Province of Saxony

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The subject of this article was previously also known as Saxony. For other uses, see Saxony (disambiguation).
Province of Saxony
Provinz Sachsen
Province of Prussia
Magdeburg-Erzbistum.PNG
 
Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png
 

 

1816–1944
1945

 

Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Saxony
Saxony (red), within the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), within the German Empire
Capital Magdeburg
52°8′N 11°37′E / 52.133°N 11.617°E / 52.133; 11.617Coordinates: 52°8′N 11°37′E / 52.133°N 11.617°E / 52.133; 11.617
History
 -  Established 1816
 -  Redivided 1 July 1944
 -  Partly reformed early 1945
 -  Disestablished 1945
Area
 -  1939 25,529 km2 (9,857 sq mi)
Population
 -  1816 1,197,053 
 -  1905 2,978,679 
 -  1939 3,662,546 
Density 143.5 /km2  (371.6 /sq mi)
Political subdivisions Magdeburg
Merseburg
Erfurt

The Province of Saxony (German: Provinz Sachsen) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Free State of Prussia from 1816 until 1945. Its capital was Magdeburg.

History[edit]

The province was created in 1816 out of the following territories:

The provincial coat-of-arms as part of the Free State of Prussia after 1918.

The Province of Saxony was one of the richest regions of Prussia with highly developed agriculture and industry. In 1932 the province was enlarged with the addition of the regions around Ilfeld and Elbingerode, which had previously been part of the Province of Hanover.

On 1 July 1944, the Province of Saxony was divided along the lines of its three administrative regions. The Erfurt Regierungsbezirk was merged with the Herrschaft Schmalkalden district of the Province of Hesse-Nassau and given to the state of Thuringia. The Magdeburg Regierungsbezirk became the Province of Magdeburg, and the Merseburg Regierungsbezirk became the Province of Halle-Merseburg.

In 1945, the Soviet military administration combined Magdeburg and Halle-Merseburg with the State of Anhalt into the Province of Saxony-Anhalt, with Halle as its capital. The eastern part of the Blankenburg exclave of Brunswick and the Thuringian exclave of Allstedt were also added to Saxony-Anhalt. In 1947, Saxony-Anhalt became a state.

Thuringia and Saxony-Anhalt were abolished in 1952, but were recreated after the reunification of Germany in 1990 with some slight border changes as modern states of Germany.

Subdivisions[edit]

Prior to 1944, the province of Saxony was divided into three Regierungsbezirke. In 1945, only the provinces of Magdeburg and Halle-Merseburg were re-merged.

Regierungsbezirk Magdeburg[edit]

The Province of Saxony before 1918

Urban districts (Stadtkreise)

  1. Aschersleben (1901–1950)
  2. Burg bei Magdeburg (1924–1950)
  3. Halberstadt (1817–1825 and 1891–1950)
  4. Magdeburg
  5. Quedlinburg (1911–1950)
  6. Stendal (1909–1950)

Rural districts (Landkreise)

  1. Calbe a./S.
  2. Gardelegen
  3. Haldensleben
  4. Jerichow I
  5. Jerichow II
  6. Oschersleben (Bode)
  7. Osterburg
  8. Quedlinburg
  9. Salzwedel
  10. Stendal
  11. Wanzleben
  12. Wernigerode
  13. Wolmirstedt

Regierungsbezirk Merseburg[edit]

Urban districts (Stadtkreise)

  1. Eisleben (1908–1950)
  2. Halle a. d. Saale
  3. Merseburg (1921–1950)
  4. Naumburg a. d. Saale (1914–1950)
  5. Weißenfels (1899–1950)
  6. Wittenberg (Lutherstadt)
  7. Zeitz (1901–1950)

Rural districts (Landkreise)

  1. Bitterfeld
  2. Delitzsch
  3. Eckartsberga
  4. Liebenwerda
  5. Mansfelder Gebirgskreis
  6. Mansfelder Seekreis
  7. Merseburg
  8. Querfurt
  9. Saalkreis
  10. Sangerhausen
  11. Schweinitz
  12. Torgau
  13. Weißenfels
  14. Wittenberg
  15. Zeitz

Regierungsbezirk Erfurt[edit]

Urban districts (Stadtkreise)

  1. Erfurt (1816–1818 and 1872–present)
  2. Mühlhausen (1892–1950)
  3. Nordhausen (1882–1950)

Rural districts (Landkreise)

  1. Hohenstein county
  2. Heiligenstadt
  3. Langensalza
  4. Mühlhausen
  5. Schleusingen
  6. Weißensee
  7. Worbis
  8. Ziegenrück

See also[edit]

External links[edit]