Provinces of Algeria

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Seal of Algeria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria
Foreign relations

Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces), 553 daïras (circles; see Districts of Algeria) and 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune). The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province (which is also the largest city of those) always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name (El Djazayar, the Arabic name for both the city and the country).

According to the Algerian constitution, a wilaya is a territorial collectivity enjoying economic and diplomatic freedom, the APW, or "Popular Provincial Parliament/Provincial Popular Parliament" (the Assemblée Populaire Wilayale, in French) is the political entity governing a province, directed by the "Wali" (Governor), who is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the APW's decisions, the APW has also a president, who is elected by the members of the APW, which is elected by Algerians.

Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order.

The province numbers are the first 31 provinces (see the second section) in Arabic alphabetical order, after the adding of 17 other provinces in 1983, the old numbering was kept and the 17 new provinces have been assigned codes from 32-48, in Arabic alphabetical order. There are 48 provinces (since 1983) in Algeria, they are:


List of the 48 Provinces of Algeria[edit]

Law Number 84-09 of February, 4th 1984 relative to the organisation of the Algerian territory and as updated and complemented by Law Number JO of February, 7th 1984 has fixed the number of ALgerian provinces "Wilaya"s to 48 as well as the list of municipalities "communes" attached to each province.

The following table presents the list of provinces, showing for each province, its numerical code, its name (which is in all times the same as the name of the capital city of the province), the number of districts "daira"s in each province, the number of municipalities as well as the province area and its population.

Code

 
Province

 
Number
of Districts
 
Number
of Municipalities
 
Area
km
 
Population
(2008[1])
 
Density (/km²)
(2008)
01 Adrar 11 28 439,700 399,714 0.94
02 Chlef 13 35 4,795 1,002,088 209
03 Laghouat 10 24 25,057 455,602 18
04 Oum el-Bouaghi 12 29 6,783 621,612 81
05 Batna 22 61 12,192 1,119,791 92
06 Béjaïa 19 52 3,268 912,577 279
07 Biskra 12 33 20,986 721,356 34
08 Béchar 12 21 162,200 270,061 1.7
09 Blida 10 25 1,575 1,002,937 591
10 Bouira 12 45 4,439 695,583 157
11 Tamanghasset 7 10 556,185 176,637 0.32
12 Tébessa 12 28 14,227 648,703 46
13 Tlemcen 20 53 9,061 949,135 105
14 Tiaret 14 42 20,673 846,823 41
15 Tizi Ouzou 21 67 2,956 1,127,608 316
16 Algiers 13 57 1,190 2,988,145 2,511
17 Djelfa 12 36 66,415 1,092,184 46
18 Jijel 11 28 2,577 636,948 247
19 Sétif 20 60 6,504 1,489,979 229
20 Saïda 6 16 6,764 330,641 49
21 Skikda 13 38 4,026 898,680 223
22 Sidi Bel Abbes 15 52 9,096 604,744 66
23 Annaba 6 12 1,439 609,499 424
24 Guelma 10 34 4,101 482,430 118
25 Constantine 6 12 2,187 938,475 427
26 Médéa 19 64 8,866 819,932 92
27 Mostaganem 10 32 2,175 737,118 325
28 M'Sila 15 47 18,718 990,591 53
29 Mascara 16 47 5,941 784,073 132
30 Ouargla 10 21 211,980 558,558 2.6
31 Oran 9 26 2,121 1,454,078 688
32 El Bayadh 8 22 78,870 228,624 3.2
33 Illizi 3 6 285,000 52,333 0.18
34 Bordj Bou Arréridj 10 34 4,115 628,475 160
35 Boumerdès 9 32 1,356 802,083 504
36 El Taref 7 24 3,339 408,414 122
37 Tindouf 1 2 159,000 49,149 0.31
38 Tissemsilt 8 22 3,152 294,476 93
39 El Oued 12 30 54,573 647,548 12
40 Khenchela 8 21 9,811 386,683 40
41 Souk Ahras 10 26 4,541 438,127 95
42 Tipasa 10 28 1,605 591,010 273
43 Mila 13 32 3,407 766,886 220
44 Aïn Defla 14 36 4,891 766,013 156
45 Naama 7 12 29,950 192,891 6.5
46 Aïn Témouchent 8 28 2,379 371,239 156
47 Ghardaïa 9 13 86,105 363,598 4.2
48 Relizane 13 38 4,870 726,180 152
Algérie 548 1541 2,381,741 34,080,030 14

1974-1983[edit]

Provinces of Algeria (1974-1983).svg

The 15 départments were reorganized to form 31 provinces:


1 Adrar
2 Chlef
3 Laghouat
4 Oum el-Bouaghi
5 Batna
6 Béjaïa
7 Biskra
8 Béchar
9 Blida
10 Bouira
11 Tamanghasset
12 Tébessa
13 Tlemcen
14 Tiaret
15 Tizi Ouzou
16 Algiers
17 Djelfa
18 Jijel
19 Sétif
20 Saïda
21 Skikda
22 Sidi Bel Abbes
23 Annaba
24 Guelma
25 Constantine
26 Médéa
27 Mostaganem
28 M'Sila
29 Mascara
30 Ouargla
31 Oran

1957-1974[edit]

Dépatements of Algeria.svg

Immediately after independence, Algeria retained its 15 former French départements, which were renamed wilayas (provinces) in 1968, for the most part, with some name changes:

  • 9A-Alger (Algiers)
  • 9C-Annaba (Formerly Bône, English: Bona)
  • 9B-Batna
  • 9D-Constantine
  • 9H-Orléansville (Then El Asnam, now Chlef)
  • 8A-El Wahat (Currently Ouargla, formerly Oasis)
  • 9E-Médéa
  • 9F-Mostaganem
  • 9G-Oran
  • 9R-Saïda
  • 8B-Saoura (Currently Béchar)
  • 9J-Sétif
  • 9K-Tiaret
  • 9L-Tizi-Ouzou
  • 9M-Tlemcen

1954-1962[edit]

During the Algerian War of Independence, the FLN adopted an organizational system divided by 6 numbered wilayas:

  1. Aurès
  2. Constantine
  3. Kabylie
  4. Algiers
  5. Oran
  6. Sahara

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]