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Coat of arms of Pripyat
Coat of arms
Pripyat is located in Ukraine
Coordinates: 51°24′17″N 30°03′25″E / 51.40472°N 30.05694°E / 51.40472; 30.05694
Country Ukraine
OblastKiev Oblast
RaionChornobyl Raion (1923–1988)
Founded4 February 1970
City rights1979
 • AdministrationState Agency of Ukraine on the Exclusion Zone Management
Elevation111 m (364 ft)
 • Total0
 (ca 49,360 in 1986)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal code
none (formerly 01196)
Area code(s)+380 4499[2]

Pripyat or Prypyat (Ukrainian: При́п'ять, translit. Pryp"iat' [ˈprɪpjɑtʲ]) is a ghost town in northern Ukraine, near the Ukraine-Belarus border.

Named after the nearby Pripyat River, Pripyat was founded on 4 February, 1970, as the ninth nuclear city (a type of closed city) in the Soviet Union, to serve the nearby Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant.[3] It was officially proclaimed a city in 1979, and had grown to a population of 49,360[4] by the time it was evacuated on the afternoon of 27 April 1986, the day after the Chernobyl disaster.[5]

Though Pripyat is located within the administrative district of Ivankiv Raion, the abandoned city now has the status of city of oblast significance within the larger Kiev Oblast (province), being administered directly from Kiev. Pripyat is also supervised by Ukraine's Ministry of Emergencies, which manages activities for the entire Chernobyl Exclusion Zone.



Panoramic view of Pripyat in May 2009
View of the Chernobyl power plant including 2003 radioactive level of 763 microroentgens per hour

Access to Pripyat, unlike cities of military importance, was not restricted before the disaster as nuclear power stations were seen by the Soviet Union as safer than other types of power plants. Nuclear power stations were presented as being an achievement of Soviet engineering, where nuclear power was harnessed for peaceful projects. The slogan "peaceful atom" (Russian: мирный атом, translit. mirnyy atom) was popular during those times. The original plan had been to build the plant only 25 km (16 mi) from Kiev, but the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, among other bodies, expressed concern about it being too close to the city. As a result, the power station and Pripyat[6] were built at their current locations, about 100 km (62 mi) from Kiev. After the disaster the city of Pripyat was evacuated in two days.[7]

A panorama of Pripyat during summer. The abandoned Chernobyl power plant is visible in the distance, at top center.

Post-Chernobyl years[edit]

Pripyat Ferris wheel, as seen from the City Center Gymnasium
The Azure Swimming Pool was still in use by liquidators in 1996, a decade after the Chernobyl incident.
In 2009, over two decades after the Chernobyl incident, the Azure Swimming Pool shows decay after years of disuse.

In 1986 the city of Slavutych was constructed to replace Pripyat. After the city of Chernobyl, this is the second-largest city for accommodating power plant workers and scientists in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).

One notable landmark often featured in photographs of the city and visible from aerial-imaging websites is the long-abandoned Ferris wheel located in the Pripyat amusement park. The Azure Swimming Pool and Avanhard Stadium are two other popular tourist sites.

Infrastructure and statistics[edit]

Pripyat before the Chernobyl disaster

The following statistics are from January 1, 1986.[8]

  • Population: 49,400 before the disaster. The average age was about 26 years old. Total living space was 658,700 m2 (7,090,000 sq ft): 13,414 apartments in 160 apartment blocks, 18 halls of residence accommodating up to 7,621 single males or females, and eight halls of residence for married or de facto couples.
  • Education: 15 kindergartens and elementary schools for 4980 children, and 5 secondary schools for 6786 students.
  • Healthcare: One hospital that could accommodate up to 410 patients, and three clinics.
  • Trade: 25 stores and malls; 27 cafes, cafeterias and restaurants could serve up to 5,535 customers simultaneously. 10 warehouses could hold 4,430 tons of goods.
  • Culture: Three facilities: a culture palace, the Palace of Culture Energetik, a cinema and a school of arts, with eight different societies.
  • Sports: 10 gyms, three indoor swimming-pools, 10 shooting galleries, two stadiums.
  • Recreation: One park, 35 playgrounds, 18,136 trees, 249,247 shrubs, 33,000 rose plants.
  • Industry: Four factories with total annual turnover of 477,000,000 rubles. one nuclear power plant with four reactors.
  • Transportation: Yanov railway station, 167 urban buses, plus the nuclear power plant car park which had 400 spaces.
  • Telecommunication: 2,926 local phones managed by the Pripyat Phone Company, plus 1,950 phones owned by Chernobyl power station's administration, Jupiter plant and Department of Architecture and Urban Development.


