Prusias ad Hypium
Memnon of Heraclea says that King Prusias I of Bithynia (237-192 B.C.) captured from the Heracleans the town of Kieros, united it to his dominions and changed its name to Prusias. Pliny and Ptolemy merely mention it, one below Mt. Hypius, the other near the River Hypius or Milan-Sou.
Several of its bishops are known:
- George (not Hesychius, as Le Quien says), 325;
- Olympus in 451;
- Dometius in 681;
- Theophilus in 787;
- Constantine in 869;
- Leo in 879;
- St. Paul, martyred by the iconoclasts in the ninth century.
It is not known when this see disappeared; it still existed in the tenth century.
- "Frag. histor. Graec.", coll. Didot, frag. 27 and 47; fragment 41 treats of Kios/Cius or Guemlek, also called Prusias, and not of Kieros, as the copyist has written; this has given rise to numerous confusions.
- Hist. nat., V, 43.
- V, i, 13.
- Le Quien, Oriens christianus I, 579.
- Heinrich Gelzer, Ungedruckte ... Texte der Notitiæ episcopatuum, 554.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Prusias ad Hypium". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
- DE HELL, Voyage en Turquie et Perse, IV, 334-38, 353-73;
- TEXIER, Asie Mineure, 85;
- LE BAR, Voyage archéologique, 1174–82;
- PERROT, Expédition archéologique de la Galatie et de la Bithynie (Paris, 1872, 20-42).