Province of Lucca

Coordinates: 43°51′N 10°31′E / 43.850°N 10.517°E / 43.850; 10.517
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Province of Lucca
Laghetti di Compione in Appennino Tosco-Emiliano National Park
Flag of Province of Lucca
Coat of arms of Province of Lucca
Map highlighting the location of the province of Lucca within the Tuscany region of Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Lucca within the Tuscany region of Italy
Country Italy
 • PresidentLuca Menesini
 • Total1,773 km2 (685 sq mi)
 (31 March 2017)
 • Total390,025
 • Density220/km2 (570/sq mi)
 • Total€10.543 billion (2015)
 • Per capita€26,871 (2015)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Telephone prefix0583 and 0584
Vehicle registrationLU
WebsiteOfficial website

The province of Lucca (Italian: provincia di Lucca) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Lucca.

It has an area of 1,773 square kilometres (685 sq mi) and a population of about 390,000. The province contains 33 comuni (sg.: comune).[2]


Situated in northwestern coastal Italy, within Tuscany, Lucca borders the Ligurian Sea to the west, the provinces of Massa e Carrara to the northwest, Pisa to the south, Pistoia to the north-east and Firenze to the east. To the north it abuts the region of Emilia-Romagna (Provinces of Reggio Emilia and Province of Modena). Access to the Ligurian Sea is through municipalities such as Torre del Lago, Viareggio, and Forte dei Marmi. It is divided into four areas; Piana di Lucca, Versilia, Media Valle del Serchio and Garfagnana.[3] Versilia is known for its extensive beaches, and there are coastal dunes and wetlands in the Migliarino-San Rossore-Massaciuccoli Natural Park. The principal resorts of the province are located at Viareggio, Lido di Camaiore, Pietrasanta and Forte dei Marmi. Garfagnana is known for its wooded hills and olive trees.[4]

Lago di Massaciuccoli is a lake with a surface area of 6.9 square kilometres (2.7 sq mi), located mainly in the municipality of Massarosa and partly in Torre del Lago, a civil parish of Viareggio. The lake was known in ancient times as the Fossis Papirianis, a name used in the Tabula Peutingeriana. The composer Giacomo Puccini lived nearby and frequently hunted around the lake; today the Puccini Festival is held there annually in celebration.[5] The springs of Bagni di Lucca, in valley of the Lima River, a tributary of the Serchio are known from the early history of Lucca as the Vicaria di Val di Lima,[6] and Fallopius once claimed that the springs cured his own deafness.

Main sights[edit]

Façade and bell tower of Lucca Cathedral

Situated along the Via Francigena, a major Medieval pilgrimage route, the province is dotted with castles, abbeys, parish churches and villas such as the Villa Torrigiani and Villa Mansi.[4] Lucca Cathedral, also known as the Duomo of San Martino, was originally built in the 6th century, but was rebuilt in the 11th century in the Romanesque style, consecrated by Alexander II in 1070.[7] It was restored again with Tuscan Gothic influences in the 14th century, when columns of the upper arches were added. The Church of San Frediano, also in the city Lucca, is reputed to be only example of Lombard architecture preserved without notable alteration, although the façade dates to about 1200. The church contains some valuable pieces of art, as does the Mansi Palace and the 14th-century Church of San Francesco, which contains the tomb of the Lucchese poet Giovanni Guidiccioni.[8]

The Casa Guinigi and the Guinigi Tower of Lucca is a fine example of remaining medieval architecture in the province; construction began in 1384 to accommodate the wealthy Guinigi family. Paolo Guinigi was a ruler of the town a little later in the early 15th century. 44.25 metres (145.2 ft) high, it was built with sandstone and brick from Matraia and Verrucano from the Monti Pisani. Only one of the original towers remains, and loggia and the porch on the ground floor of it have been shut off.

Also of note is an Aqueduct of Nottolini consisting of 459 arches, constructed between 1823 and 1832.[9]


List of presidents of the province of Lucca[edit]

  President Term start Term end Party
Giuseppe Bicocchi 1975 1985 Christian Democracy
Piero Leonardo Andreucci 1985 1990 Christian Democracy
Franco Antonio Fanucchi 1990 1992[10] Christian Democracy
Piero Baccelli 1992 1992[10] Christian Democracy
Pier Giorgio Licheri 1993 1994 Christian Democracy
Enrico Grabau 1994 1997 National Alliance
Andrea Tagliasacchi 1997 2001 Democratic Party of the Left
Democrats of the Left
2001 2006
Stefano Baccelli 2006 2011 Democrats of the Left
Democratic Party
2011 2015
Luca Menesini 2015 Incumbent Democratic Party


  1. ^ Regions and Cities > Regional Statistics > Regional Economy > Regional Gross Domestic Product (Small regions TL3), OECD.Stats. Accessed on 16 November 2018.
  2. ^ Official website (in Italian)
  3. ^ "Territorio" (in Italian). Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Lucca". Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  5. ^ Strachan, Donald; Keeling, Stephen (15 June 2011). Frommer's Tuscany, Umbria and Florence With Your Family. John Wiley & Sons. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-470-74988-3.
  6. ^ "Associazione Vicaria Val di Lima". Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  7. ^ Starke, Mariana (1837). Travels in Europe for the Use of Travellers on the Continent Including the Island of Sicily, where the Author Had Never Been Till the Year 1834 by Mariana Starke. John Murray. p. 107.
  8. ^ Bertelli, Sergio (2004). Trittico: Lucca, Ragusa, Boston : tre città mercantili tra Cinque e Seicento (in Italian). Donzelli Editore. p. 267. ISBN 978-88-7989-909-3.
  9. ^ Herbermann, Charles George; Pace, Edward Aloysius (1950). The Catholic Encyclopedia: Laprade-Mass. Appleton. p. 405.
  10. ^ a b Resigned.

External links[edit]

43°51′N 10°31′E / 43.850°N 10.517°E / 43.850; 10.517