Prussian P 10

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prussian P 10
DRG Class 39
39 230 1.jpg
39 230 in Bochum-Dahlhausen (5.10.1985)
Quantity 260
Manufacturer Borsig
Year(s) of manufacture 1922–1927
Retired 1967
Axle arrangement 1'D1' h3
Type P 46.19
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Length over buffers 22,890 mm (75 ft 1 in)
Overall wheelbase 11,600 mm (38 ft 1 in)
Empty weight 100.4 t
Service weight 110.4 t
Adhesive weight 75.7 t
Axle load 19.4 t
Top speed 110 km/h (68 mph)
Indicated Power 1,620 PSi
Driving wheel diameter 1,750 mm (5 ft 9 in)
Leading wheel diameter 1,000 mm (39 in)
Trailing wheel diameter 1,100 mm (43 in)
No. of cylinders 3
Cylinder bore 520 mm (20 in)
Piston stroke 660 mm (26 in)
Boiler Overpressure 14 bar
No. of heating tubes 138
No. of smoke tubes 34
Grate area 4.08 m2 (43.9 sq ft)
Tube heating area 122.30 m2 (1,316.4 sq ft)
Superheater area 77.20 m2 (831.0 sq ft)
Evaporative heating area 217.01 m2 (2,335.9 sq ft)
Tender pr 2'2' T 31,5
Water capacity 31.5 m3 (6,900 imp gal)

The Prussian state railways' Class P 10 were 2-8-2 "Mikado" type passenger-hauling steam locomotives built for hauling heavy express trains in the hilly and mountainous terrain of the Mittelgebirge. They were the last Prussian passenger train steam locomotives to be developed in Prussia before the state railways were merged into the Deutsche Reichsbahn (German Imperial Railway), who eventually designated them as DRG Class 39.

The design by Borsig, under the supervision of chief engineer August Meister, was ready in 1919 but, due to material shortages, no locomotives were produced until 1922. They were three-cylinder locomotives, all cylinders driving the second coupled axle. Three sets of Walschaerts valve gear were used, the one for the inside cylinder being mainly located inside the frame, but driven from the same eccentric crank as the valve gear on the left-hand side; two eccentric rods of different lengths being attached to the same crank.

The locomotives' heavy axle-load exceeded the 17 tonne standard specification of much of the German rail network, so they were limited to specific lines which were constructed to higher standards. A total of 260 of these locomotives were ultimately constructed and they worked primarily on the Main-Weser-Bahn between Frankfurt and Kassel, as well as the Eifel region, the Black Forest network until their replacement by Class 221 diesel locomotives, and the Gäubahn (Stuttgart–Singen). They were the most powerful of all the state railway passenger locomotives.

The vehicles were originally equipped with Prussian 2'2' T 31,5 tenders. The Deutsche Bundesbahn fitted many of the surviving examples with Witte smoke deflectors and 2'2' T 34 tenders. The last three engines were stabled in Stuttgart and taken out of service in 1967.

The DB Museum owns 39 230, which may be viewed currently at the German Steam Locomotive Museum.

In the East German Deutsche Reichsbahn the Prussian P 10 was indispensable and was therefore included in their reconstruction programme. The 85 Rekoloks were grouped into DR Class 22.

See also[edit]