Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Provinces de la République démocratique du Congo (French)
Category Unitary State
Location Democratic Republic of the Congo
Number 10 Provinces(1 is a city-province)
Populations 2,536,550 (Maniema) – 4,364,541 (Orientale)
Areas 3,848 square miles (9,970 km2) (Kinsasha) – 194,302 square miles (503,240 km2) (Orientale)
Government Provincial government
Subdivisions District, City
Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg
This article is part of a series on the
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In July 1960, there were six provinces in the Belgian Congo: Leopoldville Province, Equateur Province, Province Orientale, Kivu Province, Katanga Province, and Kasai Province. Kivu Province existed from 1933 to 1962 (under the name Province de Costermansville until 1947, from the name of its capital) and from 1966 to 1988.

There are currently ten provinces and one city-province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo:

Map# Province Capital Pop. 2008 [1] Time
1. Bandundu Bandundu 5,514,787 WAT
2. Bas-Congo Matadi 4,113,150 WAT
3. Équateur Mbandaka 8,560,067 WAT
4. Kasai-Occidental Kananga 5,466,777 CAT
5. Kasai-Oriental Mbuji-Mayi 6,222,559 CAT
6. Katanga Lubumbashi 8,143,487 CAT
7. Kinshasa (city-province) Kinshasa 9,046,000* WAT
8. Maniema Kindu 2,536,550 CAT
9. Nord-Kivu Goma 4,022,212 CAT
10. Orientale Kisangani 11,984,381 CAT
11. Sud-Kivu Bukavu 3,617,830 CAT

* Kinshasa 2012 estimate [citation needed]

Proposed provinces[edit]

Article 2[2] of the 2005 Congolese Constitution,[3] which came into effect on 18 February 2006, specifies twenty-five new provinces while retaining the capital city/province of Kinshasa. Though this new territorial organization was scheduled to take effect within thirty-six months of the new constitution's promulgation, it did not. President Joseph Kabila has set a deadline of June 30, 2015 to complete this process, known as découpage.[4]

The twenty-five provinces denoted by the 2005 constitution are as follows: Bas-Uele, Equateur, Haut-Lomami, Haut-Katanga, Haut-Uele, Ituri, Kasai, Kasai Oriental, Kongo central, Kwango, Kwilu, Lomami, Lualaba, Lulua, MaiNdombe, Maniema, Mongala, Nord-Kivu, Nord-Ubangi, Sankuru, Sud Kivu, Sud Ubangi, Tanganyika, Tshopo, Tshuapa. [5]

See also[edit]