Prunus apetala

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Prunus apetala
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: P. subg. Cerasus
Section: P. sect. Cerasus
Species:
P. apetala
Binomial name
Prunus apetala
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Cerasus apetala (Sieb. & Zucc.) H.Ohba
  • Prunus tschonoskii Koehne
  • Ceraseidos apetala Sieb. & Zucc.
  • Cerasus apetala f. multipetala (Kawas.) H.Ohba
  • Cerasus apetala var. monticola T.Kawasaki & H.Koyama
  • Cerasus apetala var. tetsuyae H.Ohba
  • Prunus apetala f. multipetala Kawas.
  • Prunus ceraseidos Koidz.
  • Prunus ceraseidos Maxim.
  • Prunus crassipes Koidz.
  • Prunus crenata Koehne
  • Prunus matsumurana Koehne

Prunus apetala is a species of flowering cherry in the genus Prunus in the family Rosaceae. It is called clove cherry (Japanese: チョウジザクラ choujizakura) because of its clovebud-shaped calyx. It is native to Japan, centered on the main island, Honshu.[2][3][1]

Description[edit]

Shrub or small tree.[2]

  • Height: To 5.5 m (18 ft).[2]
  • Leaves: Obovate leaves reach 5–10 cm (2–4 in) in length. Leaf tips are slender; leaf margins double-toothed. Petioles (leaf stalks) and upper leaf surfaces are hairy.[2]
  • Inflorescences: Flowers in May.[2]
    • Petals: Range in color from white to pink; small, 'soon falling'.[2]
    • Calyx: Purple.[2]
    • Stamens: Purple.[2]
    • Pedicels: 1.25-1.9 cm (.5-.75in) in length.[2]
  • Fruit: Black in color, roundish-oval in shape.[2]
    • Peduncle: Peduncle (fruit stalk) ranges in length from 2.5-3.8 cm (1-1.5 in).[2]

Etymology[edit]

Prunus is the ancient Latin name for plum trees. The specific epithet apetala is derived from Greek, meaning 'without petals', due to their habit of dropping off the flowers soon after they are formed.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/rjp-9151
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Chittenden, Fred J., Synge, Patrick M., editors. 1977. “The Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening”, edn. 2, Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198691068. Volume 3, pp. 1695
  3. ^ https://www.rhs.org.uk/Plants/13948/i-Prunus-apetala-i-(D)/Details
  4. ^ Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 52, 316