Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacji Samochodowej

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Neon PKS Dworzec Wrocław.jpg
Founded1945
Service areaPoland
Service typePoland coach services

Przedsiębiorstwo Komunikacji Samochodowej (commonly abbreviated PKS, can be translated as Motor Transport Company) is a major Polish enterprise dealing with inter-city public transport using coaches.

History[edit]

PKS bus, beginning of the 1950s

It was created as a state enterprise in 1945 in post-war communist Poland as Państwowa Komunikacja Samochodowa (State Motor Transport). Until 1989 it had a monopoly on suburban bus transport in Poland. In 1992 it was renamed to its current name. The company was divided into many regional branches that were privatized.

Incidents[edit]

PKS buses were involved in two major crashes in Poland. The first major accident happened in 1978, when 30 people died in an incident, in which two buses plunged from a bridge 18m into Żywiec Lake.

The other incident is known as the Poland bus disaster of 1994, in which an overcrowded bus driving 60 km/h over the 50 km/h speed limit collided with a tree, and 32 people died. This remains the worst road disaster in the country's history.