". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 January 2021.
  22. ^ Arab, The New. "The Iraq Report: Protest movement revives as coronavirus lockdown eased". alaraby. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  23. ^ a b "Coronavirus lockdowns prompt protests in India, Lebanon, Iraq". The Washington Post. 19 April 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  24. ^ Osseiran, Nazih; Nissenbaum, Dion (28 April 2020). "Protesters in Lebanon Demand Economic Relief as Coronavirus Lockdown Eases". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  25. ^ Hatoum, Bassam; Hussein, Bilal (29 April 2020). "Lockdown lifts in Lebanon, protests erupt over economic crises". Christian Science Monitor. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Pakistan arrests doctors protesting over lack of virus safety equipment | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  27. ^ Latif, Aamir (30 April 2020). "Millions of Pakistani laborers struggle amid COVID-19 lockdown". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  28. ^ Raza Hassan, Syed (16 February 2020). "Parents protest as Pakistani students stuck in China under coronavirus lockdown". Reuters. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  29. ^ Ellao, Janess Ann J. (1 April 2020). "Arrests in QC reveal lack of gov't support to lockdown-affected residents". Bulatlat. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  30. ^ a b "21 protesters demanding food aid arrested in Quezon City". CNN. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  31. ^ Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (18 June 2020). "2 of jailed Piston 6 protesters test positive for COVID-19". Inquirer. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  32. ^ "LIST: 'Grand mañanita' and other Independence Day 2020 activities". Rappler. 11 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  33. ^ Gonzales, Cathrine (12 June 2020). "Look: 'Grand mañanita' protest on Independence Day". INQUIRER.net. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  34. ^ "Thai protesters call for government to resign". Reuters. 18 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  35. ^ ""เยาวชนปลดแอก" ยุติการชุมนุมก่อนเที่ยงคืน อ้างความปลอดภัย สรุปบรรยากาศจากเริ่มจนจบ". BBC Thai (in Thai). 18 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  36. ^ "Chiang Mai, Ubon rally against Prayut, government". Bangkok Post. 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  37. ^ "Coronavirus digest: Brussels police detain hundreds of protesters".
  38. ^ D. Be. (6 April 2021). "Protesti u Sarajevu: Građani ispred Vlade FBiH skandiraju "Ostavke" i "Paraziti napolje"" (in Bosnian). Klix.ba. Retrieved 6 April 2021.
  39. ^ "Министър Ананиев отменя заповедта си за задължително носене на маски до постигане на консенсус". dariknews.bg (in Bulgarian). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  40. ^ "Връщат маските на закрито - стават задължителни в магазина и в офиса". dariknews.bg (in Bulgarian). 22 June 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  41. ^ "Протест в София срещу мерките за ограничаване на коронавируса". mediapool.bg (in Bulgarian). 19 April 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  42. ^ "8 арестувани на протеста в София (ВИДЕО+СНИМКИ)". nova.bg (in Bulgarian). 14 May 2020. Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  43. ^ Kirov, Nikolay (6 June 2020). "Протест на антиваксъри в София". vesti.bg (in Bulgarian). Retrieved 3 September 2020.
  44. ^ "Raids Worsen Bulgarian President's Spat With Prosecutor". Bloomberg.com. 9 July 2020. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  45. ^ "88-а вечер на протести в София: Призоваха за атаки срещу офисите на управляващата коалиция (Снимки)". 24chasa.bg (in Bulgarian). 4 October 2020. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  46. ^ McAuley, James (25 April 2020). "Violent protests in Paris suburbs reflect tensions under lockdown". The Washington Post. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  47. ^ a b In German: 'Fast 40.000 Menschen bei Corona-Demos – Sperren am Reichstag durchbrochen' (Almost 40,000 people by corona demos – fences at the Reichstag broken through). rbb24.de, 29 August 2020. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  48. ^ QUERDENKEN 711 – Manifesto, version 2 May 2020, official English version. (Routed from their homepage https://querdenken-711.de/) Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  49. ^ 'Germany coronavirus: Hundreds arrested in German 'anti-corona' protests'. BBC, 30 August 2020. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  50. ^ "Berlin police clear anarchist-occupied house Liebig 34 | DW | 09.10.2020". DW.COM.
  51. ^ Collective, CrimethInc Ex-Workers. "CrimethInc. : Surviving the Virus: An Anarchist Guide : Capitalism in Crisis—Rising Totalitarianism—Strategies of Resistance". CrimethInc.
  52. ^ "German Company Targeted in Anarchist Arson Attack for COVID-19 "Repression" | Far-Right / Far-Left Threat | Articles". ent.siteintelgroup.com.
