Province of Avalon

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Province of Avalon
British colony



Capital Ferryland, Newfoundland
Languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Governor Sir George Calvert
Legislature Lords Proprietors
Historical era Colonial Era
 •  London and Bristol Company charter 1610
 •  Destroyed by New France in the Avalon Peninsula Campaign 1696
Currency Pound sterling

Province of Avalon was the area around the settlement of Ferryland, Newfoundland and Labrador, in the 17th century, which upon the success of the colony grew to include the land held by Sir William Vaughan and all the land that lay between Ferryland and Petty Harbour.

Sir George Calvert had acquired a piece of Newfoundland and hired an agent Captain Edward Wynne to set up headquarters in Ferryland. The area he termed The Colony of Avalon in honour of "old Avalon...the first-fruits of Christianity in Britain."[1] In 1620 Calvert obtained a grant from Sir William Vaughan for all of the land that lay north of a point between Fermeuse and Aquaforte to as far north as Caplin Bay (now Calvert) on the southern shore of the Avalon Peninsula.

The site of the colony was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1953[2] It was also designated a Municipal Heritage District in 1998.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Kevin Major, As Near to Heaven by Sea: A History of Newfoundland and Labrador, 2001, ISBN 0-14-027864-8
  2. ^ Colony of Avalon National Historic Site of Canada. Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada. Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  3. ^ Colony of Avalon Special Preservation Area Municipal Heritage District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 8 July 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°01′21″N 52°52′45″W / 47.0226°N 52.8791°W / 47.0226; -52.8791