Provinces of Rwanda

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Map of provinces, 2006
Coat of arms of Rwanda.svg
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The Provinces of Rwanda, called intara, are divided into districts (akarere) and municipalities (umujyi). Prior to January 1, 2006, Rwanda was composed of 12 provinces. The Rwandan Government decided to establish new provinces in an attempt to address issues that arose from the Genocide against the Tutsi in 1994.[1]

The first goal was to decentralise power. The perception was that Rwanda's centralised governing system had been a contributing factor to the genocide. The new provinces are more multiethnic than the previous twelve which helps to weaken ethnic divisions. Finally, the new provinces do not have the associations that the previous twelve had with events from the genocide.

Until 2002 the provinces were called prefectures (perefegitura).[2]

Provinces[edit]

As of January 1, 2006 the five provinces of Rwanda are:

Province Kinyarwanda name Capital Area
(km2) [3]
Population
(2012 census)[4]
Kigali Umujyi wa Kigali Kigali City 730 1,132,686
Southern Amajyepfo Nyanza 5,963 2,589,975
Western Iburengerazuba Kibuye 5,883 2,471,239
Northern Amajyaruguru Byumba 3,276 1,726,370
Eastern Iburasirazuba Rwamagana 9,458 2,595,703

Provincial districts and sectors[edit]

Eastern Province[edit]

Province District Sector District Sector District Sector District Sector
Eastern Province Nyagatare Rwimiyaga Bugesera Gashora Ngoma Gashanda Rwamagana Fumbwe
Karangazi Juru Jarama Gahengeri
Nyagatare Kamabuye Karembo Gishari
Katabagemu Ntarama Kazo Karenge
Rukomo Mareba Kibungo Kigabiro
Tabagwe Mayange Mugesera Muhazi
Musheli Musenyi Murama Munyaga
Gatunda Mwogo Mutenderi Munyiginya
Mimuli Ngeruka Remera Musha
Karama Nyamata Rukira Muyumbu
Matimba Nyarugenge Rukumberi Mwulire
Mukama Rilima Rurenge Nyakariro
Rwempasha Ruhuha Sake Nzige
Kiyombe Rweru Zaza Rubona
Gatsibo Gasange Shyara Kirehe Gahara
Gatsibo Kayonza Gahini Gatore
Gitoki Kabare Kigarama
Kabarore Kabarondo Kigina
Kageyo Mukarange Kirehe
Kiramuruzi Murama Mahama
Kiziguro Murundi Mpanga
Muhura Mwiri Musaza
Murambi Ndego Mushikiri
Ngarama Nyamirama Nasho
Nyagihanga Rukara Nyamugari
Remera Ruramira Nyarubuye
Rugarama Rwinkwavu
Rwimbogo

Northern Province[edit]

Province District Sector District Sector District Sector
Northern Province Burera Bungwe Gicumbi Bukure Rulindo Base
Butaro Bwisige Burega
Cyanika Byumba Bushoki
Cyeru Cyumba Buyoga
Gahunga Giti Cyinzuzi
Gatebe Kaniga Cyungo
Gitovu Manyagiro Kinihira
Kagogo Miyove Kisaro
Kinoni Kageyo Masoro
Kinyababa Mukarange Mbogo
Kivuye Muko Murambi
Nemba Mutete Ngoma
Rugarama Nyamiyaga Ntarabana
Rugendabari Nyankenke II Rukozo
Ruhunde Rubaya Rusiga
Rusarabuge Rukomo Shyorongi
Rwerere Rushaki Tumba
Gakenke Busengo Rutare
Coko Ruvune
Cyabingo Rwamiko
Gakenke Shangasha
Gashenyi Musanze Busogo
Mugunga Cyuve
Janja Gacaca
Kamubuga Gashaki
Karambo Gataraga
Kivuruga Kimonyi
Mataba Kinigi
Minazi Muhoza
Muhondo Muko
Muyongwe Musanze
Muzo Nkotsi
Nemba Nyange
Ruli Remera
Rusasa Rwaza
Rushashi Shingiro

Western Province[edit]