  53. ^ Lally, Conor; Burns, Sarah; Cosgrove, Jennifer (22 August 2020). "Four arrested in clashes at anti-facemask protest in Dublin". The Irish Times. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  54. ^ Beresford, Jack (3 October 2020). "Anti-mask demonstrators stage sit-in protest in Dublin". The Irish Post. Retrieved 4 October 2020.
  55. ^ McGreevy, Ronan (27 February 2021). "Three gardaí injured and 23 arrested after clashes at Dublin anti-lockdown protest". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  56. ^ Baker, Noel; O'Keeffe, Cormac; English, Eoin (6 March 2021). "Cork anti-lockdown protest attracts hundreds into city centre". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  57. ^ Neville, Steve (6 March 2021). "Six arrested on day of Cork anti-lockdown protest". Irish Examiner. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  58. ^ a b c d e Khan, Mehreen (26 January 2021). "Dutch extend Covid curfew despite violent backlash". Financial Times. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  59. ^ a b Henley, John (26 January 2021). "Netherlands shaken by third night of riots over Covid curfew". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  60. ^ Cunningham, Erin (25 January 2021). "Riots explode across Netherlands over covid restrictions, with Dutch leader calling participants criminals". The Washington Post. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  61. ^ a b c Pop, Valentina (26 January 2021). "Dutch Rioters Clash With Police for Third Night Over Covid-19 Curfew". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 January 2021.
  62. ^ Reuters (25 April 2020). "Hundreds Protest Against Lockdown at Polish-German Border". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  63. ^ Wójcik, Jerzy (20 February 2020). "Marsz wolności we Wrocławiu. Koronasceptycy przyszli tłumnie, interweniowała policja [ZDJĘCIA]" (in Polish). Gazeta Wrocławska.
  64. ^ Furlong, Ray (21 April 2020). "Russian Police Break-Up Anti-Lockdown Protest". Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  65. ^ Alexander Marrow and Maria Tsvetkova (20 April 2020). "Hundreds protest in southern Russian against coronavirus curbs". Reuters.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  66. ^ "Coronavirus: Anti-lockdown car protest draws thousands". BBC. 23 May 2020.
  67. ^ "Protests in Madrid over coronavirus lockdown measures". The Guardian. 20 September 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  68. ^ "Lockdown measures and rising anger in Madrid as Covid-19 takes hold again". The Guardian. 18 September 2020. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  69. ^ "Polisen upplöser demonstration mot coronarestriktioner".
  70. ^ "Revealed: The So-Called 'Top Class Doctors And Nurses' Backing Anti-Mask Protests". HuffPost. 5 September 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  71. ^ Leather, Harry. "Two arrested after anti-lockdown protesters in stand-off with police on roof of Shrewsbury College". www.shropshirestar.com. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  72. ^ Mills, Richard (1 May 2020). "Live updates as police attend protest against lockdown in Somerset". somersetlive. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  73. ^ Brown, Faye. "19 arrested as anti-lockdown protests take place across country". Retrieved 24 May 2020.
  74. ^ "Coronavirus lockdown prompts Hove seafront protest". Brighton and Hove News. 19 May 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  75. ^ Balloo, Stephanie (12 September 2020). "Protests in Birmingham city centre over lockdown restrictions". BirminghamLive. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  76. ^ Humphries, Jonathan (18 October 2020). "Conspiracy theorist Piers Corbyn tells crowd of unmasked protesters 'covid is a hoax'". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  77. ^ Carrigg, David (19 April 2020). "COVID-19: Small group protests coronavirus restrictions in Vancouver". Vancouver Sun. Postmedia Network. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  78. ^ "Protesters march against COVID-19 prevention measures in Vancouver | CTV News". Bc.ctvnews.ca. 26 April 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  79. ^ "'A bunch of yahoos,' Ont. premier says of people protesting COVID-19 emergency measures | CTV News". Toronto.ctvnews.ca. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  80. ^ Lauren, Boothby (1 May 2020). "Hundreds flock to Alberta legislature to protest COVID-19 restrictions". Edmonton Journal. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  81. ^ Bridges, Alicia (21 April 2020). "Sask. Penitentiary inmates protest COVID-19 restrictions they say put them in cells 20 hours per day". CBC News. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  82. ^ Benzie, Robert (15 January 2021). "Premier Doug Ford turfs MPP Roman Baber from Tory caucus for opposing COVID-19 lockdown". Toronto Star. Torstar. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  83. ^ "Ford ousts MPP from caucus over open letter pushing for end to COVID-19 lockdown". cbc.ca. 15 January 2021.
  84. ^ @Roman_Baber (15 January 2021). "I was removed from the @OntarioPCParty caucus. It's a regretful decision since many colleagues agree with me, incl @fordnation in large part. I don't regret speaking out for millions of lives & livelihoods decimated by Public Health, I serve the public. The Lockdown is grounded in false public health narrative, poor planning & bad data. While Doug only cares about re-election, Lockdowns are killing more than saving. I couldn't watch the suffering anymore. I hope I encouraged other professionals to speak out" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 15 January 2021 – via Twitter.
