Provincial correctional services in Canada
Correctional services are operated by both the federal and provincial governments. Offenders who receive sentences of less than two years or who receive community sentences such as fines, community service work or probation are under provincial jurisdiction. Offenders who receive prison sentences of two years or more are the responsibility of the federal government. Young offender services, including pre-trial supervision, community and custody sentences and Extrajudicial Sanctions Programs, are the responsibility of the provincial government.
The provinces and territories of Canada also operate correction facilities:
- Administered by the Correctional Services of the Ministry of Justice and Solicitor General
- Calgary Correctional Center
- Calgary Remand Centre
- Edmonton Remand Centre [Largest in Canada]
- Fort Saskatchewan Correctional Centre
- Lethbridge Correctional Centre
- Medicine Hat Remand Centre
- Peace River Correctional Centre
- Red Deer Remand Centre
- Fort Saskatchewan Correctional Centre (3 Camps)
- Alsike Minimum Security Camp (Closed April 2009)
- Fort McMurray Minimum Security Camp (Closed)
- Metis Nation Wilderness Camp
- Kainai Community Correctional Centre
Administered by the Corrections Branch of the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General.
- Multi-Level Correctional Centres
- Fraser Regional Correctional Centre (Maple Ridge)
- Kamloops Regional Correctional Centre
- Prince George Regional Correctional Centre
- Vancouver Island Regional Correctional Centre (Saanich)
- Alouette Correctional Centre for Women (Maple Ridge)
- Okanagan Correctional Centre (Oliver)
- Medium & Open Custody Correctional Centres
- Ford Mountain Correctional Centre (Chilliwack)
- Nanaimo Correctional Centre
- Pre-trial Remand Only Centres
- North Fraser Pretrial Centre (Port Coquitlam)
- Surrey Pretrial Services Centre
Administered by the Corrections Division of Ministry of Justice and Attorney General:
- Brandon Correctional Centre
- Dauphin Correctional Centre
- Headingley Correctional Institution
- Milner Ridge Correctional Centre
- Portage Correctional Centre
- The Pas Correctional Centre
- Winnipeg Remand Centre
- Agassiz Youth Centre
- Manitoba Youth Centre
- Bathurst Day Detention Centre (Closed 2011)
- Dalhousie Regional Correctional Centre (estimated cost $16M) 426 William St, Dalhousie, NB E8C 2X5 (1-(506)-684-7517)
- Madawaska Regional Correctional Centre (St. Hilaire, NB) 15 Fournier Street, St-Hilaire, N.B. Phone Number: 24 Hours (1-(506)-737-4510)
- Southeast Regional Correctional Centre (Shediac, NB; estimated cost $40M) 435 Lino Rd. Shediac, New Brunswick E4P 0H6 (1-(506)-532-7885)
- Saint John Regional Correctional Centre 930 Old Black River Rd, Saint John, NB E2J 4T3 (1-(506)-658-5400)
- Islandview Halfway House (Fredericton, NB) 65 Rue Brunswick, Frédéricton, NB E3B 1G5 (1-(506)-444-5611)
- NB Women's Correctional Centre / NB Youth Centre (Miramichi, NB) 4 Airport Drive Miramichi, New Brunswick E1N 3W4 Phone Number 24 Hours:1-(506)-624-2000
- Portage Open Custody (Cassidy Lake, NB)
- Moncton Detention Centre (closed 2011)
Newfoundland and Labrador
Administered by the Corrections and Community Services' of Ministry of Justice, Public Safety and Attorney General:
- Bishops Falls Correctional Centre
- Newfoundland and Labrador Correctional Centre for Women
- Corner Brook Lock-up
- Labrador Correctional Centre
- St. John's City Lock-up
- Her Majesty's Penitentiary
- Salmonier Correctional Institution (closed 2004)
- West Coast Correctional Centre
Administered by the Corrections Service of Ministry of Justice:
- South MacKenzie Correctional Centre
- Territorial Women Correctional Centre
- North Slave Correctional Complex
- Fort Smith Correctional Complex
- Male unit formerly Riverrige Correctional Centre
- Female unit Formerly Territorial Women's Correctional Centre
Administered by the Correctional Services Division of Ministry of the Attorney General and Justice:
Adult offender provincial correctional facilities:
- Antigonish Correctional Facility – Opened 1948; 17 beds for adult male offenders; the government is currently in the planning stages for a replacement facility; final government approval to proceed with construction has not been announced.
