Providence County, Rhode Island

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Providence County, Rhode Island
Providence20June07WWIMonument.jpg
Providence County Courthouse
Map of Rhode Island highlighting Providence County
Location in the U.S. state of Rhode Island
Map of the United States highlighting Rhode Island
Rhode Island's location in the U.S.
Founded June 22, 1703
Seat Providence (1703-1842)
Largest city Providence
Area
 • Total 436 sq mi (1,129 km2)
 • Land 410 sq mi (1,062 km2)
 • Water 26 sq mi (67 km2), 6.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 633,473
 • Density 1,545/sq mi (596.5/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Providence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Rhode Island. As of the 2010 census, the population was 626,667 (59.5% of the state's total population).[1] It is home to the state capital of Providence.

Providence County is included in the Providence-Warwick, RI-MA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Boston-Worcester-Providence, MA-RI-NH-CT Combined Statistical Area.

In 2010, the center of population of Rhode Island was located in Providence County, in the city of Cranston.[2]

History[edit]

Providence County was constituted on June 22, 1703, as the County of Providence Plantations. It consisted of five towns, namely Providence, Warwick, Westerly, Kingstown, and Greenwich and encompassed territory in present-day Kent and Washington counties. Washington County was split off as King's County in 1729, while Kent County was split off in 1750. The town of Cumberland was acquired from Massachusetts and added to Providence County in 1746-47, and the towns of East Providence and Pawtucket were made part of Providence County when the final border with Massachusetts was settled in 1862. County government in Rhode Island was abolished in 1842. Providence County, like other counties in Rhode Island, has no governmental functions (other than as court administrative and sheriff corrections boundaries which are part of state government).

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles (1,130 km2), of which 410 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (6.0%) is water.[3] It is the largest of Rhode Island's five counties by land area. The county is drained by the Blackstone River, which runs partly along the east border, the Woonasquatucket River in the central part of the county, joining with the smaller Moshassuck River in downtown Providence, and the Pawtuxet, which forms a portion of the southeastern boundary of the county.[4] The Pawtuxet is dammed in the western part of the county to form the Scituate Reservoir, which supplies drinking water for Providence and surrounding communities.

The highest natural point in the county and the state of Rhode Island is Jerimoth Hill at 812 feet (247 m). Sea level is the lowest point.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 24,376
1800 25,854 6.1%
1810 30,869 19.4%
1820 35,736 15.8%
1830 47,018 31.6%
1840 58,073 23.5%
1850 87,526 50.7%
1860 107,799 23.2%
1870 149,190 38.4%
1880 197,874 32.6%
1890 255,123 28.9%
1900 328,683 28.8%
1910 424,353 29.1%
1920 475,190 12.0%
1930 540,016 13.6%
1940 550,298 1.9%
1950 574,973 4.5%
1960 568,778 −1.1%
1970 580,261 2.0%
1980 571,349 −1.5%
1990 596,270 4.4%
2000 621,602 4.2%
2010 626,667 0.8%
Est. 2016 633,673 [5] 1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 621,602 people, 239,936 households, and 152,839 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,504 people per square mile (581/km²). There were 253,214 housing units at an average density of 613 per square mile (237/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.38% White, 6.55% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 2.90% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.02% from other races, and 3.58% from two or more races. 13.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.0% were of Italian, 10.9% Irish, 8.1% French, 7.7% Portuguese, 7.2% French Canadian and 5.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 72.7% spoke English, 13.4% Spanish, 4.9% Portuguese, 2.5% French and 1.6% Italian as their first language.

There were 239,936 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.50% were married couples living together, 14.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.30% were non-families. 29.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,950, and the median income for a family was $46,694. Males had a median income of $35,336 versus $26,322 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,255. About 11.90% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.

