Proto-Loloish language

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The Proto-Loloish language is the reconstructed ancestor of the Loloish languages. Reconstructions include those of David Bradley (1979), James Matisoff (2003), and Ziwo Lama (2012).

In later publications, in place of Loloish, David Bradley instead uses the term Ngwi based on a conservative autonym in the Sanie language.[1]

Bradley (1979)[edit]

Matisoff (2003)[edit]

Li (2011)[edit]

Li Yongsui (2011) reconstructs Proto-Lolo-Burmese (Proto-Mian-Yi 缅彝) based on 30 languages.

Lama (2012)[edit]

Lama (2012) reconstructs 37 consonants for Proto-Loloish (which he calls Proto-Nisoic), 7 of which (marked in green) can occur as syllable finals. The glides /w/ and /j/ occur medially.

Proto-Nisoic Consonants
(Lama 2012)
Labial Dental Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Velar Glottal
Stops Voiceless p t ts k ʔ
Voiceless aspirated tsʰ tɕʰ h
Voiced b d dz ɡ
Prenasalized mb nd ndz ɲdʑ ŋɡ
Fricatives Voiceless s x
Voiced z ʑ ɣ
Nasals Voiced m n ɲ ŋ
and Semivowels
Voiced -w- l r -j-
  • Vowels (8): /i/, /y/, /ɯ/, /u/, /e/, /o/, /ɔ/, /a/
  • Tones (5): 1, 2, 3 (unchecked tones), H, L (checked tones)

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bradley, David. 2005. "Sanie and language loss in China".International Journal of the Sociology of Language. Volume 2005, Issue 173, Pp. 159–176.

See also[edit]