Psalm 100 (Greek numbering: Psalm 99) is part of the biblical Book of Psalms. It may be used as a canticle in the Anglican liturgy of Morning Prayer, when it is referred to by its incipit as the Jubilate or Jubilate Deo. It also constitutes the bulk of the first movement of Leonard Bernstein's Chichester Psalms.
It is thought that Psalm 100 was also part of the liturgy of the ancient Jerusalem temple and was reused in later Psalms and prophetic texts, particularly the ambiguous verse 3.
Psalm 100 (Hebrew: מזמור לתודה, Mizmor Letoda) is part of the daily prayer service, recited as part of the Songs of thanksgiving in Pesukei Dezimra, except on Shabbat, festivals, Chol HaMoed of Pesach, and the days before Yom Kippur and Pesach. Psalm 100 is representative of the Thanksgiving offering, which thanks God for having been saved from dangers we face every day. A person always faces danger in his daily routine, even though he may be unaware of it.
Psalm 100 is omitted on Shabbat and Yom Tov because the Thanksgiving offering was not offered on these days in the Temple; only communal offerings were brought on these days. the day before and during Pesach because the Thanksgiving offering is composed of a loaf of bread, which is chametz that may not be consumed during Pesach. It is omitted the day before Yom Kippur because no food is consumed at all on Yom Kippur.
Psalm 100 (often under its Latin incipit "Jubilate Deo") has been set to music by many composers, sometimes more than once. Some notable compositions are those by:
- Malcolm Arnold
- Loys Bourgeois
- Benjamin Britten
- George Frideric Handel in Utrecht Te Deum and Jubilate
- Herbert Howells
- Charles Ives
- Henry Purcell in Te Deum and Jubilate
- Max Reger Der 100. Psalm
- Fredrik Sixten
- Georg Philipp Telemann and/or Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Gottlob Harrer: pasticcio motet Jauchzet dem Herrn alle Welt
- Sir William Walton