Historic Town Hall on the Market Square
|Motto(s): Prudnik – spotkajmy się (Polish "Prudnik – let's meet")|
|• Mayor||Franciszek Fejdych|
|• Total||20.48 km2 (7.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||265 m (869 ft)|
|• Density||1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Prudnik [ˈprudɲik] ( listen) (German: Neustadt in Oberschlesien, Czech: Prudník, Latin: Prudnicium, Silesian: Prudńik) is a town in Poland, located in the southern part of Opole Voivodeship near the border with the Czech Republic. It is the administrative seat of Prudnik County and Gmina Prudnik. Its population numbers 21,368 inhabitants (2016). Since 2015, Prudnik is a member of the Cittaslow International.
The town was founded in 1279, making it one of the oldest in the country, and was historically part of the Duchy of Opole and the Habsburg Empire. Over the centuries, Prudnik was located within Prussia, Germany, and eventually Poland. It was once an important industrial hub known for its shoe-making traditions and more recently towel making by the ZPB "Frotex" Company, one of the largest towel manufacturers in Europe. The town also possesses numerous architectural monuments and historic buildings such as the Main Town Hall and "Wok's Tower" (Wieża Woka) from the 14th-century.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Name
- 3 History
- 4 Historical population
- 5 Education
- 6 Sport
- 7 Economy
- 8 Notable residents
- 9 International relations
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Prudnik is located in the historic Silesia (Upper Silesia) region at the confluence of the Prudnik river and its Złoty Potok tributary. The city is situated on the border of Opawskie Mountains and the Głubczyce Plateau (a part of the Silesian Lowlands). Prudnik and Vrbno pod Pradědem are headquarters of the Euroregion Pradziad.
The name "Prudnik" is a Bohemized form of city's historical Polish name "Prądnik", which means a river with a fast stream. Its former German names are Polnisch-Neustadt, Konigliche Stadt Neustadt and Neustadt in Oberschlesien.
The first human traces in the present town area are dated to the Neolithic times. In 1259 the Czech knight Wok von Rosenberg founded in the defensive bend of the Prudnik river a castle, and his son Jindřich obtained the city rights in 1279. In 1337 it became a part of the Duchy of Opole.
In 1526 the town was seized by the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1562, the Duchy of Opole and Racibórz passed a resolution that obligated Jews to sell their houses, pay their debts, and leave the duchy in a year. On the basis of this resolution, in 1564, Jews were ordered to leave Prudnik, but Krzysztof Prószkowski, who leased the land there, let them stay until 1570. After the death of the last Opole Piast prince, it was directly ruled by the Germans.
In 1742 the town was incorporated into Prussia and during the Seven Years' War Prudnik the scene of a bloody surprise attack upon the Prussians as they were marching out of the town. In the subsequent years, the area developed into a significant centre of handcraft, in particular cloth production and shoe-making. Its former German name was Polnisch Neustadt, and until 1945 Neustadt in Oberschlesien. In historical Polish sources and chronicles the town was referred to as Prądnik. In the 19th century, the surrounding factories continued the local tradition of handicraft.
World War II
In 26 September 1944, a sub-camp of Auschwitz in Prudnik / Neustadt O.S' was founded in the Schlesische Feinweberei AG textile mill (now ZPB "Frotex"). Neustadt was a stopping place on a death march during final months of World War II, for prisoners-of-war transferred by the Nazis from all over Europe to stalags built in occupied Poland. About 30,000 Allied PoWs were force-marched westward across Poland, Czechoslovakia and Germany in winter conditions, lasting about four months from January to April 1945. The Red Army captured Neustadt on 18 march 1945.
In modern Poland
After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Neustadt was transferred from Germany to Poland according to the Potsdam Conference, and given its original Polish name of Prądnik. The remaining German population was expelled and replaced by Polish colonists and refugees transferred from the Kresy in the former Polish eastern territories. The city's name was changed to Prudnik in 1946.
In September 1980, 1500 workers of ZPB "Frotex" and firefighters from Prudnik's fire brigade went on the biggest anti-communist strike in Opole Voivodeship. The strike lasted 5 days (5 - 10 September).