- Cape Breton Correctional Facility – Opened February 21, 1975; 96 beds for adult male offenders; co-located with the Cape Breton Youth Detention Facility.
- Cumberland Correctional Facility – Opened 1890; renovated 1978; 29 beds for adult male offenders; the government is currently in the planning stages for a replacement facility. The former (Progressive Conservative) government announced a replacement facility to be built in Springhill during the May/June election campaign; however, the new (New Democratic Party) government has decided not to proceed with a correctional facility at this location at this time.
- Central Nova Scotia Correctional Facility – Opened October 2001; replaced the Colchester, Halifax, Kings and Lunenburg correctional facilities; 224 cells for adult male offenders, and 48 cells, in a separate living unit, for adult female offenders; extra beds are placed in the cells when the number of admissions require extra accommodations for offenders; co-located with the East Coast Forensic Hospital.
- Southwest Nova Scotia Correctional Facility – Opened April 1, 2004; replaced the Yarmouth Correctional Centre; 38 cells for adult male offenders.
Closed adult offender provincial correctional facilities:
- Guysborough Correctional Centre – Closed 2000.
- Colchester Correctional Centre – Closed 2001.
- Halifax Correctional Centre – Closed 2001.
- Kings Correctional Centre – Closed 2001.
- Lunenburg Correctional Centre – Closed 2001.
- Yarmouth Correctional Centre – Closed 2004.
Young offender provincial correctional facilities:
- Nova Scotia Youth Facility – Opened June 20, 1988; 98 cells for youth, boys and girls are housed in separate living units; co-located with an IWK Health Centre site.
- Cape Breton Youth Detention Facility – Opened August 28, 2006; eight beds for boys and girls; boys and girls are housed separately; only used for short periods of custody, e.g., youth appearing in Cape Breton Island and Port Hawkesbury area courts, or when awaiting transfer to the Nova Scotia Youth Facility; co-located with the Cape Breton Correctional Facility.
Administered by Nunavut Ministry of Justice:
- Baffin Correctional Centre – medium security facility (68 inmates)
- Makigiarvik Facility – medium security opened March 2015 (48 inmates)
- Rankin Inlet Healing Facility
- Rankin Inlet Correctional Centre – medium security (48 inmates)
- Nunavut Women's Correctional Centre
Administered by the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services
There are 29 correctional facilities in Ontario, see List of correctional facilities in Ontario for details.
Youth Justice Services for youth aged 12–18 is administered by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services.
Prince Edward Island
Administered by the Community and Correctional Services Division of the Ministry of Justice and Public Safety and Attorney General:
- Provincial Correctional Centre, Charlottetown
- Prince County Correctional Centre, Summerside
- Prince Edward Island Youth Centre, Summerside
Administration of provincial prisons are under the Direction générale des services correctionnels of the Ministère de la Sécurité publique du Québec (Ministry of Public Security).
For list of provincial facilities see Provincial prisons in Quebec.
Administered by Ministry of Corrections, Public Safety and Policing:
- Saskatoon Correctional Centre
- Regina Correctional Centre
- Prince Albert Correctional Centre
- Pine Grove Correctional Centre
- Regina Paul Dojack Youth Centre
- Saskatoon Kilburn Hall
Administered by Community and Correctional Services Branch of Ministry of Justice:
- Whitehorse Correctional Centre – new 190 inmate facility completed in February 2012 and built next to existing prison building c. 1967
- Justice Wellness Centre, Whitehorse
- cbc.ca: "Bathurst jail closing", 30 Mar 2011