Provincial Assembly (Nepal)

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The Provincial Assembly (Nepali: प्रदेश सभा; Pradesh Sabha) is the unicameral legislative assembly for a federal province of Nepal.[1]

According to Article 176 of the Constitution of Nepal 2015, following the dissolution of the provincial assembly all the members forming the Provincial Assembly are elected. The term for the Provincial Assembly is five years, except when dissolved earlier.

Candidates for each constituency are chosen by the political parties or stand as independents. Each constituency elects one member under the first past the post system of election. Since Nepal uses a parallel voting system, voters cast another ballot to elect members through the party-list proportional representation. The current constitution specifies that sixty percent of the members should be elected from the first past the post system and forty percent through the party-list proportional representation system. Women should account for one third of total members elected from each party and if one-third percentage are not elected, the party that fails to ensure so shall have to elect one-third of total number as women through the party-list proportional representation.[2]

A party with an overall majority (more seats than all other parties combined) following an election forms the government. If a party has no outright majority, parties can seek to form coalitions.

The first provincial assembly elections in Nepal was held in two phase on 26 November 2017 and on 7 December 2017.[3]

There are 550 provincial seats in all of 7 provinces of Nepal. In which 330 (60%) of Provincial seats will be elected through first past the post and 220 (40%) of seats will be elected through proportional representation.[4]

List of provincial assemblies[edit]

Pradesh Sabha (Provincial Assembly) FPTP Seats PR Seats Total seats Location/provincial capital Governing party
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 1 56 37 93 Biratnagar Nepal Communist Party
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2 64 43 107 Janakpur Samajbadi Party, Nepal
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3 66 44 110 Hetauda Nepal Communist Party
Provincial Assembly of Gandaki 36 24 60 Pokhara Lekhnath Nepal Communist Party
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5 52 35 87 Butwal Nepal Communist Party
Provincial Assembly of Karnali 24 16 40 Birendranagar Nepal Communist Party
Provincial Assembly of Sudurpashchim 32 21 53 Godawari Nepal Communist Party
Total 330 220 550 - -

Seat distribution[edit]

Legislature Seats
NCP NC SPN RJPN RPP BSP RPP(D) RJM NMKP NFSP SLRM Ind. Total
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 1 66 21 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 93
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 2 32 19 29 25 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 107
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 3 81 21 1 0 1 3 1 0 2 0 0 0 110
Provincial Assembly of Gandaki 39 15 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 60
Provincial Assembly of Province No. 5 61 19 5 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 87
Provincial Assembly of Karnali 32 6 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 40
Provincial Assembly of Sudurpashchim 39 12 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 53

Province No. 1 Provincial Assembly[edit]

As per the Constituency Delimitation Commission report, Province No. 1 has 56 provincial seats under the FPtP (First-Past-the-Post) spread in 14 districts.[5]

Districts Constituencies
Taplejung District 2
Panchthar District 2
Ilam District 4
Jhapa District 10
Morang District 12
Sunsari District 8
Dhankuta District 2
Sankhuwasabha District 2
Bhojpur District 2
Tehrathum District 2
Okhaldhunga District 2
Khotang District 2
Solukhumbu District 2
Udayapur District 4

Province No. 2 Provincial Assembly[edit]

Each district of Province No. 2 have 8 Provincial Assembly seats. Province No. 2 has total 64 provincial seats under the FPtP (First past the post) spread in 8 districts.[5]:7

Districts Constituencies
Saptari District 8
Siraha District 8
Dhanusha District 8
Mahottari District 8
Sarlahi District 8
Rautahat District 8
Bara District 8
Parsa District 8

Province No. 3 Provincial Assembly[edit]

Province No. 3 has 66 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.

Districts Constituencies
Sindhuli District 4
Ramechhap District 2
Dolakha District 2
Sindhupalchok District 4
Kavrepalanchok District 4
Lalitpur District 6
Bhaktapur District 4
Kathmandu District 20
Nuwakot District 4
Rasuwa District 2
Dhading District 4
Makwanpur District 4
Chitwan District 6

Gandaki Provincial Assembly[edit]

Gandaki Pradesh has 36 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.

Districts Constituencies
Gorkha District 4
Lamjung District 2
Tanahu District 4
Syangja District 4
Kaski District 6
Manang District 2
Mustang District 2
Parbat District 2
Myagdi District 2
Baglung District 4
Nawalpur District 4

Province No. 5 Provincial Assembly[edit]

Province No. 5 has 52 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.

Districts Constituencies
Gulmi District 4
Palpa District 4
Rupandehi District 10
Arghakhanchi District 2
Kapilvastu District 6
Pyuthan District 2
Rolpa District 2
Dang District 6
Bardiya District 4
Banke District 6
Parasi District 4
Eastern Rukum District 2

Karnali Provincial Assembly[edit]

Karnali Pradesh has 24 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.

Districts Constituencies
Salyan District 2
Surkhet District 4
Dailekh District 4
Jajarkot District 2
Dolpa District 2
Humla District 2
Kalikot District 2
Mugu District 2
Jumla District 2
Western Rukum District 2

Sudurpashchim Provincial Assembly[edit]

Sudurpschim has 32 provincial assembly seats under FPTP.

Districts Constituencies
Bajura District 2
Bajhang District 2
Achham District 4
Doti District 2
Kailali District 10
Kanchanpur District 6
Dadeldhura District 2
Baitadi District 2
Darchula District 2

First provincial assembly election[edit]

The first provincial legislative assembly elections in Nepal were held on 26 November and 7 December 2017.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CA approves ceremonial prez, bicameral legislature". Kanptipur Media Group. 16 September 2015. Retrieved 8 December 2017. Provincial parliaments will be unicameral. "The CA also approved a mixed electoral system for parliamentary election with 60 percent directly elected and 40 percent proportionally elected."
  2. ^ "NEPAL: Diluted proportional electoral system". scoop.co.nz. Scoop world. 16 October 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Election programme announced for HoR and Provincial Assembly". corporatenepal.com. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Infra for provincial assemblies: Govt preparation far from satisfactory". Kantipur Media Group. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. There will be 550 members in all seven provinces after the elections, with Province 3 having the highest number of members (110). Province 7 will have the lowest number of members of 53.
  5. ^ a b "EDITORIAL: Important step". The Himalayan Times. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.

प्रदेश ७ : नाम सुदूरपश्चिम राजधानी गोदावरी

External links[edit]