- Publiczne Przedszkole nr 1
- Publiczne Przedszkole nr 3
- Publiczne Przedszkole nr 4
- Publiczne Przedszkole Specjalne nr 5
- Publiczne Przedszkole nr 6
- Publiczne Przedszkole nr 8
- Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa nr 1
- Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa nr 3
- Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa nr 4
- Publiczna Szkoła Podstawowa Specjalna nr 5
- Publiczne Gimnazjum nr 1
- Publiczne Gimnazjum nr 2
- Publiczne Gimnazjum Specjalne nr 3
- I Liceum Ogólnokształcące
- II Liceum Ogólnokształcące
- Liceum Ogólnokształcące dla dorosłych
- Zespół Szkół Medycznych (Medical School)
- Zespół Szkół Rolniczych
- Zespół Szkół Zawodowych
- Państwowa Szkoła Muzyczna I st.
- Szkoła policealna dla dorosłych
- Football pitch (Kolejowa 7)
- Football pitch (Włoska 10)
- Sports Hall OSiR Prudnik
- Orlik 2012 field
- Summer swimming pool
- KS Pogoń Prudnik (basketball)
- MKS Pogoń Prudnik (football)
- KS Obuwnik Prudnik (archery)
- LKS Zarzewie Prudnik (karate, chess)
- LKJ Olimp Prudnik (equestrianism)
- Stowarzyszenie Sportowe „Tigers” Prudnik (football, parkour, freerunning)
- SPPS Ro-Nat GSM Prudnik (volleyball)
Currently the major industrial plants in Prudnik are:
- Steinpol Central Services (furniture industry)
- Spółdzielnia "Pionier" (auto parts industry)
- Artech Polska (printing cartridges industry)
- Okręgowa Spółdzielnia Mleczarska (food industry)
- Henniges Automotive (auto parts industry)
Born in Prudnik
- Matthäus Apelles von Löwenstern (1594–1648), psalmist, musician and statesman
- Karl Dziatzko (1842–1903), scholar
- Eugen Fraenkel (1853–1925), pathologist and bacteriologist
- Max Pinkus (1857–1934), industrialist and a bibliophile
- Otto von Garnier (1858–1947), German General of the Cavalry during World War I
- Wilhelm Siegmund Frei (1885–1943), dermatologist
- Ludwig Hardt (1886–1947), actor
- Felice Bauer (1887–1960), fiancée of Franz Kafka
- Dietrich von Choltitz (1894–1966), German General, the last commander of Nazi-occupied Paris
- Hellmuth Reymann (1892–1988), officer in the German Army during World War II
- Kurt Wintgens (1894-1916), German World War I pilot
- Bernd Scholz (1911–1969), composer
- Jan Góra (1948–2015), youth activist
- Tadeusz Madziarczyk (born 1961), politician
- Maria Koc (born 1964), politician
- Aleksandra Konieczna (born 1965), actress
- Peter Peschel (born 1972), football player
- Krzysztof Szafrański (born 1972), racing cyclist
- Stefan Wyszyński (1901–1981), archbishop
- Franz Augsberger (1905–1945), SS commander
- Harry Thürk (1927–2005), writer
- Stanisław Szozda (1950–2013), Olympic cyclist
- Krzysztof Pieczyński (born 1957), actor
Twin towns — Sister cities
Prudnik is twinned with:
- Northeim, Germany, since 26 March 1990
- Bohumín, Czech Republic, since 2000
- Nadvirna, Ukraine, since 2000
- Krnov, Czech Republic, since 2002
- San Giustino, Italy, since 2002
- "Prudnik - 10 atrakcji, które warto zwiedzić i zobaczyć. Zabytki. Przewodnik". podrozebezosci.pl. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- Triest, Felix (1865). Topographisches handbuch von Oberschliesen. Breslau. p. 1044.
- Weltzel, Augustyn (2005). Historia miasta Prudnika na Górnym Śląsku. Opole: Wydawnictwo MS.
- Walerjański, Dariusz. Z dziejów Żydów na Górnym Śląsku do 1812 roku.
- "Prudnik - Cittaslow International". www.cittaslow.org. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
- "Auschwitz-Birkenau - Neustadt".
- "The Long March". Stalag VIIIB 344 Lamsdorf. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prudnik.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Prudnik.|
- Municipal website
- Parafia pw. Miłosierdzia Bożego
- Jewish Community in Prudnik on Virtual Shtetl
- Opolskie - photogallery