Province of Genoa
Province of Genoa
Map highlighting the location of the province of Genoa in Italy
|• President||office abolished|
|• Total||1,838 km2 (710 sq mi)|
|• Density||480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
16010 - 16049, 16100
|Telephone prefix||010, 0185|
It has an area of 1,838 square kilometres (710 sq mi) and a total population of about 0.9 million (2009). There are 67 communes in the Metropolitan City of Genoa.
The city of Genoa would be named after a mythical two-headed God, Janus, protector of ships. Or it could derives from a Ligurian tribal word, for "knee" (genu), or the Latin name for gate, "janua". The city is set at the foot of mountains in the Gulf of Genoa at the most northerly end of the Tyrrhenian Sea, where at one time it ruled the maritime world. Genoa has fine examples of Baroque Church and Palace architecture.
With the establishment of the Republic of Genoa in the 11th century, the whole territory subjected to it was divided into underlying local podesterias. At the same time, in some areas of the Genoese territory, the creation of lordships, subjected or, in other cases, even semi-independent from Genoa, were administered by the various noble families of the time; among these the Fieschi, the Spinola, the Doria and the Malaspina, among the best known. Administrative and jurisdictional divisions of the territory which on several occasions also led to clashes between cities, sometimes even neighboring ones, in favor or against the domination of "La Superba".
The history of the provincial territory remained almost tied to the historical facts that affected the Genoese republic, until its end in 1797. In 1800, Napoleon became Emperor and King of Italy, and it became part of the French Empire. When Napoleon was defeated in 1814, it became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia. At that time Genoa was the most important port and trading center in Italy.
The Province of Genoa was established in 1859 by decree and was established on 1 March 1860. The first chairman was Antonio Caveri, a lawyer. It was subdivided into five districts, Levante, Chiavari, Genoa, Savona, and Albenga, which largely corresponded to previous divisions of the Republic of Genoa, which had broken up after Napoleon's Italian campaign. King Vittorio Emanuele II approved the province's coat of arms in 1875 and they were amended in 1933 by the Fascist Government by the addition of fasces.
- Most populated municipalities
Below is a list of the ten municipalities of the province sorted by number of inhabitants at 31 December 2010:
|8º||Santa Margherita Ligure||9.915|
- Dino Cinel (1 January 1982). From Italy to San Francisco: The Immigrant Experience. Stanford University Press. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-0-8047-1117-3.
- P. Cavanna, P. Loss, M. Boccaccio, B. Cervetto, M. Fantoni, G. Isola, R. Olivieri (1980). "Storia della Provincia di Genova". Brevi cenni sulla storia dell’Ente Provincia (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2006-05-11. Retrieved 2015-08-05.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
Media related to Province of Genoa at Wikimedia Commons