Provincial Civil Service (Uttar Pradesh)
|Also known as||Uttar Pradesh Civil Service (Executive Branch)|
|Staff College||U.P. Academy of Administration and Management, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh|
|Cadre Controlling Authority||Department of Appointment and Personnel, Government of Uttar Pradesh|
|Minister Responsible||Yogi Adityanath, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Minister of Appointment and Personnel|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Civil service|
|Duties||State Policy Formulation|
State Policy Implementation
State Public Administration
State Bureaucratic Governance
State Secretarial Assistance
|Current Cadre Strength||1112 members (742 officers directly recruited by UP-PSC and 370 officers promoted from Tehsildars)|
|Selection||State Civil Services Examination|
|Association||Uttar Pradesh PCS Association|
|Head of the State Civil Services|
|Chief Secretary||Dr. Anup Chandra Pandey, IAS|
|Additional Chief Secretary (DoAP)||Mukul Singhal, IAS|
Provincial Civil Service (IAST: Prāṃtīya Sivila Sevā), often abbreviated to as PCS, is the administrative civil service under Group A state service of the executive branch of the Government of Uttar Pradesh. It is also the feeder service for Indian Administrative Service in the state.
PCS officers hold various posts at sub-divisional, district, divisional and state level from conducting revenue administration and maintenance of law and order. The Department of Appointment and Personnel of the Government of Uttar Pradesh is the cadre-controlling authority of the service. Along with the Provincial Police Service (PPS) and the Provincial Forest Service (PFS), the PCS is one of the three feeder services to its respective All India Services.
Half of the recruitment to the service is made on the basis of an annual competitive examination conducted by Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission called as direct PCS officers as they arr directly appointed at Deputy Collector rank. Half of the total strength of PCS officers is filled by promotion from Uttar Pradesh Lower Provincial Civil Service (Tehsildar cadre) who are known as promotee PCS officers. PCS officers, regardless of their mode of entry, are appointed by the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.
Responsibilities of PCS officer
The typical functions performed by a PCS officer are:
- To collect land revenue and function as courts in matters of revenue and crime (revenue courts and criminal courts of executive magistrate), to maintain law and order, to implement Union and State Government policies at the grass-root level when posted at field positions i.e. as sub-divisional magistrate, additional city magistrate, city magistrate, additional district magistrate and additional divisional commissioner. And to act as the agent of the government on the field, i.e. to act as the intermediate between public and the government.
- To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government, including formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge, additional chief secretary/principal secretary and secretary of the concerned department.
After completing their training, a PCS officer generally serves at the tehsil level as sub-divisional magistrates (SDMs). After that, they get promoted to first, city magistrate, and later, additional district magistrate. Most districts have two to three posts of ADMs, most common of them being ADM (City), ADM (Finance/Revenue) and ADM (Executive). After a few years of service as they are also promoted to chief development officer (CDO). A CDO looks after rural development, and enjoys general superintendence over most sectoral development in a district. At the divisional level, PCS officers are posted as additional divisional commissioners. Most divisions have two to three such posts, most common of them being Additional Commissioner (Development), Additional Commissioner (Revenue) and Additional Commissioner (Executive). At the state secretariat, PCS officers serve as special secretaries, joint secretaries and, in rare instances, as deputy secretaries.
In municipal corporations administered by the Department of Urban Development, PCS officers serve as municipal commissioners and additional municipal commissioners. In development authorities administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Planning, PCS officers generally serve as secretaries and — in rare instances — as vice chairmen. PCS officers also serve as deputy CEOs and additional CEOs in Noida, Greater Noida and Yamuna Expressway Authorities, which come under the Department of Infrastructure and Industrial Development. On a deputation, a PCS officer can be sent to one of the various directorates and state PSUs.
After completion of two decades of service, those PCS officers who were directly recruited by Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) get promoted to the Indian Administrative Service, after confirmation by the Department of Personnel and Training of Government of India and the Union Public Service Commission. One-third of the total IAS strength in Uttar Pradesh is reserved for PCS officers (SCS quota).
