Provinces of Zambia

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Western North-Western Copperbelt Northern Muchinga Southern Luapula Central Lusaka EasternProvincial Administrative Divisions of Zambia.png
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Zambia is divided into 10 provinces for administrative purposes. Each province is headed by a minister appointed by the President and there are ministries of central government for each province. The administrative head of the province is the Permanent Secretary, appointed by the President. There are Deputy Permanent Secretary, heads of government departments and civil servants at the provincial level.

Provinces are further divided into districts and all the district headquarters are the same as the district names. There are nine councils in the province, each of which is headed by an elected representative, called councilor. Each councilor holds office for three years. Each council is responsible for raising and collecting local taxes and the budgets of the council are audited and submitted every year after the annual budget. Zambia has predominantly rural provinces and hence there are only three municipal councils. The government stipulates 63 different functions for the councils with the majority of them being infrastructure management and local administration.

Western Province was the largest in terms of area, having 126,386 square kilometres (48,798 sq mi), while Lusaka was the smallest with 21,896 square kilometres (8,454 sq mi). In terms of population, Lusaka was the most populated and most densely populated with a population of 2,191,225 and density of 100 persons per square kilometre. Agriculture is the major profession in most of the provinces in Zambia. Maize, mixed beans, rice, sorghum, soya beans, sunflower, sweet potatoes and wheat are the major crops in the provinces. Among all provinces, Central had the maximum area of 391,593.23 ha (967,647.9 acres) constituting 20.64 per cent of the totals, while Luapula had the smallest area at 3.06 per cent.

List of provinces[edit]

Province[1] Capital Area (km²) Population Density
(people/km²)
Districts Map
Central[2] Kabwe 94,394 1,307,111 13.4 11
Districts of Central Province Zambia.svg
Copperbelt[3] Ndola 31,328 1,972,317 62.5 10
Districts of Copperbelt Province Zambia.svg
Eastern Chipata 51,476 1,592,661 24.7 9
Zambia-districts-eastern province.svg
Luapula Mansa 50,567 991,927 19.0 11
Districts of Luapula Province Zambia.svg
Lusaka[2] Lusaka 21,896 2,191,225 100.4 8
Districts of Lusaka Province Zambia.svg
Muchinga[4] Chinsali[5] 87,806 711,657[6] 8.1 7
Districts of Muchinga Province Zambia.svg
North-Western Solwezi 125,826 727,044 5.6 9
Districts of North-Western Province Zambia.svg
Northern Kasama 77,650 1,105,824[7] 14.2 9
Districts of Northern Province Zambia.svg
Southern Choma 85,283 1,589,926 18.8 13
Districts of Southern Province Zambia.svg
Western[3] Mongu 126,386 902,974 7.0 16
Districts of Western Province Zambia.svg
Zambia Lusaka 752,612 13,092,666 17.3 103

Administration[edit]

Provincial administration is setup purely for administrative purposes. The province is headed by a minister appointed by the President and there are ministries of central government for each province. The administrative head of the province is the Permanent Secretary, appointed by the President. There are Deputy Permanent Secretary, heads of government departments and civil servants at the provincial level. Provinces are further divided into districts and all the district headquarters are the same as the district names. There are nine councils in the province, each of which is headed by an elected representative, called councilor. Each councilor holds office for three years.[8] The administrative staff of the council is selected based on Local Government Service Commission from within or outside the district. The office of the provincial government is located in each of the district headquarters and has provincial local government officers and auditors. Each council is responsible for raising and collecting local taxes and the budgets of the council are audited and submitted every year after the annual budget. The elected members of the council do not draw salaries, but are paid allowances from the council. Zambia has predominantly rural provinces and hence there are only three municipal councils. The government stipulates 63 different functions for the councils with the majority of them being infrastructure management and local administration. Councils are mandated to maintain each of their community centres, zoos, local parks, drainage system, playgrounds, cemeteries, caravan sites, libraries, museums and art galleries. They also work along with specific government departments for helping in agriculture, conservation of natural resources, postal service, establishing and maintaining hospitals, schools and colleges. The councils prepare schemes that encourage community participation.[9]

Primary data[edit]

Western Province was the largest in terms of area, having 126,386 km2, while Lusaka was the smallest with 21,896 km2. In terms of population, Lusaka was the most populated and most densely populated with a population of 2,191,225 and desntiy of 100 persons per km2. As of 2010, Western Province had the best sex ratio of 108 females for every 100 males, while Copperbelt had the lowest of 101. Northern had the highest number of basic schools, while Copperbelt had the highest number of high schools. The unemployment rate of youth (55%) and general unemployment rate (32%) was the highest in Copperbelt province, while Eastern had the lowest unemployment rate of 6 per cent. AIDS death was maximum in Copperbelt with 26,799 recorded deaths in 2010, while it was lowest in North-Western with 2,859 recorded deaths. Lusaka Province had the most number of doctors and least number of Malaria related incidents, while North-Western has the lowest number of doctors.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

