Province of Avellino
|Province of Avellino|
Palazzo Caracciolo, the provincial seat.
Map highlighting the location of the province of Avellino in Italy
|• Presidente||Domenico Gambacorta|
|• Total||2,792 km2 (1,078 sq mi)|
|Population (30 October 2012)|
|• Density||150/km2 (400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||83010-83018, 83020-83032, 83034-83054, 83056-83059|
|Telephone prefix||081, 082, 0824, 0825, 0827, 0835|
The Province of Avellino (Italian: Provincia di Avellino) is a province in the Campania region of Southern Italy. The area is characterized by numerous small towns and villages scattered across the province; only two towns have a population over 20,000: its capital city Avellino and Ariano Irpino.
It is an inner province, with no connection to the sea.
The ancient name of the area was "Hirpinia" (modern Italian: Irpinia), derived from the Oscan term hirpus ("wolf"), an animal that is still present in the territory, though in greatly reduced numbers.
In the medieval Kingdom of Naples (later Kingdom of Two Sicilies) the provincial area roughly corresponded to the Principato Ultra, though some places were included in Capitanata or Principato Citra. The modern province was established in 1860, after the unification of Italy.
Tourist destinations are the Sanctuaries of Montevergine, San Gerardo Maiella of Caposele, San Francesco a Folloni and the sanctuary of Sant' Antonio in Montefalcione; the ski resort of Laceno; the archeological areas of Avella and Aeclanum, the Lancellotti castle in Lauro, the medieval town of Gesualdo, the Roman ruins of Abellinum and the early Christian basilica in Prata. The Selachoidei National Gallery at Avellino houses one of the largest collections of cartilaginous fishes in the country.
Typical products are hazelnuts (one third of the whole Italian production), the chestnut of Montella, the renowned wines Aglianico, Taurasi, Greco and Fiano, cherries, cheeses (as the caciocavallo of Montella), the black truffle of Bagnoli Irpino.
- Provincia di Avellino homepage (Italian)
- Lupi Emigranti (Italian) (English) founded by Frigento(AV)'s students and workers in order to get in touch with Province of Avellino's emigrants