  85. ^ "Protest to 'End the Lockdown' attracts more than 100 people to Alberta legislature". CTV News Edmonton. 29 April 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  86. ^ Bruch, Timm (12 December 2020). "Anti-mask protesters take to the streets in Calgary to fight COVID-19 restrictions". CTV News. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  87. ^ a b Bench, Allison (21 February 2021). "Protesters gather from across the province at Alberta legislature to fight COVID-19 health measures". Global News. Edmonton, Alberta. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  88. ^ "COVID Conspiracy Groups Are Using A Picture From Charlottesville Neo-Nazi Rally To Promote Their Upcoming 'Torch March'". Canadian Anti-Hate Network. 16 February 2021. Archived from the original on 16 February 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  89. ^ WALK108 (16 February 2021). "Poster for Walk for Freedom rallies". Facebook. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  90. ^ "Experts confused, concerned with anti-lockdown rally imagery". 660 NEWS. 24 January 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  91. ^ a b "Hatred, COVID-19 skepticism denounced after anti-lockdown rally at Alberta legislature". CTV Edmonton. 21 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  92. ^ "GraceLife pastor held in custody for refusing to comply with bail conditions". Edmonton, Alberta. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  93. ^ "Anti-lockdown rally at Alberta legislature voices support for jailed pastor". The Star. Edmonton, Alberta. 21 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  94. ^ Griwkowsky, Catherine (7 December 2020). "Justice centre launches legal challenge against Covid restrictions". Politics Today. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  95. ^ "Anti-restriction protesters gather at legislature, march in streets with tiki torches". 660 News. Edmonton, Alberta. 20 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  96. ^ Anti-lockdown protesters clash with media at "Walk for Freedom" rally. CTV News. 21 February 2021. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  97. ^ "México: Protesta contra retén por COVID termina en tiroteo". AP NEWS. 30 April 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  98. ^ "Manifestaciones anti AMLO en varios estados - Estados - La Jornada". www.jornada.com.mx (in Spanish). 30 May 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  99. ^ "Justicia para Giovanni: Protestan por el asesinato en Jalisco". www.milenio.com. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  100. ^ "Así fue la detención de Giovanni López justo antes de su muerte". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  101. ^ "TIMELINE: The Trump Administration's Decisive Actions To Combat the Coronavirus". www.donaldjtrump.com. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  102. ^ Rodriguez, Olga R.; Har, Janie (16 March 2020). "San Francisco Bay Area counties issue shelter-in-place order". ABC News. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  103. ^ "Remarks by President Trump and Vice President Pence in a Video Teleconference with Governors on COVID-19". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved 10 July 2020 – via National Archives.
  104. ^ Dittrich, Valerie (7 April 2020). "COVID-19: 'People have to be responsible for themselves': Eight U.S. states still not locked down". National Post. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  105. ^ Lee, Yen Nee (24 April 2020). "7 charts show how the coronavirus pandemic has hit the global economy". CNBC. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  106. ^ Budryk, Zack (3 May 2020). "Governors, experts await results of reopening states as protests continue". The Hill. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  107. ^ Rouan, Rick (20 April 2020). "Protesters at Statehouse demand state reopen as DeWine announces schools to remain closed". The Columbus Dispatch. Archived from the original on 25 April 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  108. ^ "This Is How A Group Linked To Betsy DeVos Is Organizing Protests To End Social Distancing, Now With Trump's Support". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  109. ^ "How Trump allies have organized and promoted anti-lockdown protests". Reuters. 22 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  110. ^ "Meet the Trump-loving group behind protest of Gov. Whitmer's stay-home order". bridgemi.com. 22 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  111. ^ News, Cole Miller | KOMO (18 April 2020). "Protest against state closure planned for tomorrow in Olympia". KOMO.
  112. ^ "Trump allies have their fingerprints on lockdown protests". POLITICO. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  113. ^ Wilson, Jason (17 April 2020). "The rightwing groups behind wave of protests against Covid-19 restrictions". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 18 April 2020. ...  ...
