Provisional National Defence Council

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The Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) was the name of the Ghanaian government after the People's National Party's elected government was overthrown by Jerry Rawlings, the former head of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council, in a coup d'état on 31 December 1981. It remained in power until 7 January 1993. In a statement, Rawlings said that a "holy war" was necessary due to the PNP's failure to provide effective leadership and the collapse of the national economy and state services.

The PNDC was a military dictatorship that induced civilians to participate in governance. Most of its members were civilians. Its policies reflected a revolutionary government that was pragmatic in its approach.[clarification needed] The economic objectives of the PNDC were to halt Ghana's economic decay, stabilize the economy, and stimulate economic growth. The PNDC also brought a change in the people’s attitude from a 'government will provide' position to participating in nation-building.[citation needed]

The PNDC provided a new constitution in 1992 and held elections that year. Rawlings's party, the NDC, won the presidential election with 58% of the vote. The opposition boycotted the subsequent parliamentary elections.[1]

Members[edit]

The seven original members of the PNDC from its inception were as follows:

Departures and replacements[edit]

Over the years, some people were added to the membership and others left. A number left in 1982 due to ideological differences. Joachim Amartey Quaye was executed for his involvement in the murder of three senior judges and a retired army officer. Rev. Damuah who was suspended from the Catholic Church because of his involvement in the government left in late 1982 and started his own church later called the Afrikania Mission, an organization devoted to the promotion of African Traditional Religion.[2]

August 1992 onwards — final membership[edit]

  • Flt. Lt. Jerry John Rawlings - Chairman
  • Justice D. F. Annan
  • Alhaji Mahama Iddrisu
  • Captain (rtd) Kojo Tsikata
  • P. V. Obeng
  • Lieutenant General Arnold Quainoo
  • Air Vice Marshal Dumashie
  • Dr. Mrs. Mary Grant

Membership[edit]

PNDC Members[edit]

Position Name Dates Notes
Head of state of Ghana and Chairman Flight Lieutenant Jerry John Rawlings 1981 – 93
Chief of the Defence Staff Brigadier Joseph Nunoo-Mensah 1981 – 82
Member Vincent Kwabena Damuah 1982
Member Warrant Officer I Joseph Adjei Buadi 1981 – December 1984[7]
Member Sergeant Daniel Alolga Akata Pore 1981 – 82
Member Joachim Amartey Quaye 1981 – August 1982
Member Chris Bukari Atim 1981 – 82
Member and Chairman of the
National Commission for Democracy
Justice Daniel Francis Annan 1984 – 93
Member Susanna Al-Hassan 1985 – 87
Member Anaa Naamua Enin 1985 – 89
Member Ebo Tawiah ? – ?
Member Naa Polku Konkuu Chiiri ? – ?
Member Alhaji Mahama Iddrisu 1982 – 93
Member Captain Kojo Tsikata 1982 – 93
Chairman of Committee of Secretaries Paul Victor Obeng 1982 – 93
Member Lieutenant General Arnold Quainoo 1982 – 93
Member Maj. Gen. Winston C. M. Mensa-Wood 1987 – 92
Member Air Vice Marshal A. H. K. Dumashie 1982 – 93
Member Mary Grant 1989 – 93

Secretaries[edit]

The officials in charge of the various ministries were designated as Secretaries of state.

List of secretaries (ministers) of state[edit]