Province District Sector District Sector District Sector District Sector
Western Province Karongi Bwishyura Nyabihu Bigogwe Rubavu Bugeshi Rutsiro Boneza
Gishyita Jenda Busasamana Gihango
Gishari Jomba Cyanzarwe Kigeyo
Gitesi Kabatwa Gisenyi Kivumu
Mubuga Karago Kanama Manihira
Murambi Kintobo Kanzenze Mukura
Murundi Mukamira Mudende Murunda
Mutuntu Muringa Nyakiliba Musasa
Rubengera Rambura Nyamyumba Mushonyi
Rugabano Rugera Nyundo Mushubati
Ruganda Rurembo Rubavu Nyabirasi
Rwankuba Shyira Rugerero Ruhango
Twumba Nyamasheke Ruharambuga Rusizi Bugarama Rusebeya
Ngororero Bwira Bushekeri Butare
Gatumba Bushenge Bweyeye
Hindiro Cyato Gikundamvura
Kabaya Gihombo Gashonga
Kageyo Kagano Giheke
Kavumu Kanjongo Gihundwe
Matyazo Karambi Gitambi
Muhanda Karengera Kamembe
Muhororo Kirimbi Muganza
Ndaro Macuba Mururu
Ngororero Nyabitekeri Nkanka
Nyange Mahembe Nkombo
Sovu Rangiro Nkungu
Shangi Nyakabuye
Nyakarenzo
Nzahaha
Rwimbogo

Southern Province[edit]

Province District Sector District Sector District Sector District Sector
Southern Province Gisagara Gikonko Kamonyi Gacurabwenge Nyamagabe Buruhukiro Nyaruguru Cyahinda
Gishubi Karama Cyanika Busanze
Kansi Kayenzi Gatare Kibeho
Kibilizi Kayumbu Kaduha Mata
Kigembe Mugina Kamegeli Munini
Mamba Musambira Kibirizi Kivu
Muganza Ngamba Kibumbwe Ngera
Mugombwa Nyamiyaga Kitabi Ngoma
Mukindo Nyarubaka Mbazi Nyabimata
Musha Rugalika Mugano Nyagisozi
Ndora Rukoma Musange Muganza
Nyanza Runda Musebeya Ruheru
Save Muhanga Muhanga Mushubi Ruramba
Huye Gishamvu Cyeza Nkomane Rusenge
Karama Kibangu Gasaka Ruhango Kinazi
Kigoma Kiyumba Tare Byimana
Kinazi Mushishiro Uwinkingi Bweramana
Maraba Kabacuzi Nyanza Busasamana Mbuye
Mbazi Nyabinoni Busoro Ruhango
Mukura Nyamabuye Cyabakamyi Mwendo
Ngoma Nyarusange Kibirizi Kinihira
Ruhashya Rongi Kigoma Ntongwe
Huye Rugendabari Mukingo Kabagari
Rusatira Shyogwe Muyira
Rwaniro Ntyazo
Simbi Nyagisozi
Tumba Rwabicuma

Kigali[edit]

Province District Sector District Sector District Sector
Kigali Gasabo Bumbogo Kicukiro Gahanga Nyarugenge Gitega
Gatsata Gatenga Kanyinya
Jali Gikondo Kigali
Gikomero Kagarama Kimisagara
Gisozi Kanombe Mageragere
Jabana Kicukiro Muhima
Kinyinya Kigarama Nyakabanda
Ndera Masaka Nyamirambo
Nduba Niboye Nyarugenge
Rusororo Nyarugunga Rwezamenyo
Rutunga
Kacyiru
Kimihurura
Kimironko
Remera

Former provinces[edit]

Prior to 2006 the provinces were:

Administrative division between 2002 and 2006.
The eleven prefectures of Rwanda during the genocide in 1994.
Communes of Rwanda prior to 2002, after the formation of Umutara prefecture in 1996.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rwanda Profile: Timeline". BBC News. Retrieved 15 October 2017. 
  2. ^ "Provinces of Rwanda". Statoids. Gwillim Law. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Rwanda at GeoHive Archived 2012-05-22 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Fourth Population and Housing Census: Main Indicators Report (Final Results)", Rwanda Population and Housing Census 2012, Kigali: National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda, p. 3, 2014, Distribution of the Rwandan resident population in 2012 by sex, Province and District 
  5. ^ a b Des Forges, Alison (March 1999). Leave None to Tell the Story: Genocide in Rwanda – History → The Single-Party State. New York: Human Rights Watch. Note 14. ISBN 1-56432-171-1. 

External links[edit]