- Not to be confused with Prunus avium, meaning "bird cherry".
|Bird cherry flowers|
Prunus padus, known as bird cherry or hackberry, is a species of cherry, native to northern Europe and northern Asia. It is a deciduous small tree or large shrub, 8–16 m tall, which grows south of the Arctic Circle in northern Britain and Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia and Ukraine. There are also some trees in France, Spain, Portugal and in the Balkans. It is the type species of the subgenus Padus, which have flowers in racemes.
There are two varieties:
- European bird cherry Prunus padus var. padus, Europe and western Asia.
- Asian bird cherry Prunus padus var. commutata, eastern Asia.
Bird-cherry ermine moth (Yponomeuta evonymella) uses bird-cherry as its host plant, and the larvae can eat single trees leafless.
The fruit of this tree is seldom used in western Europe, but is commonly eaten farther east.
The blacks fruits of the tree can be ground down to make flour for culinary purposes.
It was used medicinally during the Middle Ages.[clarification needed]
It is also sold as an ornamental in North America as a May Day tree.[clarification needed]
- Taphrina padi - A Pocket Plum gall that occurs on Bird Cherry
- Rehder, A. 1940, reprinted 1977. Manual of cultivated trees and shrubs hardy in North America exclusive of the subtropical and warmer temperate regions. Macmillan publishing Co., Inc, New York.
- "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved January 27, 2014.
- Walter Gregor, "Some Folklore of Trees, Animals, and River-fishing from the N.E. of Scotland" The Folk-Lore Journal. Volume 7, 1889. p. 41.
- "Bird cherry (Prunus padus)". Science & Plants for Schools (U.K.).
- N.D.Sargison; D.S.Williamson; J.R.Duncan; R.W.McCance (1996). "Prunus Padus (bird cherry) poisoning in cattle". Veterinary Record 138: 188. doi:10.1136/vr.138.8.188.
…stems, leaves and fruits of P. padus contain the glycosides prulaurasin and amygdalin…
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