Providence Atoll

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Providence Atoll
Providence Atoll is located in Seychelles
Providence Atoll
Providence Atoll
Geography
Location Indian Ocean
Coordinates 09°18′S 51°00′E / 9.300°S 51.000°E / -9.300; 51.000Coordinates: 09°18′S 51°00′E / 9.300°S 51.000°E / -9.300; 51.000
Archipelago Seychelles
Adjacent bodies of water Indian Ocean
Total islands 2
Major islands
  • Providence Island
  • Cerf Island    
Area 2.82 km2 (1.09 sq mi)
Highest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Administration
Group Outer Islands
Sub-Group Farquhar Group
Sub-Group Providence Islands
Districts Outer Islands District
Largest settlement
Providence
(population 0)
Demographics
Demonym Creole
Population 0 (2014)
Pop. density 0 /km2 (0 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Creole, French, East Africans, Indians.
Additional information
Time zone
Official website www.seychelles.travel/en/discover/the-islands/outer-islands
ISO Code = SC-26

The Providence Atoll is part of the Farquhar Group of islands in the Seychelles that are part of the Outer Islands, with a distance of 705 km (438 mi) southwest of the capital, Victoria, on Mahé Island.

History[edit]

The atoll was discovered in 1501 by Joao da Nova, a Portuguese explorer. The atoll was under British control until 1976 when they became part of Seychelles at the time of independence.[1] Providence got its name after an event which happened in 1763. A French frigate, ”Heureuse” , was stranded on its reef, 705 km from Victoria near the northern end of the atoll. The sailors reached Providence Island and were rescued a month later. It proved the salvation(fr: Providence) of the French sailors. Cerf got its name after one of the ships of Captain Nicolas Morphey, called Le Cerf, who sighted the island on 30 July 1756.


Geography[edit]

The islands of Providence Atoll are small, coraline and inhospitable. The atoll has length of 44 km (27 mi) on its north-south axis, and about 12 km (7 mi) width. The total area covered by the atoll is approximating 345 km2 (133 sq mi). The aggregate land area, however, is only 2.82 km2 (1.1 sq mi). West of the atoll, the sea-bottom plunges steeply to 180 metres only, 2.5 km beyond the fringing reef.[2]

Providence Atoll Islands[edit]

There are two islands in the atoll:

Providence Island[edit]

Providence Island is located in the far north of the atoll, at 9°13′S 51°02′E / 9.217°S 51.033°E / -9.217; 51.033. It is 3.6 km (2 mi) long north-south, and up to 650 m (2,130 ft) at its widest part. It has the shape of a kite. The land area is 1.72 km², with a coastline of 7.8 km (5 mi).

Bancs Providence (Cerf Island)[edit]

Bancs Providence is located in the far south of the atoll, 30 km (19 mi) south of Providence Island, at 09°31′59″S 50°59′10″E / 9.53306°S 50.98611°E / -9.53306; 50.98611. It is divided into several small islands separated by shallow tidal channels, the number of which has varied in historical times. In 2016, Bancs Providence comprised four large and about six very small islands. In 1967 it was said to be a single large cay with four smaller ones while in 1905 there were seven small islands and in 1882 it comprised three small islets. The islands total 4.6 km (3 mi) long, and up to 900 m (3,000 ft) at their widest part, but in some places only 10 m (33 ft) wide. The land area is 1.1 km2 (0.4 sq mi), with a coastline of 17 km (11 mi). The closest neighbor of the atoll is St. Pierre Island, 35 km (22 mi) west of Bancs Providence.

Demographics[edit]

Providence Island had a small settlement in the middle of the island, at 9°13′50″S 51°01′54″E / 9.23056°S 51.03167°E / -9.23056; 51.03167 with 6 villagers,[3] But in 2006, Cyclone Bondo destroyed most of the buildings and about 60 per cent of the coconut trees,[4][5] The government plans on building an eco-tourism resort on the island in 2018, and a bidding process is already on the way.[6][7] Bancs Providence has never been permanently inhabited though temporary fishermens' huts were recorded in the 19th century. There are many shipwrecks including records of Maldivian mariner presence in this atoll from the 20th century, when a trading vessel from southern Maldives reached Providence Atoll after drifting in the ocean for weeks.[8]

Administration[edit]

The atoll belongs to Outer Islands District.[9]

Transport[edit]

Providence Island has no jetty, no airstrip and no transport links. The island is rarely visited except by the occasional Island Conservation Society expedition or by an Islands Development Company (IDC) boat from Mahé.

Economics[edit]

Providence Island was inhabited by workers engaged in fishing and copra production probably continuously from at least 1846 until late 2006. Following Cyclone Bondo,the island was evacuated on 26 December 2006. A subsequent attempt to construct an airstrip to service the inhabitants was abandoned and the island has remained uninhabited since then.

Flora and Fauna[edit]

Providence Atoll occupies an extensive bank of shallow water well known for its profusion of fish.

There are no alien mammals and the only land bird is Madagascar Fody.

Significant numbers of Greater Crested Tern and Black-naped Tern breed at Bancs Providence. There are also very large numbers of Grey Heron breeding in the largest heronry of Seychelles and small numbers of Fairy Tern.

Tourism[edit]

The island is a famous fly-fish destination[10]

Image gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History
  2. ^ Info on the island 2
  3. ^ The Islands of the Seychelles
  4. ^ Cyclone info
  5. ^ News on Cyclone
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ IDC site
  8. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5
  9. ^ District map
  10. ^ Info and gallery

Media related to Providence Atoll at Wikimedia Commons