The external relative gamma dose for a person in the open near the Chernobyl disaster site. The intermediate lived fission products like Cs-137 contribute nearly all of the gamma dose now after a number of decades have passed, see opposite.
The impact of the different isotopes on the radioactive contamination of the air soon after the accident. Drawn using data from the OECD report [1] and the second edition of 'The radiochemical manual'.

A natural concern is whether it is safe to visit Pripyat and the surroundings. The Zone of Alienation is considered relatively safe to visit, and several Ukrainian companies offer guided tours around the area.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] At present, radiation levels have dropped considerably, compared to the fatal levels of April 1986, due to the decay of the short-lived isotopes released during the accident.[17] In most places within the city, the level of radiation does not exceed an equivalent dose of 1 μSv (one microsievert) per hour.[18]

In popular culture[edit]


The city was served by Yaniv station on the Chernihiv–Ovruch railway. It was an important passenger hub of the line and was located between the southern suburb of Pripyat and the village of Yaniv. An electric train terminus Semikhody, built in 1988 and located in front of the nuclear plant, is currently the only operating station near Pripyat connecting it to Slavutych.[32]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-16. Retrieved 2016-07-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "City Phone Codes". Archived from the original on 2015-08-15. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  3. ^ Pripyat: Short Introduction Archived 2012-07-11 at
  4. ^ "Chernobyl and Eastern Europe: My Journey to Chernobyl 6". Archived from the original on 2013-10-15. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
  5. ^ "Pripyat – City of Ghosts". Archived from the original on 2016-02-17. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  6. ^ "History of the Pripyat city creation". Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  7. ^ Anastasia. "". Info Blog. Archived from the original on 2014-11-17. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  8. ^ Припять в цифрах Archived 2012-10-13 at the Wayback Machine ("Pripyat in Numbers"), a page from Pripyat website
  9. ^ "Chernobyl Tour". Archived from the original on 2016-01-31. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  10. ^ "Chernobyl Welcome". Archived from the original on 2016-02-11. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  11. ^ "Chernobyl Tours by Solo East Travel". Archived from the original on 2019-01-25. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  12. ^ "Tour Chernobyl". Archived from the original on 2018-11-27. Retrieved 2019-01-26.
  13. ^ "Lupine Travel - Chernobyl". Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  14. ^ "Tour2Chernobyl". Archived from the original on 2018-04-27. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  15. ^ "Tour2Kiev". Archived from the original on 2015-12-24. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  16. ^ "Pripyat - Chernobyl Tour". Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  17. ^ "Bugging In and Bugging Out". Archived from the original on 2016-04-09. Retrieved 2016-02-13.
  18. ^ "Radiation levels". The Chernobyl Gallery. Archived from the original on 2014-09-29. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  19. ^ "Tchernobyl 30 ans après : au coeur de la zone interdite". L'Obs (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  20. ^ "Littérature : "La Zone" de Markiyan Kamysh et "La Maison dans laquelle" de Mariam Petrosyan". France Culture (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  21. ^ "Reportage dans la zone interdite de Tchernobyl". Les Inrocks (in French). Archived from the original on 2017-10-02. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
  22. ^ White Horse on IMDb
  23. ^ "DELIA". Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  24. ^ Chernobyl Diaries on IMDb
  25. ^ "Witness a Drone's Eye View of Chernobyl's Urban Decay". The Creators Project. Archived from the original on 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  26. ^ "من فوق.. كيف يبدو ما بقي من تشيرنوبل بعد 30 عاما من الكارثة النووية؟". CNN Arabic. Archived from the original on 2015-07-24. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  27. ^ Johns, Matt (19 May 2014). "Pink Floyd release new Marooned video...and TDB20 countdown!". Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  28. ^ "Pink Floyd to Release 20th Anniversary Box Set of "The Division Bell"" (Press release). 20 May 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-03-04. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  29. ^ DJI (2015-08-14), DJI Stories – The Lost City of Chernobyl, archived from the original on 2015-08-25, retrieved 2016-03-24
  30. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (4 August 2016). "The story behind 'The Girl With All The Gifts'". Screen International. Archived from the original on 2016-09-20. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
  31. ^ ""Atypical Games launches Radiation City"". Archived from the original on 2017-09-03. Retrieved 2017-09-02.
  32. ^ "Radioactive Railroad". Archived from the original on 2015-11-21. Retrieved 2015-11-25.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°24′20″N 30°03′25″E / 51.40556°N 30.05694°E / 51.40556; 30.05694