Protium (plant)

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Protium heptaphyllum.jpg
Protium heptaphyllum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Protium

Over 140, see text

Protium is a genus of more than 140 species of flowering plants in the family Burseraceae. It is native to the Neotropics (where around 175 species have been found), Madagascar, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and southern Asia from Pakistan east to Vietnam.[1] The genus had been included in Bursera, but is distinct, being most closely related to Crepidospermum and Tetragastris.[2]

The species are usually small or medium-sized trees, but some can be large, up to 35 m (115 ft) tall. In their native range, some species are grown for timber, used as firewood, as medicinal plants, for their fruit, their resin (Copal) or in other cultural contexts.

Selected species[edit]



  1. ^ Daly, Douglas Charles de Burgh; Fine, Paul Van Antwerp; Martínez-Habibe, María Cristina (March 2012). "Burseraceae: a model for studying the Amazon flora". Rodriguésia. 63 (1): 021–030. doi:10.1590/s2175-78602012000100002. ISSN 2175-7860.
  2. ^ Douglas Charles de Burgh Daly; Paul Van Antwerp Fine; María Cristina Martínez-Habibe (January–March 2012). "Burseraceae: a model for studying the Amazon flora". Rodriguésia. 63 (1): 021–030. doi:10.1590/S2175-78602012000100002.
  3. ^ Douglas C. Daly (2018). "Notes on the Burseraceae in central Amazonia, including four new taxa. Studies in neotropical Burseraceae XXVI". Brittonia. 70 (4): 427–444. doi:10.1007/s12228-018-9537-1. S2CID 52123286.
  4. ^ Delcio Dias Marquesi; Rogério Antônio Sartori; Telma Leda Gomes Lemosi; Luciana Lucas Machado; João Sammy Nery de Souza; Francisco José Queiroz Monte (March 2010). "Chemical composition of the essential oils from two subspecies of Protium heptaphyllum". Acta Amazonica. 40: 227–230. doi:10.1590/S0044-59672010000100029.