Province of Udine
|Province of Udine|
Map highlighting the location of the province of Udine in Italy
|• President||Pietro Fontanini|
|• Total||4,905 km2 (1,894 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||33100 (Udine), 33010-33011, 33013, 33015-33059|
|Telephone prefix||0432 (Udine),0427, 0428, 0431, 0433|
The province of Udine (Italian: provincia di Udine, Friulian: provincie di Udin, Slovene: videmska pokrajina, German: provinz Udine) is a province in the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia of Italy, bordering Austria and Slovenia. Its provincial capital is the city of Udine, which has a population of 99,473 inhabitants. It has a total population of 536,180 inhabitants over a surface area of 4,907.24 square kilometres (1,894.70 sq mi), giving it a population density of 109.26 inhabitants per square kilometre. The provincial president is Pietro Fontanini.
Not much information is known about Udine prior to its ownership by the episcopal see the Patriarchate of Aquileia in 983. The Patriarchate of Aquileia did not reside in Udine until after the 1200s, when they began by living in the castle of Udine, followed by its archiepiscopal palace. In 1350, Austria intervened in the region and caused a number of factional problems for residents. It was annexed by Venice in 1420 and control over Udine was granted to Tristano Savorgnan, the leader of a family in the city. His family had mostly been executed for opposing the Austrians and were allied with Venice.
Under the rule of Venice and the family of Savorgnan, Udine fell into decline due to neglect, although it continued to be ruled by Venice until the French forces of Napoleon conquered the region. Following this, Austria gained control over Udine in 1814 but this was not received well by residents; they announced independence from Austria in 1848 that resulted in the Austrians bombarding the city with its artillery. The unification of Italy in 1866 prevented any further Austrian rule. In World War I, Udine was the main base for the forces of Italy until Austria occupied the city in October 1917; it was liberated by Italy in November 1918.
The province of Udine is the largest and most populous of the four provinces in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia in northeastern Italy. To the north is the international border with Austria and Slovenia. To the west lies the Province of Pordenone, which was subdivided from Udine in 1968. To the southwest lies the Province of Venice and to the east, the Province of Trieste. The south of the province has a coastline on the Adriatic Sea. The province is located in the lowlands of the Po-Venetian Valley, south of the Venetian Prealps and the Alpine foothills of Friuli. The provincial capital is the city of Udine.
The northerly part of the province is mountainous with pine forests, upland pastures and mountain lakes. The hilly area in the centre is characterised by vineyards which produces the wines of the region, including an internationally famous white wine. The southwesterly part of the province is flat, low-lying land farmed and irrigated intensively, and the coast has beaches, sand dunes and lagoons. To the southeast, the land is higher where the limestone Karst Plateau reaches the Adriatic, and there are cliffs on the coast. A number of rivers cross the province, rising in the Alps and flowing south to the Adriatic. Foremost of these is the Tagliamento which forms the western boundary of the province. The soil is porous and much of the water from the mountains flows underground to resurface as a zone of springs on the plain.
The top 10 countries of origin of the inhabitants of Udine with foreign citizenship at 31 December 2010 were:
- Romania 7815
- Albania 5395
- Ukraine 2498
- Serbia 2143
- Morocco 1941
- Bosnia 1652
- Croatia 1551
- Ghana 1471
- Macedonia 1373
- China 960
- "Provincia di Udine". Tutt Italia. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-313-30733-1.
- The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (13 ed.). Times Books. 2011. p. 76. ISBN 9780007419135.
- Springs and spring watercourses: Springs in the Northern Italian plains (pdf). Italian Habitats. Italian Ministry of the Environment and Territory Protection / Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio, Friuli Museum of Natural History / Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale, Comune di Udine. 2002. ISBN 88-88192-04-2. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
- ISTAT. "Udine". ISTAT. Retrieved 2012-06-06.