Prunus pumila

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Prunus pumila
Fruit in late July.
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Prunus
P. pumila
Binomial name
Prunus pumila
  • Prunus besseyi L.H.Bailey
  • Prunus cerasa Crantz
  • Prunus cuneata Raf.
  • Prunus floribunda K. Koch
  • Prunus depressa hort Pursh
  • Prunus prunella Daniels
  • Prunus rosebudii Reagan
  • Prunus susquehanae hort. ex Willd.
  • Cerasus pumila (L.) Michx.
  • Microcerasus pumila (L.) Eremin & Yushev
  • Cerasus besseyi (L.H.Bailey) Smyth
  • Cerasus depressa (Pursh) Ser.

Prunus pumila, commonly called sand cherry, is a North American species of cherry in the rose family. It is widespread in eastern and central Canada from New Brunswick west to Saskatchewan and the northern United States from Maine to Montana, south as far as Colorado, Kansas, Indiana, and Virginia, with a few isolated populations in Tennessee and Utah.[1][3] It grows in sandy locations such as shorelines and dunes.[4]

Prunus pumila is a deciduous shrub that grows to 0.61–1.83 metres (2–6 feet) tall depending on the variety.[5] It forms dense clonal colonies by sprouts from the root system. The leaves are leathery, 4–7 centimetres (1+582+34 inches) long, with a serrated margin. The flowers are 15–25 millimetres (916–1 in) in diameter with five white petals and 25–30 stamens. They are produced in small clusters of two to four. The fruit is a small cherry 13–15 mm (12916 in) in diameter, ripening to dark purple in early summer.[6][7][8]

  • Prunus pumila var. besseyi (Bailey) Gleason, western sand cherry (also called Rocky Mountain cherry) – Saskatchewan, Manitoba, western Ontario, south to Colorado and Kansas
  • Prunus pumila var. depressa (Pursh) Gleason, eastern sand cherry – Ontario, Québec, New Brunswick south to Pennsylvania
  • Prunus pumila var. pumila, Great Lakes sand cherry – shores of Great Lakes
  • Prunus pumila var. susquehanae (hort. ex Willd.) Jaeger, Susquehana sand cherry – from Manitoba east to Maine, south to Tennessee
  • Prunus × cistena (purple leaf sand cherry) is a hybrid of Prunus cerasifera (cherry plum) and P. pumila.[10] It was developed by Niels Ebbesen Hansen of South Dakota State University in 1910.[11] They grow to be about 2.1 m (7 ft) tall and can live for up to 20 years.[12]



  1. ^ a b "Prunus pumila". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  2. ^ The Plant List, Prunus pumila L.
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map
  4. ^ "Prunus pumila".
  5. ^ "Susquehana Sand Cherry (Prunus pumila susquehanae)".
  6. ^ "Prunus pumila Sand Cherry". Montana Field Guides.
  7. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  8. ^ a b Flora of North America, Prunus pumila Linnaeus, 1767. Sandcherry, cerisier des sables
  9. ^ United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service
  10. ^ Plant Facts, Prunus x cistena - Purpleleaf Sand Cherry (Rosaceae)
  11. ^ Nazareth College, Purpleleaf Sand Cherry Prunus x cistena Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine/
  12. ^ "Purpleleaf Sandcherry (Prunus x cistena) at Connon Nurseries". Connon Nurseries Plant Finder. Retrieved 2020-03-19.

External links[edit]