Provocation and provoke may refer to:
- Provocation (legal), a type of legal defense in court which claims the "victim" provoked the accused's actions
- Agent provocateur, a (generally political) group that tries to goad a desired response from the group or otherwise disrupt its activity
- Provocation test, a way of medical testing for conditions such as an allergy by provoking the immune system's response
- Provoke (album), a 1998 album by Altar and their final release on Displeased Records
- Provoked (film), a 2007 British film starring Aishwarya Rai and Naveen Andrews
- Provoked (album), a 2008 album by Henry Rollins
- Provoked, a hardcore punk band from Minnesota, US formed in early 2000s.
- Provoked, a Hip Hop Artist/Radio Host/TV Host/Community Activist from Coachella Valley, California since 2006.
- Provoke (horse) a Thoroughbred recehorse