Province of Savona
|Province of Savona|
Map highlighting the location of the province of Savona in Italy
|• President||Monica Giuliano|
|• Total||1,545 km2 (597 sq mi)|
|• Density||190/km2 (480/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||12071, 17010,
|Telephone prefix||019, 0182|
The province of Savona (Italian: provincia di Savona; Ligurian: provinsa de Sann-a) is a province in the Liguria region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Savona, which has a population of 61,529 inhabitants. The province has a total population of 282,607 inhabitants over a surface area of 1,546.29 square kilometres (597.03 sq mi), giving it a population density of 182.77 inhabitants per square kilometre. The provincial president is Monica Giuliano.
Savona was first settled by the Ligurian tribe, the Sabazi, who supported the Carthaginians in the Punic Wars. This support of the Carthaginian Empire led to Savona being conquered by the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages, Savona allied with Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor and fought against Genoa. In 1440 it also fought against Genoa during its war against the Visconti of Milan; in response, Genoa sacked the city and destroyed the port and shipping. It allied itself with the French in the 16th century, but this campaign also failed and resulted in Genoa invading the area again, this time destroying three loaded ships and the port.
The Palazzo della Rovere was constructed in the province for the Holy See, but this was not completed and became a courthouse. A cathedral is located in the province that was built from 1589 to 1605, and a Sistine Chapel is located near the cathedral, built under the orders of the papacy. It was occupied by Napoleon's French forces at the start of the 19th century, but the area was later conquered from Napoleon by the Kingdom of Sardinia. Following this, ironworks were founded in Savona and the port revived.
The province of Savona is one of four provinces in the region of Liguria which forms a coastal strip in the northwest of Italy. Savona has a long coastline on the Gulf of Genoa; the Province of Imperia lies to the west and the Province of Genova lies to the east. The region of Piedmont lies inland, with the Province of Cuneo to the northwest and the provinces of Asti and Alessandria to the north. The provincial capital is the city of Savona. Inland is the mountain chain formed by the Maritime Alps and the Apennines.
- "Provincia di Savona". Tutt Italia. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 169–170. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1.
- The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (13 ed.). Times Books. 2011. p. 76. ISBN 9780007419135.
- Official website. (Italian)