Proto-Canaanite alphabet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Proto-Canaanite is the name given to

(a) the Proto-Sinaitic script when found in Canaan, dating to about the 17th century BC and later.[1]
(b) a hypothetical ancestor of the Phoenician script before some cut-off date, typically 1050 BCE, with an undefined affinity to Proto-Sinaitic.[2] No extant "Phoenician" inscription is older than 1000 BCE.[3] The Phoenician, Hebrew, and other Canaanite dialects were largely indistinguishable before that time.[4]


  1. ^ Woodard, Roger (2008), The Ancient Languages of Syria-Palestine and Arabia, p. 4, ISBN 9781139469340.
  2. ^ Coulmas, Florian (1996). The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Writing Systems. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-21481-X.
  3. ^ Hoffman, Joel M. (2004). In the beginning : a short history of the Hebrew language. New York, NY [u.a.]: New York Univ. Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-8147-3654-8. Retrieved 23 May 2017. By 1000 B.C.E., however, we see Phoenician writings [..]
  4. ^ Naveh, Joseph (1987), "Proto-Canaanite, Archaic Greek, and the Script of the Aramaic Text on the Tell Fakhariyah Statue", in Miller; et al. (eds.), Ancient Israelite Religion.

External links[edit]