Provinces of Afghanistan

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Provinces of Afghanistan
Also known as:
Wilayat'
Afghanistan provinces numbered gray.PNG
CategoryUnitary state
LocationIslamic Republic of Afghanistan
Number34 provinces
Populations147,964 (Nuristan) – 4,372,977 (Kabul)
Areas1,910 km2 (737 sq mi) (Kapisa) – 58,310 km2 (22,512 sq mi) (Helmand)
GovernmentProvincial government, National government
SubdivisionsDistrict (Wulesswali)

Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت, wilåyat). The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions. Each province encompasses a number of districts or usually over 1,000 villages.

Provincial governments are led by a governor who is appointed by the President of Afghanistan.[1] Each province is represented in the government of Afghanistan by two members in the House of Elders. One is elected by the provincial council to a four-year term while the second is elected by the district councils to a three-year term. Representation in the House of the People is directly from the districts, although in each province, two or more of the representatives must be women. They are appointed by the President of Afghanistan.

Provincial governors have played a critical role in the reconstruction of the Afghan state following the creation of the new government under Hamid Karzai.[2] According to international security scholar, Dipali Mukhopadhyay, many of the provincial governors are former warlords who have been incorporated into the political system.[2]

Provinces of Afghanistan[edit]

Afghanistan political map- provinces named.
National emblem of Afghanistan.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Afghanistan
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Provinces of Afghanistan[3]
Province Map # ISO 3166-2:AF[4] License
Plate
Code
Capital Population
(2015)[5]
Area
(km²)
Population
density
(km²)[6]
No. of
Districts
U.N. Region Region
Badakhshan 30 AF-BDS BDN Fayzabad 950,953 44,844 22.2 29 North East North
Badghis 4 AF-BDG BDG Qala i Naw 495,958 20,791 24.3 7 West Central
Baghlan 19 AF-BGL BAG Puli Khumri 910,784 18,255 52.1 16 North East North
Balkh 13 AF-BAL BLH Mazar-i-Sharif 1,325,659 16,186 80.7 15 North West North
Bamyan 15 AF-BAM BAM Bamyan 487,218 18,029 25.4 7 West Central
Daykundi 10 AF-DAY DYK Nili 507,339 17,515 28.1 8 South West South
Farah 2 AF-FRA FRH Farah 507,405 49,339 10.4 11 West Central
Faryab 5 AF-FYB FYB Maymana 998,147 20,793 49.0 14 North West North
Ghazni 16 AF-GHA GAZ Ghazni 1,228,831 22,460 57.4 19 South East South
Ghor 6 AF-GHO GHR Chaghcharan 790,296 36,676 18.9 11 West Central
Helmand 7 AF-HEL HEL Lashkargah 924,711 58,305 15.9 13 South West South
Herat 1 AF-HER HRT Herat 1,890,202 55,868 35.1 15 West Central
Jowzjan 8 AF-JOW JZJ Sheberghan 540,255 11,291 49.5 9 North West North
Kabul 22 AF-KAB KBL Kabul 4,372,977 4,523 917.7 18 Central Central
Kandahar 12 AF-KAN KRD Kandahar 1,226,593 54,864 23.2 16 South West South
Kapisa 29 AF-KAP KPS Mahmud-i-Raqi 441,010 1,908 238.2 7 Central Central
Khost 26 AF-KHO KST Khost 574,582 4,235 136.3 13 South East South
Kunar 34 AF-KNR KNR Asadabad 450,652 4,925 94.5 15 East Central
Kunduz 18 AF-KDZ KDZ Kunduz 1,010,037 8,080 130.3 7 North East North
Laghman 32 AF-LAG LGM Mihtarlam 445,588 3,977 118.1 5 East Central
Logar 23 AF-LOG LGR Pul-i-Alam 392,045 4,568 90.7 7 Central Central
Nangarhar 33 AF-NAN NGR Jalalabad 1,517,388 7,641 208.9 23 East Central
Nimruz 3 AF-NIM NRZ Zaranj 164,978 42,409 4.1 5 South West South
Nuristan 31 AF-NUR NUR Parun 147,967 9,255 16.7 7 East Central
Paktia 24 AF-PIA PAK Gardez 551,987 5,683 106.4 11 South East South
Paktika 25 AF-PKA PKT Sharana 434,742 19,515 23.2 15 South East South
Panjshir 28 AF-PAN PJR Bazarak 371,902 3,771 41.8 7 Central Central
Parwan 20 AF-PAR PRN Charikar 664,502 5,715 120.9 9 Central Central
Samangan 14 AF-SAM SAM Samangan 387,928 13,437 30.6 5 North West North
Sar-e Pol 9 AF-SAR SRP Sar-e Pol 559,577 16,385 37.3 7 North West North
Takhar 27 AF-TAK TAK Taloqan 983,336 12,457 81.2 16 North East North
Uruzgan 11 AF-URU ORZ Tarinkot 386,818 11,473 32.7 6 South West South
Wardak 21 AF-WAR WDK Maidan Shar 596,287 10,348 57.3 9 Central Central
Zabul 17 AF-ZAB ZBL Qalat 304,126 17,471 17.8 9 South West South

Former Provinces of Afghanistan[edit]

Provinces of Afghanistan in 1929.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmed, Azam (8 December 2012). "For Afghan Officials, Facing Prospect of Death Is in the Job Description". New York Times. Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b Mukhopadhyay, Dipali (2014). "Building a Theory of Strongman Governance in Afghanistan". Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan. p. 43. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139161817.001. ISBN 9781139161817.
  3. ^ References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual provincial articles.
  4. ^ ISO 3166-2:AF (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Afghanistan)
  5. ^ Afghanistan at GeoHive
  6. ^ https://www.worldbank.org/en/data/interactive/2019/08/01/afghanistan-interactive-province-level-visualization

External links[edit]