Provinces of South Korea

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Special self-governing province
특별자치도
特別自治道
Teukbyeol-jachido
Republic of Korea (de-jure).jpg
Category Unitary State
Location Republic of Korea (ROK)
Number 22 (15 controlled by ROK, 5 controlled by DPRK & 2 jointly controlled by ROK and DPRK)
Populations 39,243 (Gyeryong) – 9,904,312 (Seoul)
Areas 4,790 km2 (1,849 sq mi) (Jeju) – 53,270 km2 (20,569 sq mi) (Gangwon)
Government Self-governing
Province
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization do
McCune–Reischauer to
Special self-governing province
Hangul 특별자치도
Hanja 特別自治道
Revised Romanization teukbyeol-jachido
McCune–Reischauer teukbyeol-chach’ido

Provinces are one of the first-level divisions within South Korea. There are 9 provinces in South Korea: North Chungcheong, South Chungcheong, Gangwon, Gyeonggi, North Gyeongsang, South Gyeongsang, North Jeolla, South Jeolla, and Jeju Special Self-Governing Province.

History[edit]

Although the details of local administration have changed dramatically over time, the basic outline of the current three-tiered system was implemented under the reign of Gojong in 1895. A similar system also remains in use in North Korea.

Types[edit]

Provinces (, ) are the highest-ranked administrative divisions in South Korea. Along with the common provinces, there are four types of special administrative divisions with equal status: special autonomous province, special city, metropolitan city, and special autonomous city.

A special autonomous province (특별자치도, 特別自治道) is a province with more autonomy over its economy and more powers are given to the provincial government. Jeju is the only special autonomous province, while Seoul is the only special city and Sejong is the only special autonomous city.

Administration[edit]

Governors for the provinces and mayors for the special/metropolitan cities are elected every four years. Current governors and mayors are listed at List of governors of South Korea.

List of provinces[edit]

Historical province Name Official English name[1] Hangul Hanja ISO Population
(2011 est.)[2]
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Capital Cultural region Abbreviation
Chungcheong North Chungcheong Chungcheongbuk-do 충청북도 忠淸北道 KR-43 1,588,633 7,433[3] 213 Cheongju Hoseo Chungbuk 충북 忠北
South Chungcheong Chungcheongnam-do 충청남도 忠淸南道 KR-44 2,064,665 8,204[4] 251 Hongseong Chungnam 충남 忠南
Gangwon Gangwon Gangwon-do 강원도 江原道 KR-42 1,549,780 20,569[5] 75 Chuncheon Gwandong Gangwon 강원 江原
Gyeonggi Gyeonggi Gyeonggi-do 경기도 京畿道 KR-41 12,239,862 10,171[6] 1,203 Suwon Sudogwon Gyeonggi 경기 京畿
Gyeongsang North Gyeongsang Gyeongsangbuk-do 경상북도 慶尙北道 KR-47 2,739,179 19,030[7] 144 Andong Yeongnam Gyeongbuk 경북 慶北
South Gyeongsang Gyeongsangnam-do 경상남도 慶尙南道 KR-48 3,374,725 10,532[8] 320 Changwon Gyeongnam 경남 慶南
Jeolla North Jeolla Jeollabuk-do 전라북도 全羅北道 KR-45 1,895,882 8,043 236 Jeonju Honam Jeonbuk 전북 全北
South Jeolla Jeollanam-do 전라남도 全羅南道 KR-46 1,938,136 11,858 163 Muan Jeonnam 전남 全南
Jeju Jeju Special Self-Governing Province 제주특별자치도 濟州特別自治道 KR-49 583,284 1,849[9] 315 Jeju Jeju Jeju 제주 濟州

Claimed provinces[edit]

South Korea claims five provinces on the territory controlled by North Korea. These claimed provinces are managed by The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces (Hangul이북5도위원회; Hanja以北五道委員會). These provinces are based on the divisions of Japanese era and are different from the present North Korean provinces.

Historical province Name Hangul Hanja Area (km²) Capital Cultural region Abbreviation
Hamgyeong North Hamgyeong 함경북도 咸鏡北道 20,345 Cheongjin Gwanbuk Hambuk 함북 咸北
South Hamgyeong 함경남도 咸鏡南道 31,977 Hamheung Gwannam Hamnam 함남 咸南
Pyeongan North Pyeongan 평안북도 平安北道 28,443 Sinuiju Gwanseo Pyeongbuk 평북 平北
South Pyeongan 평안남도 平安南道 14,944 Pyeongyang Pyeongnam 평남 平南
Hwanghae Hwanghae 황해도 黃海道 16,744 Haeju Haeseo Hwanghae 황해 黃海

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], p. 41.
  2. ^ "South Korea Administrative Districts". CityPopulation.de. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  3. ^ 충북면적 (in Korean). North Chungcheong Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  4. ^ 일반현황 (in Korean). South Chungcheong Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Natural Environment". Gangwon Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  6. ^ 위치와 자연환경 (in Korean). Gyeonggi Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  7. ^ 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  8. ^ 일반 현황 (in Korean). South Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Geography". Jeju Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.