Most PCS officers (only those who were directly recruited by UPPSC) get promoted to IAS after getting pay level 14. Those who don't get promotion to IAS then get pay level 15, and get classified as 'superseded'.
|Grade/level on pay matrix||Base Salary (per month)||Some Positions in the Government of Uttar Pradesh||Years of Service|
|Higher administrative grade (Above Super time scale) (pay level 15)||₹182200–224100||Special secretary in State Secretariat, additional divisional commissioner, chief development officer, municipal commissioner, vice chairman of a development authority||26th year|
|Senior administrative grade (Above Super time scale) (pay level 14)||₹144200–218200||Special secretary in State Secretariat, additional divisional commissioner, chief development officer, municipal commissioner, vice chairman of a development authority||20th year|
|Super time scale (pay level 13A)||₹131100–216600||Special secretary in State Secretariat, additional divisional commissioner, chief development officer, municipal commissioner, vice chairman of a development authority||16th year|
|Selection grade (pay level 13)||₹118500–214100||Joint secretary in State Secretariat, additional district magistrate, city magistrate, joint municipal commissioner, secretary of a development authority||12th year|
|Junior administrative grade (pay level 12)||₹78800–191500||Joint secretary in State Secretariat, additional district magistrate, city magistrate, additional municipal commissioner, secretary of a development authority||8th year|
|Senior time scale (pay level 11)||₹67700–160000||Joint secretary in State Secretariat, additional district magistrate, city magistrate, additional municipal commissioner, secretary of a development authority||4th year|
|Junior time scale (pay level 10)||₹56100–132000||deputy secretary in State Secretariat, sub-divisional magistrate, additional city magistrate, deputy municipal commissioner, officer on special duty in a development authority||Initial year|
Major concerns and reforms
Promotion to IAS
According to the Indian Administrative Service (Appointment by Promotion) Regulations, 1955, PCS officers are eligible for promotion to IAS after completion of eight years of service. But in reality, they are generally promoted to IAS after two decades in service.
Some PCS officers moved to the Allahabad High Court, due to the anomalies in their seniority which slowed down their promotion for almost one decade. The matter was resolved in 2012 as mentioned in their latest gradation list.
Directly recruited IAS officers often complain about promotee IAS officers are given preference in field postings due to their close proximity to politicians which they form in two decades of their service. Since the state government were often ruled by regional parties, many politicians allegedly fix 'their men' as divisional commissioners and district magistrates.
Recently two PCS officers were suspended by the state government for an alleged land scam of ₹26 crore (equivalent to ₹28 crore or US$4.0 million in 2018). The house of a promotee IAS officer and a former district magistrate and collector of Ghaziabad, Vimal Kumar house was raided by the Income Tax Department. Another promotee IAS officer Mr. PC Gupta who was posted as CEO of Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority was arrested for his alleged role in Rs. 126 crore land scam. 
Notable PCS officers
Members of the service include:
- Provincial Finance and Accounts Service (Uttar Pradesh)
- Provincial Rural Development Service (Uttar Pradesh)
- Provincial Secretariat Service (Uttar Pradesh)
- Provincial Transport Service (Uttar Pradesh)
- "2015 Total Cadre strength of PCS as in January 2015" (PDF). Department of Appointment and Personnel, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
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- "Anup Chandra Pandey took over as the new Chief Secretary of UP". The Pioneer. Lucknow: Chandan Mitra. Pioneer News Service. July 1, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
- "Anup Chandra Pandey takes charge as new Chief Secretary of UP". United News of India. Lucknow. United News of India. June 30, 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
- "Rules Applicable to the Provincial Civil Service (PCS)". Department of Appointment and Personnel, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
- "U.P. Civil Service". Department of Appointment and Personnel, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved October 3, 2018.
- "What is the difference between IAS and PCS officer?". Jagran Josh. Dainik Jagran. September 7, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Service Profile for the Indian Administrative Service" (PDF). Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India. Retrieved 13 August 2017.
- "IAS (APPOINTMENT BY PROMOTION) REGULATIONS, 1955". Union Public Service Commission. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "24 promoted to IAS cadre in UP". The Hindu. Lucknow. December 11, 2010. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Mathur, Swati (June 29, 2012). "UP seeks temporary IAS posts for PCS officers". The Times of India. Lucknow. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Shalabh (December 8, 2017). "UPPSC recruitment drive: CBI to take over enquiry". The Times of India. Lucknow. Retrieved January 19, 2018.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- "UP PCS appointments since 2012 to be probed by CBI: Yogi Adityanath". Livemint. Lucknow: HT Media Ltd. July 19, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "UPPSC recruitment: HC asks CBI, UP Govt to file counter". Business Standard. Allahabad. January 9, 2018. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Keelor, Vandana (October 24, 2017). "ADM suspended in Rs 26 crore land scam in Ghaziabad". The Times of India. Noida. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "Yogi Adityanath cracks down against corruption, dismisses top bureaucrats in Meerut, Gautam Buddh Nagar". The Financial Express. October 24, 2017. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Rajput, Vinod (May 24, 2017). "Greater Noida IAS officer, wife among 4 UP bureaucrats raided by Income Tax dept". Hindustan Times. Noida. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Rajput, Vinod (February 21, 2019). "Ex-CEO YEIDA arrested for Rs. 126cr land scam". Hindustan Times. Noida. Retrieved February 22, 2019.