Prunus umbellata

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Prunus umbellata
Prunus umbellata UGA1120566.jpg
Prunus umbellata bush
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Genus: Prunus
Species: P. umbellata
Binomial name
Prunus umbellata
Elliott 1821

Prunus umbellata, called flatwoods plum, hog plum. and sloe plum, is a plum species native to the United States from Virginia, south to Florida, and west to Texas.[2][3]

Prunus umbellata can reach 20 feet (6.1 m) in height with a 15 feet (4.6 m) spread. It has alternate serrate green leaves that turn yellow in Autumn. Flowers are white, creamy, or grayish. Fruits are round, purple, and 0.5–1 inch (1.3–2.5 cm) in diameter.[3] P. umbellata trees can live up to 40 years and are very difficult to distinguish from Prunus angustifolia, with which it hybridizes easily.[4] The trees bloom and bear fruit later than other plums. The fruits mature August-October. Large crops appear only every 3-4 years.[5]



  1. ^ The Plant List, Prunus umbellata Elliott
  2. ^ GRIN (May 4, 2011). "Prunus umbellata Elliott". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved December 28, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Prunus umbellata: Flatwoods Plum". University of Florida IFAS Extension. Retrieved December 28, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Plum Delicious and Native, Too!". Florida Native Plant Society. July 15, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Flatwoods Plum, Black Sloe, Sloe, Hog Plum". Texas A&M University. Retrieved December 28, 2014. 

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