Province of Sassari

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Province of Sassari
The Palace of the Province of Sassari, Sassari
The Palace of the Province of Sassari, Sassari
Coat of arms of Province of Sassari
Coat of arms
Map highlighting the location of the province of Sassari in Italy
Map highlighting the location of the province of Sassari in Italy
Country Italy
RegionSardinia
Capital(s)Sassari
Comuni92
Government
 • Extraordinary commissarGuido Sechi
Area
 • Total7,692 km2 (2,970 sq mi)
Population
 (31 July 2017)
 • Total493,357
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
07000-07100
Telephone prefix079
Vehicle registrationSS
ISTAT090

The Province of Sassari (Italian: Provincia di Sassari, Sardinian: Provìntzia de Tàtari, Sassarese: Prubìnzia di Sàssari, Catalan: Província de Sàsser) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sardinia in Italy. Its capital is the city of Sassari. As of 2017, the province had a population of 493,357 inhabitants.[1]

History[edit]

In ancient times, between 1600 and 1500 BC, the Nuraghi civilization was at its peak in this area.[2] During the Roman domination, the Logudoro region was one of the main grain suppliers of the Western Roman Empire, and was the seat of several legions. In the Middle Ages, the Logudoro region was the center of one of the four quasi-kingdoms in which Sardinia was divided, the Giudicato di Torres or Logoduro, the first capital being Ardara, later replaced by Sassari.[3] The numerous countryside Romanesque basilicas date from this period. After the conquest by the House of Aragon, Logoduro declined, but later, under the House of Savoy rule as part of the Kingdom of Sardinia,[4] it grew in significance. In the 20th century the construction of roads and railways brought more prosperity, but at the same time destroyed the large forest heritage of the region.

The Province of Sassari was founded in 1859, even before the unification of Italy in 1861, with an area which until 1927 included the entire head of the island, making it the largest province in the country at the time. The modern University of Sassari dates to around the same time that the province was created.[5] Since 1878 the province has been administered from the Palazzo della Provincia in Sassari.

Geography[edit]

Facing the Sardinian Sea to the north and west, the Province of Sassari is bordered to the south by the provinces of Nuoro and Oristano and east by the Province of Olbia-Tempio. It has an area of 4,282 square kilometres (1,653 sq mi), and a total population of 334,413 (2014). There are 66 municipalities (comuni) in the province, the largest of which are Sassari, Alghero, Porto Torres, Sorso, Ozieri, Ittiri and Sennori.[6] Another town of note, Pattada, is particularly known for its handmade knives.[2]

In the province is the only natural lake in Sardinia, Lake Baratz, and one of the largest artificial lakes, Lake Coghinas in the western part[2] which (before the re-organization of Sardinian provinces) formed the boundary with the abolished province of Olbia-Tempio. In this territory is one of the largest plains in Sardinia, Nurra.[2] The province contains some of the most famous resorts of Sardinia including Castelsardo, Porto Torres, Alghero, the Riviera del Corallo, Stintino and others. Stintino is located on the peninsula of the same name, running from the Nurra plain to the Asinara Island, part of the Asinara National Park. Among the notable beaches of the Province of Sassari is Balai in Porto Torres, Pelosa Beach in Stintino, and others such as Alghero il Lido, Maria Pia, Bombarde, and Mugoni. The inner part of the province in the traditional Logoduro region is characterized by a hilly and mountainous landscape, with soft volcanic terrains. The town of Ozieri is its most important center for culture and history away from the coast, noted for its production of tools and pottery from ancient times.[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The province includes 92 comuni. The largest by population are Sassari (127,217 inhabitants), Olbia (60,181) and Alghero (43,945).

Government[edit]

List of Presidents of the Province of Sassari[edit]

  President Term start Term end Party
1 Nino Campus 1952 1956 Christian Democracy
2 Antonio Porqueddu 1956 1961 Christian Democracy
3 Lorenzo Forteleoni 1961 1964 Christian Democracy
4 Salvatore Maniga 1964 1970 Christian Democracy
5 Gavino Bazzoni 1970 1974 Christian Democracy
6 Michele Corda 1974 1975 Christian Democracy
7 Giommaria Cherchi 1975 1980 Italian Communist Party
8 Giovanni Desini 1980 1985 Italian Democratic Socialist Party
9 Vittorio Francesco Sanna 1985 1990 Christian Democracy
10 Giacomo Sanna 1990 1994 Sardinian Action Party
11 Antonio Pompedda 1994 1995 Democratic Party of the Left
12 Pietro Soddu 1995 2000 Italian People's Party
13 Franco Masala 2000 2005 Forza Italia
14 Alessandra Giudici 2005 2010 The Daisy
Democratic Party
2010 2015
Guido Sechi 2015 Incumbent Special Commissioner

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population data from ISTAT
  2. ^ a b c d "Sassari". Italia.it. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  3. ^ Simonis, Damien (2003). Sardinia. Lonely Planet. p. 83. ISBN 978-1-74059-033-4.
  4. ^ A Gazetteer of the World: Or, Dictionary of Geographical Knowledge. A. Fullarton. 1859. p. 444.
  5. ^ Barnard, Henry (1870). The American journal of education. F.C. Brownell. p. 198.
  6. ^ "Statistiche". Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT). Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  7. ^ Dyson, Stephen L.; Jr., Robert J. Rowland, (10 December 2007). Archaeology and History in Sardinia from the Stone Age to the Middle Ages: Shepherds, Sailors, and Conquerors. UPenn Museum of Archaeology. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-934536-02-5.

External links[edit]