  114. ^ Uren, Adam. "WaPo reveals Minnesota gun group link to anti-quarantine protests". Bring Me The News. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  115. ^ Bogel-Burroughs, Nicholas (4 May 2020). "Antivaccination Activists Are Growing Force at Virus Protests". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  116. ^ Sommer, Will; Kucinich, Jackie (22 April 2020). "Anti-Vaxxers and Lockdown Protesters Form an Unholy Alliance". Daily Beast. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  117. ^ Flynn, Meagan (16 April 2020). "Chanting 'lock her up,' Michigan protesters waving Trump flags mass against Gov. Gretchen Whitmer's coronavirus restrictions". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  118. ^ "Coronavirus lockdown protest: What's behind the US demonstrations?". BBC News. 21 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  119. ^ Graves, Lisa (22 April 2020). "Opinion | Who's Behind the 'Reopen' Protests?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  120. ^ Stanley-Becker, Isaac; Romm, Tony (22 April 2020). "The anti-quarantine protests seem spontaneous. But behind the scenes, a powerful network is helping". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  121. ^ "Trump completes reversal, telling govs 'you are going to call your own shots' and distributes new guidelines". CNN. 16 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  122. ^ Shear, Michael D.; Mervosh, Sarah (17 April 2020). "Trump Encourages Protest Against Governors Who Have Imposed Virus Restrictions". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  123. ^ Itkowitz, Colby (17 April 2020). "'Liberate': Trump Tweets Support of Protests Against Stay-at-Home Orders". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  124. ^ "Trump Foments Protests Against Governors; Experts Warn of Testing Shortages". The New York Times. 17 April 2020. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  125. ^ "'They seem very responsible to me': Trump defends anti-lockdown protesters - video". The Guardian. Reuters/AP. 18 April 2020. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  126. ^ "Trump accused of 'fomenting rebellion' after 'LIBERATE' tweets". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  127. ^ Cummings, William. "Governors slam Trump's call to 'liberate' states where protesters object to coronavirus restrictions". USA TODAY. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  128. ^ Overly, Steven. "Republicans attack Facebook as network shuts down anti-lockdown protests". POLITICO. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  129. ^ "Resolution Regarding Government Pandemic Response". Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  130. ^ Wilson, Jason (18 May 2020). "US lockdown protests may have spread virus widely, cellphone data suggests". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  131. ^ "Dodger Stadium mass COVID-19 vaccination site temporarily shuts down after protesters block entrance". KTLA. 31 January 2021. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  132. ^ https://www.facebook.com/1041803319350944/videos/234218207954557 Arjay Martin's For Australians "World Freedom Day" protest
  133. ^ https://www.facebook.com/1041803319350944/videos/222977645483900 Dr Arjay Martin calls for "World Freedom Day" protests
  134. ^ https://www.facebook.com/107379314267102/videos/206394227482269 Exercising My Rights first protest
  135. ^ "Rural town breaks coronavirus lockdown rules in protest". Yahoo! News Australia. Archived from the original on 30 September 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  136. ^ "Dozens attend anti-coronavirus lockdown protest in regional Victoria". SBS World News. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  137. ^ "'Incredibly disappointing': Ugly scenes at Melbourne coronavirus protests as violence erupts". Seven News. 10 May 2020. Archived from the original on 11 September 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  138. ^ "Protesters flout social distancing rules at coronavirus lockdown rally in Melbourne". SBS World News. Archived from the original on 21 July 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  139. ^ https://www.facebook.com/1041803319350944/videos/540072863336762 30 May Brisbane Anti-Lockdown Protest
  140. ^ https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2020/may/30/australian-anti-vaxxers-label-covid-19-a-scam-and-break-distancing-rules-at-anti-5g-protests 30 May Covid Protests
  141. ^ https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-05-31/coronavirus-queensland-restrictions-ease/12288934 Queensland Coronavirus Restrictions Eased
  142. ^ "Covid: Australian anti-lockdown suspect's arrest draws controversy". BBC News. 3 September 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  143. ^ "Pregnant woman's arrest justified: police". Blue Mountains Gazette. 3 September 2020.
  144. ^ "Melbourne anti-lockdown protesters arrested". Radio New Zealand. 5 September 2020. Archived from the original on 7 September 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  145. ^ de 2020, 25 de Mayo. "Un reducido grupo de manifestantes protestó contra la cuarentena en la Plaza de Mayo". infobae (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  146. ^ "En Twitter: cómo es el banderazo nacional contra la expropiación de Vicentin". www.lanacion.com.ar (in Spanish). 20 June 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  147. ^ Goñi, Uki (17 June 2020). "Argentina's president enters voluntary isolation amid coronavirus surge". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  148. ^ "Multitudinario banderazo contra el Gobierno en diferentes puntos del país". www.lanacion.com.ar (in Spanish). 10 July 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  149. ^ "Coronavirus protest in Brazil sees millions bang pots from balconies". BBC. 19 March 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  150. ^ "Brazil's Bolsonaro joins protest against coronavirus restrictions | Coronavirus pandemic News". Al Jazeera. 20 April 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  151. ^ El Mercurio S.A.P (18 May 2020). "Protestas en la comuna de El Bosque: Vecinos denuncian falta de alimentos en medio de cuarentena | Emol.com". Emol. Retrieved 24 May 2020.