Provinces of Cambodia

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Provinces of Cambodia
Cambodia provinces en.svg
Category Unitary state
Location Kingdom of Cambodia
Number 25 Provinces
Populations 35,753 Kep – 1,501,725 Phnom Penh (2008 est.)
Areas 336 km2 (130 sq mi) Kep – 14,288 km2 (5,517 sq mi) Mondulkiri
Government Provincial Government
Subdivisions District

Cambodia is divided into 25 provinces (Khmer: ខេត្ត, khaet, singular and plural). The capital Phnom Penh is not a province but a special administrative area and is included as the 25th province since it is administered at the same level as the other 24 provinces.

Phnom Penh has both the highest population and the highest population density, but is the second smallest in land area. The largest province by area is Mondulkiri and the smallest is Kep which is also the least populated province. Mondulkiri has the lowest population density despite being the largest province.

Each province is administered by a governor, who is appointed by the Ministry of Interior.

Cambodia is subdivided into 163 districts (srok, ស្រុក). The 12 districts of Phnom Penh are called khan (ខណ្ឌ), but even in official documents they are sometimes misidentified as srok. The number of districts in each province varies, from two in the smallest provinces to 14 in Battambang, Prey Veng, and Siem Reap. Further subdivision levels are khum (ឃុំ)(subdistricts), sangkat (សង្កាត់)(quarters) and finally, phum (ភូមិ) (villages). In Phnom Penh there are no khum.

List of provinces[edit]

No Name Native Name Capital (Seat) Population (2008 census) Area (km²) Density ISO
1 Phnom Penh ភ្នំពេញ Daun Penh 1,501,725 678.46 2,200 KH-12
2 Banteay Meanchey Province បន្ទាយមានជ័យ Serei Saophoan 677,872 6,679 102 KH-1
3 Battambang Province បាត់ដំបង Battambang 1,036,523 15,702 89 KH-2
4 Kampong Cham Province កំពង់ចាម Kampong Cham 928,694 4,549 204 KH-3
5 Kampong Chhnang Province កំពង់ឆ្នាំង Kampong Chhnang 472,341 5,521 86 KH-4
6 Kampong Speu Province កំពង់ស្ពឺ Chbar Mon 716,944 7,017 102 KH-5
7 Kampong Thom Province កំពង់ធំ Stueng Saen 631,409 13,814 51 KH-6
8 Kampot Province កំពត Kampot 585,850 4,873 120 KH-7
9 Kandal Province កណ្តាល Ta Khmau 1,265,280 3,568 355 KH-8
10 Koh Kong Province កោះកុង Khemarak Phoumin 117,481 11,160 12 KH-9
11 Kep Province កែប Kep 35,753 336 120 KH-23
12 Kratié Province ក្រចេះ Kratié 319,217 11,094 29 KH-10
13 Mondulkiri Province មណ្ឌលគីរី Senmonorom 61,107 14,288 4 KH-11
14 Oddar Meanchey Province ឧត្តរមានជ័យ Samraong 185,819 6,158 30 KH-22
15 Pailin Province បៃលិន Pailin 70,486 803 88 KH-24
16 Preah Sihanouk Province ព្រះសីហនុ Sihanoukville 221,396 868 230 KH-18
17 Preah Vihear Province ព្រះវិហារ Preah Vihear 171,139 13,788 12 KH-13
18 Pursat Province ពោធិ៍សាត់ Pursat 397,161 12,692 31 KH-15
19 Prey Veng Province ព្រៃវែង Prey Veng 947,372 4,883 194 KH-14
20 Ratanakiri Province រតនគីរី Banlung 150,466 10,782 14 KH-16
21 Siem Reap Province សៀមរាប Siem Reap 896,443 10,299 87 KH-17
22 Stung Treng Province ស្ទឹងត្រែង Stung Treng 111,671 11,092 10 KH-19
23 Svay Rieng Province ស្វាយរៀង Svay Rieng 482,788 2,966 163 KH-20
24 Takéo Province តាកែវ Doun Kaev 844,906 3,563 237 KH-21
25 Tbong Khmum Province ត្បូងឃ្មុំ Suong 754,000 4,928 153 KH-25


Before 1975[edit]


In 1975 the Khmer Rouge government did away with all former Cambodian traditional administrative divisions. Instead of provinces, Democratic Kampuchea was divided into seven geographic zones: the Northwest, the North, the Northeast, the East, the Southwest, the West and the Centre.

These zones were derived from divisions established by the Khmer Rouge when they fought against the Khmer Republic during the Cambodian Civil War.[1]


On 22 December 2008, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that changed the municipalities of Kep, Pailin and Sihanoukville into provincial municipalities, as well as adjusting several provincial borders.[2]


On 31 December 2013, King Norodom Sihamoni signed a Royal Decree that split Kampong Cham into two provinces: Kampong Cham (west of the Mekong river) and Tbong Khmum (east of the Mekong river).[3]


In September 2018, Interior Minister Sar Kheng proposed establishing two more provinces, with one divided from Kandal Province, and the other from Mondulkiri and Ratanakiri Province.[4] However, Prime Minister Hun Sen rejected such a plan.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ James A. Tyner, The Killing of Cambodia
  2. ^ "Decree Creates Three New Provinces".
  3. ^ "Kampong Cham's great divide".
  4. ^ "Cambodia to Create Two New Provinces in Bid for 'Efficiency'". Voice of America. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.

External links[edit]