Province of Huelva

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A wetland area of Donana National Park
A wetland area of Donana National Park
Flag of Huelva
Coat of arms of Huelva
Coat of arms
Map of Spain with Huelva highlighted
Map of Spain with Huelva highlighted
Coordinates: 37°33′N 6°55′W / 37.550°N 6.917°W / 37.550; -6.917Coordinates: 37°33′N 6°55′W / 37.550°N 6.917°W / 37.550; -6.917
Autonomous communityAndalusia Andalusia
 • Total10,148 km2 (3,918 sq mi)
Area rankRanked
 • Total483,792
 • RankRanked
 • Density48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Official language(s)Spanish
ParliamentCortes Generales

Huelva (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈwelβa]) is a province of southern Spain, in the western part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is bordered by Portugal, the provinces of Badajoz, Seville, and Cádiz, and the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Huelva.

Its area is 10,148 km². Its population is 483,792 (2005), of whom about 30% live in the capital, and its population density is 47.67/km². It contains 79 municipalities.

The economy is based on agriculture and mining. The famous Rio Tinto mines have been worked since before 1000 BC, and were the major source of copper for the Roman Empire. As an indication of the scope of ancient mining, sixteen million tons of Roman slag have been identified at the Roman mines. British companies resumed large-scale mining in 1873; the district is the namesake of the Rio Tinto Group.[1]

The province contains Palos de la Frontera, and Moguer, where Christopher Columbus sailed out of on his first voyage in 1492, and shares the Parque Nacional de Doñana.


The delayed tourist development of the province has allowed better city planning than in other regions on the Spanish coast. The nuclei of Islantilla and Isla Canela are an example of this attempt to plan in a more coherent form. Although in a smaller scale in comparison to other regions, urban pressure continues. Previous developments that had little planning until recent time are El Rompido, El Portil, Mazagón and Matalascañas (Torre de la Higuera).

Although Punta Umbría had its beginnings like pedanía de Cartaya, after the democratization of summer tourism, it began its urban development for its proximity to the capital and its location on the beach. Present development would not endure without tourist activity and its vacation housing. Other tourist areas are Nuevo Umbría, Nuevo Portil, Punta del Moral, La Antilla and Urbasur. The marismas de Isla Cristina, next to the towns of Ayamonte and Isla Cristina, are a protected nature reserve.

Of note is Huelva‘s recent classification of “rural tourism” for its interior mountain range.


In the province of Huelva, more particularly cities such as Palos de la Frontera[2][3] and Moguer, an intensive strawberry industry is present.[4]

The strawberry industry in the province of Huelva provides labour opportunities to migrant workers (from Morocco and eastern Europe). In 2018, some incidents of rape, forced prostitution of migrant workers and poor housing conditions and sanitation have been claimed.[5] According to Mujeres 24H, Moroccan women that do not speak Spanish are deliberately targeted because of their vulnerability and inability to understand their contracts written in Spanish or claim their rights. Besides Mujeres 24H, other local women organisations such as women’s Huelva Acoge and Women in Conflict Zones (Mujer en Zone de Conflictos) also work on issues of violence against women in the region and Sindicato Andaluz de Trabajadores (SAT) also speaks out on the issue of right for migrant workers. Due to circumstances, only a few cases were brought to trial.

Green electricity[edit]

Huelva has 388 megawatts (MW) of wind power, 68 MW biomass power, and 66 MW of solar power.[6] A 220 kilovolt transmission line has been constructed to send power to the main grid as well as improving connections between Spain and Portugal.[7]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]