Prusias ad Hypium

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Prusias ad Hypium was a city in ancient Bithynia, and afterwards in the late Roman province of Honorias, and a bishopric that was a suffragan of Claudiopolis in Honoriade. Before its conquest by King Prusias I of Bithynia it was named Cierus or Kieros (Ancient Greek: Κίερος). Photius writes that it was called Kieros, from the river which flows by it.[1]

It site was near Konuralp, Düzce Province, Turkey.[2][3]

History[edit]

Memnon of Heraclea says that King Prusias I of Bithynia (237-192 B.C.) captured from the Heracleans the town of Kieros, united it to his dominions and changed its name to Prusias.[4] Pliny[5] and Ptolemy[6] merely mention it, one below Mt. Hypius, the other near the River Hypius.

Bishops[edit]

Several of its bishops are known:

  • George (not Hesychius, as Le Quien says), 325;
  • Olympus in 451;
  • Dometius in 681;
  • Theophilus in 787;
  • Constantine in 869;
  • Leo in 879;
  • St. Paul, martyred by the iconoclasts in the ninth century.[7]

It is not known when this see disappeared; it still existed in the tenth century.[8]

No longer the seat of a residential bishop, it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Photius, Bibliotheca excerpts, § 224.32.1
  2. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 86, and directory notes accompanying.
  3. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  4. ^ "Frag. histor. Graec.", coll. Didot, frag. 27 and 47; fragment 41 treats of Kios/Cius or Guemlek, also called Prusias, and not of Kieros, as the copyist has written; this has given rise to numerous confusions.
  5. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.43.
  6. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 5.1.13.
  7. ^ Le Quien, Oriens christianus I, 579.
  8. ^ Heinrich Gelzer, Ungedruckte ... Texte der Notitiæ episcopatuum, 554.
  9. ^ Catholic Hierarchy

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Prusa". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Attribution
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Prusias ad Hypium" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
    • DE HELL, Voyage en Turquie et Perse, IV, 334-38, 353-73;
    • TEXIER, Asie Mineure, 85;
    • LE BAR, Voyage archéologique, 1174–82;
    • PERROT, Expédition archéologique de la Galatie et de la Bithynie (Paris, 1872, 20-42).

Coordinates: 40°54′22″N 31°08′53″E / 40.905988°N 31.148171°E / 40.905988; 31.148171