Province of Caltanissetta

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Province of Caltanissetta
Map highlighting the location of the province of Caltanissetta in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Caltanissetta in Italy
Country  Italy
Region Sicily
Capital(s) Caltanissetta
Comuni 22
 • Commissar Prefectur Raffaele Sirico
 • Total 2,128 km2 (822 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 275,221
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 93100, 93010-93020
Telephone prefix 0934, 0933, 0922
Vehicle registration CL

The Province of Caltanissetta (Italian: Provincia di Caltanissetta; Sicilian: Pruvincia di Nissa) is a province in the southern part of Sicily, Italy. It contains 22 comuni (singular: comune), which are listed at Comuni of the Province of Caltanissetta. Its coat of arms is a red crest and two green leaf stems on top with a laurel leaf on the right and a crown in the middle. The River Salso is the main river of the province; it is 122 kilometres (76 mi) long and originates in the province of Palermo, and it flows into the Mediterranean in this province at the end of the Gulf of Gela.[1]

As of 2010, it has a population of 271,729 inhabitants and an area of 2,128 sqkm, giving a population density of 130/sqkm.[2] From 1406 to 1812 the province was owned by the Moncada family.[3] The province was called "Nissa" by the Greeks, and Caltanissetta contains Gela, an highly important tourist destination.[3]

Bordering provinces[edit]

In counterclockwise order:[3]


The province extends to the central part of Sicily in the northwestern direction where the capital is located. The commune of Resuttano is found in an enclave of the province of Palermo near Caltanissetta between Monte Stretto and Portella del Vento.[4] Another example in the same province is that of the two small localities of Cannetti and Corfidato, two frazioni of the comune of Enna, 15 km (9.3 mi) away, within the territory of the comune of Caltanissetta. The land extends to the Gela Plain and into the Gulf of Gela, where the main river of the province, the Salso, meets the Mediterranean.[3]

Its population is 271,729.[2] By population, the main communes are:[5]

Communes Population
Gela 77,234
Caltanissetta 60,632
Niscemi 26,734
San Cataldo 23,199
Mazzarino 12,340
Riesi 11,649
Mussomeli 11,306
Sommatino 7,515
Serradifalco 6,383
Santa Caterina Villarmosa 5,866
Sutera 5,142

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Finley, Israel Moses (1979). History of ancient Sicily. Bari, Laterza. p. 13. 
  2. ^ a b "Popolazione residente e bilancio demografico". Istat. Retrieved 1 August 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 283. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1. 
  4. ^ Giovanni Uggeri (2004). La Viabilitā della Sicilia in Etā Romana. Mario Congedo Editore. ISBN 978-88-8086-559-9. 
  5. ^ Istat.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°29′N 14°03′E / 37.49°N 14.05°E / 37.49; 14.05