Prunus tenella

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Prunus tenella
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Prunus subg. Prunus
P. tenella
Binomial name
Prunus tenella
Batsch, 1801
  • Amygdalus ledebouriana Schltdl.
  • Amygdalus georgica Desf.
  • Amygdalus nana L.
  • Prunus ledebouriana (Schltdl.) Y.Y.Yao
  • Prunus nana (L.) Stokes
  • Prunus georgica (Desf.) Eisenman

Prunus tenella, the dwarf Russian almond,[2] is a species of deciduous shrub in the genus Prunus, native to steppes of Eastern Europe and Western Siberia, as well as dry open sites of Caucasus, Western and Central Asia.

It yields small almond-like hairy fruits with characteristic flavor. It grows to 1.5 m (5 ft) and is a popular ornamental plant in cold temperate regions, valued for its profuse spring blossom and exceptional winter hardiness. It was formerly included in Prunus sect. Amygdalus, but molecular phylogenetic studies indicate it is closely related to bush cherries, apricots and plums, rather than almonds.[3][4]

The Latin specific epithet tenella means "tender" or "delicate".[5]

'Fire Hill' is a popular cultivar with red flowers.[6]


  1. ^ USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) Online Database
  2. ^ USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Prunus tenella". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  3. ^ Yazbek, M.; Oh, S.-H. (2013-10-01). "Peaches and almonds: phylogeny of Prunus subg. Amygdalus (Rosaceae) based on DNA sequences and morphology". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 299 (8): 1403–1418. doi:10.1007/s00606-013-0802-1. ISSN 1615-6110. S2CID 14542774.
  4. ^ Wang, Wei; Yang, Tao; Wang, Hui-Ling; Li, Zhen-Jian; Ni, Jian-Wei; Su, Shang; Xu, Xin-Qiao (2020-06-23). "Comparative and phylogenetic analyses of the complete chloroplast genomes of six almond species (Prunus spp. L.)". Scientific Reports. 10 (1): 10137. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-67264-3. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 7311419. PMID 32576920.
  5. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  6. ^ "Prunus tenella 'Firre Hill'". RHS. Retrieved 29 November 2021.

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