The Province of Florence (Italian: Provincia di Firenze) was a province in the northeast of Tuscany region of Italy. It had an area of 3,514 square kilometres (1,357 sq mi) and a population of 933,860 (2001) in 44 comuni. The city or comune of Florence was both the capital of the Province of Florence, and of the Region of Tuscany. The territory of the province was the birthplace of the Italian Renaissance.
The Province of Florence is bordered by Province of Bologna in the north, Province of Ravenna in the north-east, Duchy of Modena in the north-west, Province of Pisa and Duchy of Lucca in the west.Province of Siena in the south and Province of Arezzo in the east and southeast. The province is 70 miles from east to west and approximately 60 miles from north to south. Much of the province lies in the plain of the Arno river and has thus become an exurban sprawl around the city of Florence. The northeastern part of the province, in the Apennines, remains less developed. Romagna Granducale is the name given to the region lying on the northern slopes of Apennines. Corn, wine and silk are the chief products in the valley regions. Silk manufacturing was an important industry in the medieval times. The well known Renaissance artist Leonardo Da Vinci was born in Vinci which is a part of the province of Florence. The province's capital Florence was a well known cultural centre and is called the Renaissance city. Livorno-born artist Amedeo Modigliani studied in Florence for five years before moving to Paris in 1906.
The province receives large number of tourists every year. Particular places of beauty or interest in the Province include Barberino Val d'Elsa, Fiesole and the capital city of Florence. The town of Empoli is well known for esto Fiorentino, “La Montagnola” Etruscan tomb; Impruneta, Borgo San Lorenzo, Castelfiorentino and Barberino Val d’Elsa. Empoli is well known for its ancient glass-making industry. The province is the centre of straw making industry. Tourism is also an important industry. The capital city, Florence has been recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site. Major tourist attractions of the city are Piazza del Duomo, Duomo of Santa Maria del Fiore, Battistero di San Giovanni, Giotto’s Bell Tower, Loggia del Bigallo and Museo dell'Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore.Ponte Vecchio is popular for Piazza Santo Spirito, Cenacolo di Santo Spirito, Palazzo Pitti and Boboli Gardens. Cattani Castle and Palazzo Pretorio are situated in Barberino di Mugello. Certosa del Galluzzo houses artworks by Pontormo. Giovanni Boccaccio's hometown Certaldo is famous for Palazzo Pretorio and Boccaccio’s House. The Leonardo Museum is located in Vinci. It houses models based on the polymath's designs. Sesto Fiorentino in Fiesole is famous for the Etruscan tomb “La Montagnola”.
Wholesale and retail is the largest sector in the province and as of 2008 almost 29% of the firms were involved in it. Manufacturing, Construction, real estate and agriculture are the next important ones with a percentage share of about 19.5%, 14%, 13.6% and 8% respectively.