Primary data of Zambia Provinces
Parameter Year Central[10] Copperbelt[14] Eastern[18] Luapula[11] Lusaka[15] Muchinga Province[12] Northern[19] North-Western[16] Southern[13] Western[17]
Capital 000 Kabwe Ndola Chipata Mansa Lusaka Chinsali Kasama Solwezi Choma Mongu
Minister 000 Davies Chisopa Musenge Mwenya Sichone Malozo Brig. Gen. Benson Kapaya Obvious Mwaliteta Mwimba Malama Chomba Sikazwe Dawson Kafwaya Nathaniel Mubukwanu Poniso Njeulu
Land area, km2 000 94,394 31,328 51,476 50,567 21,896 87,806 77,650 125,826 85,283 126,386
Population, persons 2,010 1,307,111 1,972,317 1,592,661 991,927 2,191,225 711,657 1,105,824 727,044 1,589,926 902,974
Population density, people per km2 2,010 014 063 031 020 100 008 014 006 019 007
Sex Ratio (females per 100 males) 2,010 102 101 103 103 102 103 102 103 104 108
Basic Schools 2,004 653 856 861 527 502 No data 1,208 536 995 648
High Schools 2,004 028 071 041 020 039 No data 026 023 045 026
Out of School Children Aged 7–15 2,004 33,081 14,332 132,728 58,887 90,620 No data 22,348 26,834 30,390 36,984
Unemployment rate (%) 2,008 009 032 006 006 031 No data 007 014 007 010
Unemployment rate, Youth (%) 2,008 018 055 012 014 052 No data 012 031 006 018
Doctors 2,005 035 213 036 030 231 No data 040 025 050 046
Malaria Incidence rate per 1,000 population 2,005 331 377 447 407 313 No data 331 439 344 430
AIDS Deaths 2,010 9,016 26,799 9,338 5,209 15,429 No data 6,958 2,859 12,403 6,044

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the major profession in most of the provinces in Zambia. Maize, mixed beans, rice, sorghum, soya beans, sunflower, sweet potatoes and wheat are the major crops in the provinces. Among all provinces, Central had the maximum area, 391,593.23 ha (967,647.9 acres), constituting 20.64 per cent of the total, while Luapula had the smallest area at 3.06 per cent. Maize production was maximum in Eastern (22.5%), mixed beans (51.66%) in Northern, sorghum in Southern (40.62%), sunflower in Eastern (70.2%), soya beans (45.06%), sweet potatoes (28.5%) and wheat (49.51%) in Central Province.[20]

Agriculture data of Zambia Provinces[20]
Paramaeter Central Copperbelt Eastern Luapula Lusaka Muchinga Province Northern North-Western Southern Western
Area Planted (HA) 391,593.23 122,525.52 387,273.09 57,966.31 82,603.72 112,345.23 191,104.56 79,528.80 360,160.32 112,153.47
Maize Production 723,760.85 235,415.71 745,580.30 131,746.91 148,290.62 244,978.50 283,755.88 160,866.33 597,999.41 78,276.86
Mixed Beans Production 5,316.43 1,213.88 2,794.77 4,130.48 673.80 9,277.33 31,898.08 4,446.71 1,685.30 312.13
Rice Production 017.85 004.24 900.37 2,254.43 036.53 6,928.63 18,169.24 445.61 021.22 20,861.51
Sorghum Production 452.85 587.45 200.49 105.83 320.21 3,118.55 283.55 1,038.13 4,694.90 755.44
Soya Beans Production 96,518.03 37,609.86 17,534.11 430.00 32,237.44 2,245.70 4,742.11 579.67 22,203.88 077.92
Sun Flower Production 2,872.09 028.67 24,053.17 005.58 049.21 432.17 764.17 014.86 6,042.08 001.66
Sweet Potatoes Production 42,787.85 11,603.63 7,842.74 11,356.02 4,689.72 18,151.34 11,636.01 8,200.76 31,048.67 2,841.24
Wheat Production 99,758.27 28,690.00 120.00 000.00 48,509.73 000.00 000.00 000.00 24,426.13 000.00
Grand Total 971,484.23 315,153.44 799,025.94 150,029.26 234,807.26 285,132.23 351,249.04 175,592.09 688,121.60 103,126.75

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gwillim Law. "Zambia Provinces". Retrieved 18 June 2015.  (Population figures are from the census of 2010).
  2. ^ a b Lusaka province was split from Central province in 1973. Initially Lusaka province was only 360 km², but by 1988 it had been enlarged to its present size.
  3. ^ a b The Copperbelt province was known as Western Province until 1969. At the same time the name of the Barotseland province was changed to Western province.
  4. ^ Created on November 2011, consisting 5 districts from Northern Province and one from Eastern.
  5. ^ Zambia's 10th Province, Muchinga, Ministry of Local Government and Housing, Zambia
  6. ^ "City population of Zambia". 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  7. ^ population figures adjusted for new smaller area
  8. ^ Zambi Public administration Country profile (PDF) (Report). Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM), Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 7. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  9. ^ The local government system in Zambia (PDF) (Report). Common Wealth Local Government Forum. pp. 218–220. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Primary Data of Central Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Primary Data of Lauapula Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  12. ^ a b "Primary Data of Muchinga Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "Primary Data of Southern Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Primary Data of Copperbelt Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  15. ^ a b "Primary Data of Lusaka Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  16. ^ a b "Primary Data of North-Western Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  17. ^ a b "Primary Data of Western Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  18. ^ a b "Primary Data of Eastern Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "Primary Data of Northern Province". Zambia data portal, Central statistical Office of Zambia. 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  20. ^ a b "Agriculture statistics of Zambia 2014". Central Statistical Office of Zambia. 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016.