Provincial Court of Saskatchewan
|Provincial Court of Saskatchewan|
|Authorized by||The Provincial Court Act, 1998|
|No. of positions||49|
|Since||January 1, 2008|
The Provincial Court of Saskatchewan is a provincial court of record for the province of Saskatchewan. It hears matters relating to criminal law, youth law, civil law, family law, traffic law and municipal bylaws.
The Provincial Court is a creation of statute, and as such its jurisdiction is limited to those matters permitted by statute. It has no inherent jurisdiction, other than to the limited degree in which it may control its own procedures.
In criminal matters, it is a trial court for all summary conviction offences. For indictable criminal offences, it can be a trial court if an accused person elects to have his or her trial in that court. When an accused charged with an indictable offence elects trial by a superior court (the Saskatchewan Court of Queen's Bench), the preliminary inquiry will be held in the Provincial Court. The Provincial Court is also designated as the Youth Justice Court under the Youth Criminal Justice Act of Canada.
In civil matters, the Small Claims division of the court is limited to claims for up to $20,000. The Provincial Court also has limited family law jurisdiction, except for divorce proceedings and the division of matrimonial property.
Judges of the Court
The Court is composed of the Chief Judge and 48 other judges. The judges are appointed by the provincial government. To be eligible for appointment, a person must have at least 10 years' experience as a lawyer, or have other legal experience which is satisfactory to the Judicial Council of Saskatchewan. Once appointed, judges are independent of the government, and can only be removed from office following the procedure set out in the Act. The judges serve until age 65, although the Chief Judge may grant an extension up to age 70.
Sittings of the Court
The Provincial Courts has permanent offices in 13 towns and cities: Estevan, La Ronge, Lloydminster, Meadow Lake, Melfort, Moose Jaw, North Battleford, Prince Albert, Regina, Saskatoon, Swift Current, Wynyard and Yorkton. The Court also sits in almost 70 smaller centres across the province. Judges of the Provincial Court are addressed as "Your Honour", or "His/Her Honour".
Courts of Saskatchewan
There are three main courts in Saskatchewan:
- Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan – appellate court; highest court of Saskatchewan.
- Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan – superior trial court of Saskatchewan with inherent and general jurisdiction
- Provincial Court of Saskatchewan – court of first instance; trial court with jurisdiction defined by statute
- The Provincial Court Act, 1998, s. 13.
- Courts of Saskatchewan: Provincial Court - Judges
- Courts of Saskatchewan: Provincial Court - Judicial Appointments
- The Provincial Court Act, 1998, S.S. 1998, c. P-30.11, s. 3.
- Courts of Saskatchewan: Provincial Court - Judicial Independence
- The Provincial Court Act, 1998, S.S. 1998, c. P-30.11, s. 13.
- Courts of Saskatchewan: Provincial Court - Permanent Locations.
- Courts of Saskatchewan: Provincial Court - Circuit Court Locations and Sittings
- During an interim period as the transition was made, qualified lawyers appointed to the Magistrate's Court bench were deemed "Judges of the Magistrate's Court.