Portfolio Secretary Time frame Notes
Chairman of Committee of Secretaries Paul Victor Obeng 1982 – 1993
Secretary for Foreign Affairs Obed Asamoah 1982 – 1993
Secretary for the Interior Johnny F. S. Hansen[8] Jan 1982 – Apr 1982
J. M. Ewa[8] Apr 1982 – Dec 1982
Kofi Djin[8] Dec 1982 – Nov 1985
Major General Winston Mensa-Wood[9] Nov 1985 – Oct 1987
Nii Okaidja Adamafio[9] Oct 1987 – May 1991
Nana Akuoko Sarpong[9] May 1991 – Mar 1992
Colonel E. M. Osei-Wusu[9] Mar 1992 – Jan 1993
Secretary for Finance Kwesi Botchwey 1982 – 1993
Secretary for Defence Naa Polku Konkuu Chirii[10] 1982 – Nov 1983
Rear Admiral C. K. Dzang[10] 22 Nov 1983 – 1985
Mahama Iddrisu[10] 1985 – 6 Jan 1993
Attorney General and Secretary for Justice G. E. K. Aikins 1983 – 1992
E.G. Tanoh 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Education and Culture Christina Ama Ata Aidoo 1982 – 1983
V. C. Dadson 1983
Joyce Aryee 1985 – 1987
Mohammed Ben Abdallah 1987
Adisa Munkaila 1988 – 1989
Mary Grant 1989 – 1993
Secretary for Agriculture[11] Bortei Doku 1982 – 1983
John Akparibo Ndebugre 1984 – 1985
Isaac Adjei-Marfo 1985 – 1986
Stephen Obimpeh 1986 – 1992
Ibrahim Adams 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Cocoa Affairs Isaac Adjei-Marfo ? – ?
Secretary for Chieftaincy Affairs E.G. Tanoh 1987 – 1992
Nana Akuoko Sarpong 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Trade
Secretary for Trade and Tourism
K. B. Asante[12] 1982 – 1986
Kofi Djin 1987 – 1992
John Bawa 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Culture and Tourism Asiedu Yirenkyi 1982 – 1984
Secretary for Local Government and Rural Development John Agyekum Kufuor 1982
William H. Yeboah 1987
Joyce Aryee 1987 – 1988
Kwamena Ahwoi ? – ?
Secretary for Rural Development and Co-operatives Acquah Harrison 1982 – ?
Secretary for Fuel and Power Appiah Korang 1983 – 1987
Ato Ahwoi 1987 – 1993
Secretary for Transport and Communications Mahama Iddrisu 1983 – 1987
Yaw Donkor 1987 – 1992
Kwame Peprah 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Roads and Highways Yaw Donkor 1983 – 1987
Mensah Gbedemah 1987 – 1992
Richard Commey 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Lands and Natural Resources Kwesi Renner 1983 – 1987
Kwame Peprah 1987 – 1992
J. A. Dansoh 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Industry, Science and Technology G. B. Opoku 1983 – 1987
Francis Acquah 1987 – 1992
K. A. Butah 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Information Joyce Aryee 1982 – 1985
Kofi Totobi Quakyi 1985 – 1993
Secretary for Health Charles Buadu 1983 – 1987
Air Commodore F. W. Klutse 1987 – 1988
Nana Akuoko Sarpong 1988 – 1991
Stephen Obimpeh 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Labour and Social Welfare
Secretary for Mobilization and Productivity
Adisa Munkaila 1982 – 1983
Ato Austin 1983 – 1987
George Adamu 1987 – 1992
D. S. Boateng 1992 – 1993
Secretary for Works and Housing Mawuse Dake
Alhassan Abubakar
Emmanuel Appiah Korang
Kenneth Ampratwum
Secretary for Youth and Sports Zaya Yeebo[13] 1982 – 1983
Amarkai Amarteifio 1983 – 1987
Ato Austin 1987 – 1992
Arnold Quainoo 1992 – 1993
Regional Secretaries
Ashanti Regional Secretary J. Y. Ansah ? – ?
Brong Ahafo Region J. H. Owusu-Acheampong 1982 – ?
Central Region Ato Austin 1982 – ?
Eastern Region Fred Ohene-Kena 1982 – ?
Greater Accra Regional Secretary Nii Okaidja Adamafio 1982 – ?
Northern Region Thomas Ibrahim 1982 – ?
Upper East Region Kundab Mobilla 1982 – ?
Upper West Region Yelibora Antumini 1982 – ?
Volta Regional Secretary Francis Agbley 1982 – ?
Western Region J. R. E. Amenlema 1982 – ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jeffries, Richard & Thomas, Clare (1993). "The Ghanaian Elections of 1992". African Affairs. 92 (368): 331–366.
  2. ^ "Ghana - Libation issue rears up again". African News Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2010-07-22.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ a b c Martin K.I Christensen. "Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership". Retrieved 2010-06-05.
  4. ^ Ghana News Agency. "Justice Daniel Francis Annan". Ghana Famous People. Ghana Home Page. Retrieved 2010-07-18.
  5. ^ a b "The Rawlings Revolution". GhanaDistricts.com. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
  6. ^ ""Chapter 2— Ghana in Economic Crisis" in The Politics of Reform in Ghana, 1982–1991". p. 32. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  7. ^ Ray, Donald I. (1986). Ghana, Politics, Economics and Society. Columbia University Pr. pp. 31–34. ISBN 978-0931477621.
  8. ^ a b c "Past Ministers (3)". Official website. Ministry of Interior, Ghana. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  9. ^ a b c d "Past Ministers (2)". Official website. Ministry of Interior, Ghana. Archived from the original on 19 January 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "MINISTER FOR DEFENCE". www.mod.gov.gh. Ghana Government. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Former Heads of MoFA". Official website. Ministry of Food and Agriculture. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
  12. ^ Tawiah, Kofi Owusu. "K.B. Asante, the patriot, diplomat and writer". Ghanweb.com. GhanaWeb. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  13. ^ "Today in history: Ghana won its fourth AFCON title". Ghanaweb.com. GhanaWeb. Retrieved 20 May 2019.
Preceded by
Limann government (1979–1981)
Government of Ghana
(Military Regime)

Dec 1981 – Jan 1993
Succeeded by
Rawlings government (1993–2001)