Provinces of Afghanistan

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Provinces of Afghanistan
Afghanistan provinces numbered gray.PNG
CategoryUnitary state
LocationAfghanistan
Number34 provinces
Populations147,964 (Nuristan) – 4,372,977 (Kabul)
Areas737 sq mi (1,908 km2) (Kapisa) – 22,512 sq mi (58,305 km2) (Helmand)
Government
Subdivisions

Afghanistan is divided into 34 provinces (ولايت, wilåyat). The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions. Each province encompasses a number of districts or usually over 1,000 villages.

Provincial governors have played a critical role in the reconstruction of the Afghan state following the creation of the new government under Hamid Karzai.[1] According to international security scholar, Dipali Mukhopadhyay, many of the provincial governors are former warlords who have been incorporated into the political system.[1]

Provinces of Afghanistan[edit]

Afghanistan political map- provinces named.
Provinces of Afghanistan[2]
Province Map # ISO 3166-2:AF[3] License
Plate
Code
Capital Area
(km2)
Population
(2015)[4]
Population
(2020)[5]
Population
density
(per km2
in 2020)[6]
No. of
Districts
U.N. Region Region
Badakhshan 30 AF-BDS BDN Fayzabad 44,836 950,953 1,054,100 23.5 29 North East North
Badghis 4 AF-BDG BDG Qala i Naw 20,794 495,958 549,600 26.4 7 West Central
Baghlan 19 AF-BGL BAG Puli Khumri 18,255 910,784 1,014,600 55.6 16 North East North
Balkh 13 AF-BAL BLH Mazar-i-Sharif 16,186 1,325,659 1,509,200 93.2 15 North West North
Bamyan 15 AF-BAM BAM Bamyan 18,029 487,218 495,600 27.5 7 West Central
Daykundi 10 AF-DAY DYK Nili 17,501 507,339 516,500 29.5 8 South West South
Farah 2 AF-FRA FRH Farah 49,339 507,405 563,000 11.4 11 West Central
Faryab 5 AF-FYB FYB Maymana 20,798 998,147 1,109,200 53.3 14 North West North
Ghazni 16 AF-GHA GAZ Ghazni 22,460 1,228,831 1,362,500 60.7 19 South East South
Ghor 6 AF-GHO GHR Chaghcharan 36,657 790,296 764,500 20.9 11 West Central
Helmand 7 AF-HEL HEL Lashkargah 58,305 924,711 1,446,200 24.8 13 South West South
Herat 1 AF-HER HRT Herat 55,868 1,890,202 2,140,700 38.3 15 West Central
Jowzjan 8 AF-JOW JZJ Sheberghan 11,292 540,255 602,100 53.3 9 North West North
Kabul 22 AF-KAB KBL Kabul 4,524 4,372,977 5,204,700 1,150.5 18 Central Central
Kandahar 12 AF-KAN KRD Kandahar 54,844 1,226,593 1,399,600 25.5 16 South West South
Kapisa 29 AF-KAP KPS Mahmud-i-Raqi 1,908 441,010 488,300 255.9 7 Central Central
Khost 26 AF-KHO KST Khost 4,235 574,582 636,500 150.3 13 South East South
Kunar 34 AF-KNR KNR Asadabad 4,926 450,652 499,400 101.4 15 East Central
Kunduz 18 AF-KDZ KDZ Kunduz 8,081 1,010,037 1,136,700 140.7 7 North East North
Laghman 32 AF-LAG LGM Mihtarlam 3,978 445,588 493,500 124.1 5 East Central
Logar 23 AF-LOG LGR Pul-i-Alam 4,568 392,045 434,400 95.1 7 Central Central
Nangarhar 33 AF-NAN NGR Jalalabad 7,641 1,517,388 1,701,700 222.7 23 East Central
Nimruz 3 AF-NIM NRZ Zaranj 42,410 164,978 183,600 4.3 5 South West South
Nuristan 31 AF-NUR NUR Parun 9,267 147,967 163,800 17.7 7 East Central
Paktia 24 AF-PIA PAK Gardez 5,583 551,987 612,000 109.6 11 South East South
Paktika 25 AF-PKA PKT Sharana 19,516 434,742 775,500 39.7 15 South East South
Panjshir 28 AF-PAN PJR Bazarak 3,772 371,902 169,900 45.0 7 Central Central
Parwan 20 AF-PAR PRN Charikar 5,715 664,502 737,700 129.1 9 Central Central
Samangan 14 AF-SAM SAM Samangan 13,438 387,928 430,500 32.0 5 North West North
Sar-e Pol 9 AF-SAR SRP Sar-e Pol 16,386 559,577 621,000 37.9 7 North West North
Takhar 27 AF-TAK TAK Taloqan 12,458 983,336 1,093,100 87.7 16 North East North
Uruzgan 11 AF-URU ORZ Tarinkot 11,474 386,818 436,100 38.0 6 South West South
Maidan Wardak 21 AF-WAR WDK Maidan Shar 10,348 596,287 660,300 63.8 9 Central Central
Zabul 17 AF-ZAB ZBL Qalat 17,472 304,126 384,300 22.0 9 South West South

Former provinces of Afghanistan[edit]

Provinces of Afghanistan in 1929.

During Afghanistan's history it had a number of provinces in it. It started out as just Kabul, Herat, Qandahar, and Balkh but the number of provinces increased and by 1880 the provinces consisted of Balkh, Herat, Qandahar, Ghazni, Jalalabad, and Kabul.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mukhopadhyay, Dipali (2014). "Building a Theory of Strongman Governance in Afghanistan". Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan. p. 43. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139161817.001. ISBN 9781139161817.
  2. ^ Afghan school books - Geography G-12, Page 22-23 (in Persian) https://moe.gov.af/sites/default/files/2020-03/G12-Dr-Geography.pdf
  3. ^ ISO 3166-2:AF (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Afghanistan)
  4. ^ "registered through Argeweb". www.geohive.com.
  5. ^ Central Statistics Office Afghanistan (web).
  6. ^ "Afghanistan: Province Dashboard". World Bank.
  7. ^ Andrew, W. P. (1880). Our Scientific Frontier.

External links[edit]