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The prothoracic glands are either of a pair of endocrine glands located in the prothorax of certain insects that regulate molting. They have an ectodermal origin and secrete ecdysteroids, such as ecdysone and 20-hydroxyecdysone. 
- Gilbert, L. I.; Song, Q.; Rybczynski, R. (1997-09-01). "Control of ecdysteroidogenesis: activation and inhibition of prothoracic gland activity". Invertebrate neuroscience: IN. 3 (2-3): 205–216. ISSN 1354-2516. PMID 9783446.
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