Providence County is 71% Catholic, making it among the most Catholic counties in the country.[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 626,667 people, 241,717 households, and 149,691 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 1,530.3 inhabitants per square mile (590.9/km2). There were 264,835 housing units at an average density of 646.7 per square mile (249.7/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 73.4% white, 8.5% black or African American, 3.7% Asian, 0.7% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 9.6% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 18.8% of the population.[12] The largest ancestry groups were:

  • Italy 18.5% Italian
  • Republic of Ireland 15.8% Irish
  • France 12.3% French
  • England 9.4% English
  • Portugal 8.6% Portuguese
  • Quebec 5.4% French Canadian
  • Dominican Republic 5.4% Dominican
  • Puerto Rico 4.9% Puerto Rican
  • Cape Verde 4.3% Cape Verdean
  • Germany 4.2% German
  • Poland 3.8% Polish
  • Guatemala 2.9% Guatemalan
  • Scotland 1.7% Scottish
  • United States 1.6% American
  • Sweden 1.2% Swedish
  • Colombia 1.2% Colombian
  • Mexico 1.1% Mexican
  • Northern Ireland 1.0% Scotch-Irish
  • Arab League 1.0% Arab

[14]

Of the 241,717 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.1% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 37.0 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $48,500 and the median income for a family was $61,265. Males had a median income of $44,964 versus $36,447 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,169. About 11.6% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.1% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities[edit]

Map of Providence County, Rhode Island showing cities, towns, and CDPs

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other villages[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 36.6% 90,882 57.5% 142,899 5.9% 14,693
2012 31.6% 75,785 66.5% 159,520 1.9% 4,481
2008 31.9% 81,010 66.0% 167,442 2.0% 5,178
2004 35.6% 82,337 62.6% 144,811 1.8% 4,176
2000 28.1% 61,378 65.3% 142,469 6.6% 14,461
1996 23.5% 49,901 63.6% 134,866 12.9% 27,355
1992 27.5% 69,579 49.5% 125,358 23.1% 58,504
1988 40.8% 94,248 58.8% 135,927 0.4% 984
1984 48.2% 116,024 51.5% 124,109 0.3% 765
1980 34.9% 86,467 51.2% 126,808 14.0% 34,652
1976 41.6% 103,976 58.0% 144,805 0.4% 1,036
1972 49.9% 129,418 49.9% 129,232 0.2% 506
1968 28.1% 70,320 67.6% 169,246 4.3% 10,633
1964 16.5% 43,432 83.5% 219,465
1960 32.5% 91,028 67.5% 189,014 0.0% 1
1956 55.8% 153,860 44.2% 121,861
1952 48.1% 146,197 51.8% 157,592 0.1% 219
1948 38.2% 93,867 60.7% 149,254 1.1% 2,627
1944 38.8% 87,190 61.1% 137,216 0.1% 321
1940 40.6% 99,434 59.3% 145,236 0.1% 251
1936 37.2% 88,492 55.1% 131,218 7.7% 18,370
1932 40.9% 84,397 57.4% 118,546 1.7% 3,601
1928 46.8% 85,884 52.9% 97,185 0.3% 568
1924 57.2% 92,464 38.6% 62,336 4.2% 6,750
1920 61.3% 79,558 35.3% 45,859 3.4% 4,374
1916 49.2% 32,406 47.5% 31,314 3.3% 2,172
1912 33.7% 19,695 39.6% 23,127 26.7% 15,587
1908 59.6% 32,037 35.1% 18,880 5.3% 2,854
1904 59.8% 30,295 36.6% 18,557 3.6% 1,846
1900 58.0% 24,194 36.5% 15,223 5.5% 2,274
1896 66.6% 26,844 28.9% 11,644 4.5% 1,832
1892 49.2% 18,695 47.9% 18,203 3.0% 1,134
1888 51.7% 14,207 45.3% 12,440 3.0% 812
1884 57.1% 12,387 39.1% 8,491 3.8% 824
1880 61.1% 11,316 37.7% 6,975 1.2% 217

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Providence, the N. county of Rhode Island". The American Cyclopædia. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ Adherents.com: Catholics
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-12. 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 41°52′N 71°35′W / 41.87°N 71.58°W / 41.87; -71.58